Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Hippoglossoides > Hippoglossoides elassodon
 

Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole; Flathead sole; Cigarette paper)

Language: Danish; French; German; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on soft, silty or muddy bottoms at depths of up to 1,050 metres (3,440 ft). Its native habitat is the northern Pacific, from the seas of Japan and Okhotsk, across the Bering Sea and to the coast of North America, as far south as Point Reyes, USA. It52 centimetres (20 in) in length, and can weigh up to 1.56 kilograms (3.4 lb); females are typically larger than males.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippoglossoides elassodon

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[2]
Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Atlantic alligatorfish)[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Chionoecetes bairdi (southern Tanner crab)[2]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[2]
Crangon dalli (ridged crangon)[2]
Cryptacanthodes aleutensis (Red devil)[3]
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)[3]
Erimacrus isenbeckii (hair crab)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[3]
Glebocarcinus oregonensis (pygmy rock crab)[3]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[3]
Hyas lyratus (Pacific lyre crab)[3]
Icelinus borealis (Comb sculpin)[3]
Icelus spiniger (Thorny sculpin)[3]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[3]
Liocyma fluctuosa (wavy liocyma)[3]
Lycodes brevipes (Shortfin eelpout)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[3]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[3]
Meterythrops robusta[3]
Neocrangon communis (gray shrimp)[2]
Nuculana pernula (northern nutclam)[3]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[2]
Ophiura sarsii[2]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[2]
Pandalus goniurus (humpy shrimp)[2]
Pandalus jordani (ocean shrimp)[2]
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)[3]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[3]
Sebastes zacentrus (Sharpchin rockfish)[3]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[2]
Thysanoessa inermis[3]
Yoldia amygdalea[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)1
Alcichthys elongatus1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)3
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)2
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)3
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)3
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)2
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)1
Bathyraja matsubarai (Dusky-purple skate)1
Bathyraja minispinosa (Smallthorn skate)1
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)1
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)1
Bathyraja violacea (Okhotsk skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Careproctus furcellus (Emarginate snailfish)2
Careproctus rastrinus (Salmon snailfish)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)3
Crystallichthys cyclospilus (Blotched snailfish)2
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)6
Elassodiscus tremebundus (Snailfish)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)7
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)2
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)3
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)4
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)5
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)3
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Microstomus pacificus (Slippery sole)1
Myoxocephalus ochotensis (Okhotsk sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)3
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Raja binoculata (Big skate)4
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)1
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)2
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Somateria spectabilis (King Eider)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)4
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)2

Predators

Aequorea victoria (Water jellyfish)[3]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[3]
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)[3]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[2]
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)[3]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[3]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[3]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[2]
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)[4]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[3]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[2]
Homo sapiens (man)[3]
Lycodes palearis (Wattled eelpout)[3]
Myoxocephalus jaok (Plain sculpin)[3]
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)[3]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[3]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[3]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[3]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[2]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[6]

Providers

Parasite of 
Aporocotyle simplex[3]
Nybelinia surmenicola[3]
Parahemiurus merus[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aporocotyle simplex[7]
Nybelinia surmenicola[7]
Parahemiurus merus[7]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); California Current; Canada; East Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; Japan; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; North Pacific: Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, and the Bering Sea along the western coast of America to Pt. Reyes, central California, USA.; Oyashio Current; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 2Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p. 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Life history traits of sculpins in the eastern Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands, Todd T. TenBrink and Kerim Y. Aydin, NPRB Project 628 Final Report (2009) 5Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska, Mei-Sun Yang and Benjamin N. Page, Fish. Bull. 97:406–409 (1999) 6Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access