Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Hippoglossus > Hippoglossus stenolepis
 

Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut; Halibut)

Synonyms: Hippoglossus hippoglossus camtchaticus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Hippoglossus stenolepis, the Pacific Halibut, is a species of righteye flounder. This very large species of flatfish is native to the North Pacific and is fished by commercial fisheries, sport fishers, and subsistence fishers.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippoglossus stenolepis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  440.16 lbs (199.65 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  13 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  12 years 6 months
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Pelagophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  42 years
Migration [4]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Acantholithodes hispidus (spiny lithode crab)[5]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[6]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[7]
Anisarchus medius (Stout eelblenny)[5]
Anoplagonus inermis (Smooth sea-poacher)[5]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[5]
Aptocyclus ventricosus (Smooth lumpsucker)[5]
Argis alaskensis (Alaska argid)[5]
Aspidophoroides monopterygius (Atlantic alligatorfish)[5]
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)[5]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[5]
Bathyagonus alascanus (Gray starsnout poacher)[5]
Bathyagonus nigripinnis (Blackfin poacher)[8]
Bathymaster signatus (Searcher)[5]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[5]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[5]
Cancer borealis (Jonah crab)[6]
Chauliodus macouni (Fanged viperfish)[5]
Chionoecetes angulatus (triangle Tanner crab)[8]
Chionoecetes bairdi (southern Tanner crab)[7]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[7]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[8]
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)[7]
Crangon alaskensis[7]
Crangon dalli (ridged crangon)[7]
Cryptacanthodes aleutensis (Red devil)[5]
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)[5]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[6]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[9]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[5]
Erimacrus isenbeckii (hair crab)[7]
Eumicrotremus orbis (Spiny lumpsucker)[5]
Eumicrotremus phrynoides (Toad lumpsucker)[5]
Fusitriton oregonensis (Oregon triton)[5]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[7]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[6]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[5]
Glebocarcinus oregonensis (pygmy rock crab)[7]
Glyptocephalus zachirus (Witch)[5]
Gymnocanthus galeatus (Armorhead sculpin)[5]
Gymnocanthus pistilliger (thread sculpin)[5]
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)[5]
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)[5]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[5]
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)[5]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[7]
Hippoglossoides robustus (Bering flounder)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[5]
Hyas coarctatus (Arctic lyre crab)[5]
Hyas lyratus (Pacific lyre crab)[7]
Hypsagonus quadricornis (Four-horned sea-poacher)[5]
Icelinus borealis (Comb sculpin)[5]
Icelus spiniger (Thorny sculpin)[5]
Icelus uncinalis (Uncinate sculpin)[5]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[6]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[5]
Lebbeus groenlandicus (spiny lebbeid)[5]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[5]
Lepidopsetta bilineata (Rock sole)[7]
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)[7]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[5]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[7]
Limanda proboscidea (Longhead dab)[7]
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)[5]
Lumpenella longirostris (Long-snouted blenny)[5]
Lumpenus fabricii (Slender eelblenny)[5]
Lumpenus sagitta (Eel-blenny)[5]
Lycodes brevipes (Shortfin eelpout)[5]
Lycodes palearis (Wattled eelpout)[5]
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)[5]
Malacocottus zonurus (Bartail sculpin)[8]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[7]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[6]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[5]
Metacarcinus gracilis (graceful crab)[5]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[5]
Microstomus pacificus (Slippery sole)[5]
Modiolus sacculifer (bag horsemussel)[5]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[6]
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)[5]
Nuculana pernula (northern nutclam)[5]
Occella dodecaedron (Bering poacher)[5]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Oregonia gracilis (graceful decorator crab)[7]
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)[5]
Pandalopsis dispar (sidestriped shrimp)[5]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[5]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[6]
Parophrys vetulus (English sole)[5]
Pholis clemensi (Longfin gunnel)[5]
Pholis fasciata (Bering gunnel)[5]
Pholis laeta (Crescent gunnel)[5]
Placetron wosnessenskii (scaled crab)[5]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[8]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[8]
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)[5]
Podothecus accipenserinus (Sturgeon-like sea-poacher)[7]
Poroclinus rothrocki (Whitebarred blenny)[5]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[5]
Psychrolutes paradoxus (Tadpole sculpin)[5]
Psychrolutes phrictus (Blob sculpin)[5]
Ptilichthys goodei (Quillfish)[5]
Pugettia gracilis (graceful kelp crab)[7]
Pugettia venetiae (Venice kelp crab)[5]
Raja binoculata (Big skate)[5]
Rhamphocottus richardsonii (Grunt sculpin)[5]
Romaleon branneri (furrowed rock crab)[5]
Sarritor frenatus (Sawback poacher)[8]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[5]
Sebastes polyspinis (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes ruberrimus (Yelloweye rockfish)[5]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[5]
Sigmops gracilis (Slender fangjaw)[5]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[5]
Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish)[5]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[7]
Thysanoessa inermis[5]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese common squid)[8]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[5]
Triglops forficatus (Scissortail sculpin)[5]
Triglops macellus (Roughspine sculpin)[5]
Triglops pingelii (Ribbed sculpin)[5]
Triglops scepticus (Spectacled sculpin)[5]
Zaprora silenus (Prowfish)[5]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alcichthys elongatus2
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)5
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)4
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)2
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)4
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)2
Bathyraja matsubarai (Dusky-purple skate)2
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)2
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)3
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)3
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)5
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)3
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)3
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)3
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)2
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)2
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)5
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)4
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)9
Gadus morhua (rock cod)7
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Red Irish lord)2
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)4
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)3
Hexagrammos otakii (Greenling)2
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)6
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)3
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)4
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hydrolagus colliei (Spotted rattfish)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)4
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)3
Larus canus (Mew Gull)2
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)2
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)4
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)2
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)3
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)3
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)3
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)5
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)2
Merluccius productus (Whiting)3
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)2
Myoxocephalus ochotensis (Okhotsk sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)2
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)2
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)3
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)3
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)4
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)2
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)3
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)2
Pollachius virens (Sillock)3
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)3
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)2
Raja binoculata (Big skate)4
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)5
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)4
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)3
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)3
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)3
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)7
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)3
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)4
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)4
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)2
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2

Predators

Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[5]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[5]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[5]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[10]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[11]
Hemilepidotus papilio (Butterfly sculpin)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[5]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)[5]
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)[5]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[5]
Nybelinia surmenicola[5]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)[5]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[5]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[12]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[5]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[5]
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)[5]
Raja binoculata (Big skate)[5]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[5]
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)[13]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[7]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[5]
Aporocotyle simplex[5]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[5]
Corynosoma enhydri[5]
Corynosoma strumosum[5]
Corynosoma villosum[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Dissosaccus laevis[5]
Entobdella hippoglossi[5]
Entobdella pugetensis[5]
Entobdella squamula[5]
Genolinea laticauda[5]
Gonocerca phycidis[5]
Hemiurus levinseni[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[5]
Lepidapedon gadi[5]
Nybelinia surmenicola[5]
Parahemiurus merus[5]
Podocotyle sinusacca[5]
Prosorhynchoides basargini[5]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[5]
Steganoderma formosum[5]
Stenakron vetustum[5]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[5]
Zoogonus dextrocirrus[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[14]
Aporocotyle simplex[14]
Ascarophis filiformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[14]
Brachyphallus crenatus[14]
Branchobdella pugetensis[14]
Capillaria margolisi <Unverified Name>[14]
Corynosoma enhydri[14]
Corynosoma strumosum[14]
Corynosoma villosum[14]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[14]
Derogenes varicus[14]
Dissosaccus laevis[14]
Echinorhynchus gadi[14]
Entobdella hippoglossi[14]
Genolinea laticauda[14]
Gonocerca phycidis[14]
Hemiurus levinseni[14]
Lecithaster gibbosus[14]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[14]
Lepidapedon gadi[14]
Nybelinia surmenicola[14]
Paracapillaria parophrysi <Unverified Name>[14]
Parahemiurus merus[14]
Podocotyle gibbonsia <Unverified Name>[14]
Podocotyle sinusacca[14]
Podocotyle sinussaca <Unverified Name>[14]
Prosorhynchoides basargini[14]
Pseudopecoelus nossamani <Unverified Name>[14]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[14]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[14]
Steganoderma formosum[14]
Stenakron vetustum[14]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[14]
Zoogonus dextrocirrus[14]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; China; Chukchi Sea; Cobb Seamount; East Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; Japan; Kuroshio Current; Mexico; North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 7Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p. 8Diet of Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, I. N. Moukhametov, A. M. Orlov, and B. M. Leaman, INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC HALIBUT COMMISSION, Technical Report No. 52 (2008) 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10SEASONAL AND SPATIAL DIFFERENCES IN DIET IN THE WESTERN STOCK OF STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS), E. H. Sinclair and T. K. Zeppelin, Journal of Mammalogy Vol. 83, No. 4 (Nov., 2002), pp. 973-990 11Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 12Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 13Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, in the Gulf of Alaska, Mei-Sun Yang and Benjamin N. Page, Fish. Bull. 97:406–409 (1999) 14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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