Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Labridae > Labrus > Labrus bergylta

Labrus bergylta (Ballan wrasse)

Synonyms: Crenilabrus multidentatus; Labrus balanus; Labrus ballan; Labrus berggylta; Labrus comber; Labrus donovani; Labrus maculatus; Labrus neustriae; Labrus nubilus; Labrus variabilis
Language: Arabic; Catalan; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Italian; Japanese; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta) is a species of wrasse native to the northeastern Atlantic Ocean from Norway to Morocco, including the islands of Madeira, the Azores and the Canary Islands. They can be found at depths from 1 to 50 m (3.3 to 164.0 ft) amongst rocks, seaweed and reefs. It can grow to 65.9 cm (25.9 in) in total length (though most do not exceed 50 cm (20 in) standard length), and the greatest recorded weight of this species is 4.4 kg (9.7 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Labrus bergylta


Adult Weight [1]  5.28 lbs (2.39 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  7 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  29 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Clogwyni Pen Llyn/ Seacliffs of Lleyn 2591 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Glannau Ynys Gybi/ Holy Island Coast 1147 Wales, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Polruan to Polperro 527 England, United Kingdom
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Lizard 8048 England, United Kingdom    
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Arbacia lixula (Black Sea Urchin)[3]
Calanus finmarchicus[4]
Columbella adansoni[3]
Euterpina acutifrons[4]
Lithomelissa setosa[4]
Lophozozymus incisus (Montagu's crab)[3]
Oithona similis[4]
Paracalanus parvus[4]
Paracentrotus lividus (Purple sea urchin)[3]
Percnon gibbesi (nimble spray crab)[3]
Podon intermedius[4]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Scyllarus arctus (small european locust lobster)[3]
Sphaerechinus granularis (violet sea urchin)[3]
Temora longicornis[4]
Tintinnopsis beroidea[4]
Tritia incrassata (thick-lipped dog whelk)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)1
Coris julis (Wrasse)2
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus adscensionis (Rockhind)1
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)1
Lutjanus apodus (Schooly)1
Pagellus acarne (Spanish seabream)1
Phycis phycis (Fork-beard)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Rypticus saponaceus (Three-spined soapfish)1
Symphodus tinca (painted wrasse)1
Thalassoma pavo (peacock wrasse)1


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[5]
Ascaris digitata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ascaris ungulata <Unverified Name>[5]
Cainocreadium labracis[5]
Contracaecum osculatum[5]
Cryptocotyle lingua[5]
Gyrodactylus errabundus[4]
Helicometra fasciata[5]
Helicometra pulchella[5]
Lepidauchen stenostoma[5]
Macvicaria alacris[5]
Microcotyle donavini[5]
Myorhynchus pritchardae[5]
Opechona sardinellae <Unverified Name>[5]
Peracreadium commune[5]
Peracreadium genu[5]
Prodistomum gracile[4]
Udonella caligorum[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
London Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, including Madeira, the Azores and the Canary Islands. Doubtful records from Mediterranean, Adriatic and Marmara seas (Ref. 4742).; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Madeira Islands; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Feeding ecology of the white seabream, Diplodus sargus, and the ballan wrasse, Labrus bergylta, in the Azores, Miguel Figueiredo, Telmo Morato, João P. Barreiros, Pedro Afonso, Ricardo S. Santos, Fisheries Research 75 (2005) 107–119
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access