Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Lophiiformes > Lophiidae > Lophius > Lophius piscatorius

Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish; Monk; Anglerfish; Angler; Angler fish)

Synonyms: Batrachus eurypterus; Batrachus piscator; Batrachus piscatorius; Lophius eurypterus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Lophius piscatorius, commonly known as the angler, is a monkfish in the family Lophiidae. It is found in coastal waters of the northeast Atlantic, from the Barents Sea to the Strait of Gibraltar, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Within some of its range, including the Irish Sea this species comprises a significant commercial fishery.
View Wikipedia Record: Lophius piscatorius


Adult Weight [1]  69.96 lbs (31.74 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[3]
Alcyonium digitatum (Dead Man's fingers)[3]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[3]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[3]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[3]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[3]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[3]
Lampetra richardsoni (Lamprey eel)[3]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[3]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[3]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[3]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[3]
Molva molva (Ling)[3]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[3]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[3]
Pagellus acarne (Spanish seabream)[3]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[3]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[3]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[3]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)1
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1


Conger conger (Conger)[3]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[3]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephaloides propinquus[5]
Acanthostomum inerme[5]
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[5]
Anisakis simplex[5]
Ascaris lophiipiscatorii <Unverified Name>[5]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[5]
Bucephaloides meridionalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Bucephalopsis gracilescens <Unverified Name>[5]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[5]
Contracaecum auctum <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum lophii <Unverified Name>[5]
Corynosoma strumosum[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Dibothriorhynchus monticellii <Unverified Name>[5]
Diesingella monticelli <Unverified Name>[5]
Dinurus longisinus[5]
Echinorhynchus gadi[5]
Ectenurus virgulus[5]
Fellodistomum furcigerum[5]
Gonocerca crassa[5]
Grillotia erinaceus[5]
Grillotia heptanchi[5]
Hemiurus levinseni[5]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[5]
Hysterothylacium clavatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium increscens <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium lophii <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium marinum[5]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Lecithochirium caudiporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Lecithochirium floridense[5]
Lecithochirium musculus[5]
Lecithochirium physcon[5]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[5]
Nybelinia lingualis[5]
Podocotyle reflexa[5]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[5]
Prosorhynchoides meridionalis[5]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[5]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[5]
Raphidascaris chirocentri <Unverified Name>[5]
Raphidascaris lophii <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhynchobothrium adenoplusius[5]
Rondonia lophii <Unverified Name>[5]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[5]
Siphoderina brotulae <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus cristatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Stephanostomum cesticillum[5]
Stephanostomum kovalevi <Unverified Name>[5]
Stephanostomum lophii[5]
Steringophorus furciger[5]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[5]
Zoogonoides viviparus[5]


Eastern Atlantic: south-western Barents Sea to Strait of Gibraltar including the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 4712) and Mauritania (Ref. 5377). North Atlantic specimens attain larger sizes than those collected off West Africa and they also occur in shallower depths.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4"The diet and trophic ecology of anglerfish Lophius piscatorius at the Shetland Islands, UK", C.H. Laurenson and I.G. Priede, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom / Volume 85 / Issue 02 / April 2005, pp 419-424
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access