Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Macrouridae > Macrourus > Macrourus berglax
 

Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier; Smooth-spined grenadier; Roughhead grenadier; Onion-eye grenadier; Onion eye)

Synonyms: Coryphaenoides berglax; Coryphaenoides rupestris; Macrourus fabricii; Macrurus fabricii
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Wikipedia Abstract

Macrourus berglax, the roughhead grenadier or onion-eye grenadier, is a species of marine ray-finned fish in the family Macrouridae. It is a deep-water fish found in the Atlantic Ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Macrourus berglax

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  14 years 9 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[2]
Apherusa glacialis[3]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[2]
Ciona intestinalis (transparent sea squirt)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Crossaster papposus (spiny sun star, common sun star)[3]
Hymenodora glacialis (Northern ambereye)[3]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[2]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[3]
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)[2]
Ophiacantha abyssicola[3]
Ophiacantha bidentata[3]
Ophiocten sericeum[3]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[3]
Ophiopleura borealis[3]
Ophioscolex glacialis[3]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[2]
Pasiphaea tarda (crimson pasiphaeid)[2]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Synaphobranchus kaupii (Gray's cutthroat)[2]
Thysanoessa inermis[3]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)4
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)2
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Gadus morhua (rock cod)4
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)1
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)1
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)4
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)2
Pollachius virens (Sillock)3
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)4
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1

Predators

Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[2]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[2]
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[2]

Providers

Parasite of 
Bathycreadium flexicollis[3]
Cyclocotyloides pinguis[3]
Derogenes varicus[3]
Genolinea laticauda[3]
Glomericirrus ulmeri[3]
Gonocerca crassa[3]
Gonocerca phycidis[3]
Hemiurus levinseni[3]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[3]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[3]
Lepidapedon elongatum[3]
Macruricotyle newfoundlandiae[3]
Opechona orientalis[3]
Parabothriocephalus macruri[3]
Philobythos atlanticus[3]
Prodistomum orientalis[3]
Steringophorus thulini[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bathycreadium flexicollis[4]
Capillaria gracilis <Unverified Name>[4]
Cucullanellus parvulus <Unverified Name>[4]
Cyclocotyloides pinguis[4]
Derogenes varicus[4]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[4]
Echinorhynchus gadi[4]
Genolinea laticauda[4]
Gibsonia borealis <Unverified Name>[4]
Glomericirrus macrouri[4]
Gonocerca crassa[4]
Gonocerca kobayashi <Unverified Name>[4]
Gonocerca phycidis[4]
Hemiurus levinseni[4]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[4]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[4]
Lepidapedon elongatum[4]
Macruricotyle newfoundlandiae[4]
Opechona orientalis[4]
Parabothriocephalus macruri[4]
Philobythos atlanticus[4]
Prodistomum orientalis[4]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[4]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[4]
Steringophorus foliatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Steringophorus thulini[4]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Bear Seamount; Canada; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Atlantic: Norfolk Canyon and George Bank north to Labrador, Davis Strait, eastern and western Greenland, Iceland, and from the Irish Atlantic slope north to Faeroe Islands, Norwegian coast, to Spitzbergen, and to the Barents Sea.; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Scotian Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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