Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Istiophoridae > Makaira > Makaira nigricans
 

Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard; Ocean gar; Marlin; Cuban black marlin; Blue marlin; Billfish; Atlantic blue marlin; Marlín; Squadron)

Synonyms: Histiophorus herschelii; Maikaira nigricans; Makaira ampla; Makaira ampla ampla; Makaira bermudae; Makaira herschelii; Makaira nigricans ampla; Makaira nigricans nigricans; Makaira perezi; Orthocraeros bermudae; Tetrapturus amplus; Tetrapturus herschelii
Language: Afrikaans; Bikol; Carolinian; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Hawaiian; Italian; Japanese; Korean; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Palauan; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Samoan; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Tokelauan

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  206.13 lbs (93.50 kg)
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous
Speed [3]  26.84 MPH (12 m/s)

Emblem of

Bahamas

Prey / Diet

Auxis rochei (bonitou)[4]
Auxis thazard (Frigate tuna)[5]
Brama brama (Ray's bream)[6]
Brama caribbea (Caribbean pomfret)[7]
Canthidermis sufflamen (Filefish)[6]
Caranx crysos (Yellow tail cavalli)[6]
Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Yellowtail)[6]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[6]
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)[6]
Exocoetus volitans (Blue flying fish)[6]
Hyaloteuthis pelagica (Glassy flying squid)[8]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[5]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[4]
Scomber colias (Altantic chub mackerel)[4]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[6]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[6]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[9]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Walvisteuthis rancureli[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)2
Atractosteus spatula (Alligator gar)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)3
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)3
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)1
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)2
Kajikia albida (Marlin)4
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Lepisosteus oculatus (Spotted gar)1
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)1
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)1
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)1
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)1
Terapon jarbua (Tiger-perch)1
Tetrapturus pfluegeri (Longbill spearfish)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)2
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)5
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)4
Uranoscopus scaber (Stargazer)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bothriocephalus manubriformis[10]
Capsala ovalis[10]
Capsala poeyi[10]
Capsaloides nairagi[10]
Capsaloides sinusatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Colocyntotrema auxis[10]
Epithelionematobothrium makairi <Unverified Name>[10]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[10]
Hirudinella ventricosa[10]
Metadidymozoon branchiale <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodidymozoon macrostoma <Unverified Name>[10]
Oncophora melanocephala[10]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[10]
Prosobothrium armigerum[10]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[10]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[10]
Tristomella laevis[10]
Tristomella poeyi <Unverified Name>[10]
Tristomella pricei[10]
Unitubulotestis makairi <Unverified Name>[10]
Wedlia submaxillaris <Unverified Name>[10]

Distribution

Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters. We follow Nakamura 1985 (Ref. 43) in recognizing <i>Makaira mazara</i> and <i>Makaira nigricans</i> as two distinct species chiefly because of differences in the pattern of the lateral line system. Many; Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters. We follow Nakamura 1985 (Ref. 43) in recognizing <i>Makaira mazara</i> and <i>Makaira nigricans</i> as two distinct species chiefly because of differences in the pattern of the lateral line system. Many scientists, however, do not recognize this character as specifically diagnostic and consider the latter species as a single pantropical species occurring in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Azores Islands; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Jamaica; Liberia; Madeira Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Montserrat; Morocco; Namibia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Pacific, Eastern Central; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samoa; Sargasso Sea; Senegal; Sierra Leone; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Uruguay; Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF SWIMMING SPEEDS AND DEPTH OF BLUE MARLIN, BARBARA A. BLOCK, DAVID BOOTH AND FRANCIS G. CAREY, J. exp. Biol. 166, 267-284 (1992) 4Diet of the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, off the south coast of Portugal, Pedro Veiga, José Xavier, Carlos Assis and Karim Erzini 5Preliminary Investigation of the Diets of Large Oceanic Pelagic Species of Importance to the Longline Fishery in Barbados, MARLYN RAWLINS, HAZEL A. OXENFORD, and PAUL FANNING, Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 58, (2007), p. 243-249 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7STOMACH CONTENTS OF THE CARIBBEAN POMFRET Brama caribbea (MEAD, 1972) FROM STOMACH CONTENTS OF GREAT PELAGIC PREDATORS FROM SOUTHWESTERN EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC, Teodoro VASKE JÚNIOR; Rosângela Paula LESSA; Taciana Martins BARBOSA; Mariana Travassos TOLOTTI; Aurelyanna Christine Bezerra RIBEIRO, B. Inst. Pesca, São Paulo, 34(2): 241 - 249, 2008 8Yves Cherel, Richard Sabatié, Michel Potier, Francis Marsac, Frédéric Ménard. 2007. New information from fish diets on the importance of glassy flying squid (Hyaloteuthis pelagica) (Teuthoidea: Ommastrephidae) in the epipelagic community of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Fish. Bull. 105: 147–152. 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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