Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Hexagrammidae > Ophiodon > Ophiodon elongatus
 

Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod; Leopard cod; Green cod; Cultus cod; Buffalo cod; Blue cod)

Synonyms: Oplopoma pantherina
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Wikipedia Abstract

The lingcod or ling cod (Ophiodon elongatus), also known as the buffalo cod or cultus cod, is a fish of the greenling family Hexagrammidae. It is the only extant member of the genus Ophiodon. A slightly larger, extinct species, Ophiodon ozymandias, is known from fossils from the Late Miocene of Southern California.Ophiodon elongatus is native to the North American west coast from Shumagin Islands in the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California, Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Ophiodon elongatus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  71.66 lbs (32.51 kg)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (rock cavity)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Maximum Longevity [4]  20 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Alloclinus holderi (Island kelpfish)[5]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[5]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[6]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[5]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[5]
Aulorhynchus flavidus (Tube-snout)[5]
Brachyistius frenatus (Brown sea-perch)[5]
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)[5]
Chromis punctipinnis (Blacksmith chromis)[5]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[7]
Citharichthys stigmaeus (Speckled sanddab)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[6]
Cymatogaster aggregata (Shiner)[5]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[8]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[7]
Enteroctopus dofleini (North Pacific giant octopus)[5]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[5]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Gibbonsia montereyensis (scarlet kelpfish)[5]
Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Red Irish lord)[7]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[7]
Hyperprosopon argenteum (Walleye seaperch)[5]
Hypsurus caryi (Rainbow surfperch)[5]
Leiocottus hirundo (Lavender sculpin)[5]
Lythrypnus dalli (Catalina goby)[5]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[5]
Medialuna californiensis (Halfmoon)[5]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[6]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[7]
Octopus bimaculatus (california two-spot octopus)[6]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[5]
Orthonopias triacis (Snubnose sculpin)[5]
Oxyjulis californica (senorita)[5]
Oxylebius pictus (Convict fish)[5]
Parophrys vetulus (English sole)[7]
Platichthys stellatus (Starry flounder)[7]
Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Blackeye goby)[5]
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)[7]
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)[5]
Sebastes atrovirens (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes auriculatus (Bolina)[5]
Sebastes carnatus (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[5]
Sebastes chrysomelas (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)[6]
Sebastes mystinus (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes paucispinis (Bocaccio)[5]
Sebastes saxicola (Stripetail rockfish)[7]
Sebastes serranoides (Rockfish)[5]
Sebastes serriceps (Treefish)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Urophycis cirrata (Hake)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)2
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)2
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)3
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)1
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)1
Eopsetta jordani (Petrale sole)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Larus californicus (California Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)1
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)2
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)2
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)3
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)2
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Sarda chiliensis (bonite du pacifique oriental)1
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)2
Sebastes goodei (Rockfish)1
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)3

Predators

Anotopterus nikparini (North Pacific daggertooth)[5]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[5]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[5]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[5]
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)[5]
Eptatretus stoutii (Pacific hagfish)[5]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[5]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[5]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[9]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[7]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[5]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[5]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]
Paralichthys californicus (Halibut)[5]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[5]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[5]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[10]
Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Cassin's Auklet)[5]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[7]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[5]
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)[5]
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[5]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cucullanus elongatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Grillotia erinaceus[11]
Grillotia heptanchi[11]
Hysterothylacium magnum <Unverified Name>[11]
Lecithaster gibbosus[11]
Lecithochirium exodicum <Unverified Name>[11]
Nybelinia surmenicola[11]
Parahemiurus merus[11]
Podocotyle theragrae <Unverified Name>[11]
Prosorhynchus apertus[11]
Rhipidocotyle elongata[5]
Stephanostomum tristephanum[11]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[11]
Udonella ophiodontis[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Alaska (USA); California Current; Canada; Gulf of Alaska; Gulf of California; Mexico; Northeast Pacific: Shumagin Islands in the western Gulf of Alaska to Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. Possibly occurring in the Bering Sea (Ref. 6793).; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Tinus, Craig A. (2012) Prey preference of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus), a top marine predator: implications for ecosystem-based fisheries management. Fishery Bulletin, 110(2), pp. 193-204. 7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 9Feeding Habits of the Dungeness Crab Cancer magister as Determined by the Index of Relative Importance, B. G. Stevens, D. A. Armstrong and R. Cusimano, Marine Biology 72, 135-145 (1982) 10Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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