Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Perca > Perca fluviatilis
 

Perca fluviatilis (River perch; Redfin perch; Redfin; Reddie; Perch; European perch; Eurasian perch; English perch)

Synonyms: Perca fluviatilis aurea; Perca fluviatilis intermedius; Perca fluviatilis macedonica; Perca fluviatilis zaissanica; Perca fluviatilus; Perca helvetica; Perca italica; Perca vulgaris
Language: Albanian; Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Kirghiz; Latvian; Lithuanian; Macedonian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

Perca fluviatilis, commonly known as the European perch, perch, redfin perch or English perch, is a predatory species of perch found in Europe and northern Asia. The species is a popular quarry for anglers, and has been widely introduced beyond its native area, into Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Perca fluviatilis

Invasive Species

Perca fluviatilis (perch) are a widespread species of predatory freshwater fish that are prized for angling. Their natural range is throughout much of Europe, but they have been introduced to a number of countries around the world as a sport fish. The effect of Perca fluviatilis on native aquatic fauna has lead to it being designated as invasive in many locations.
View ISSG Record: Perca fluviatilis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.76 lbs (2.61 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 3 months
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Northern British Isles Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Southern Baltic Lowlands Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda 408 Italy  
Dolina Bialki 1769 Poland  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Glen Tanar 10329 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isola Maria Luigia 1374 Italy  
Lanca di Gussola 376 Italy  
Meisino (confluenza Po - Stura) 605 Italy  
Nene Washes 218 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Ouse Washes 769 England, United Kingdom
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po 2241 Italy  
Po di Corte S. Andrea 334 Italy  
Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po 719 Italy  
Po di Pieve Porto Morone 82 Italy  
Po di San Rocco al Porto 326 Italy  
Portholme 227 England, United Kingdom  
Przywidz 2355 Poland  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti 741 Italy  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid 3234 England/Wales, United Kingdom
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
Senna Lodigiana 808 Italy  
Skärjån 289 Sweden  
Spinadesco 2567 Italy  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  

Emblem of

Finland

Prey / Diet

Acroperus harpae[3]
Alona affinis[3]
Alona guttata[3]
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Asellus aquaticus (waterlouse)[3]
Bosmina longirostris[3]
Chydorus sphaericus[3]
Coregonus albula (European whitefish)[3]
Crangonyx pseudogracilis (northern river crangonyctid)[3]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[3]
Daphnia longispina[3]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[3]
Esox lucius (Jack)[3]
Eurycercus lamellatus[3]
Eurytemora affinis[3]
Gammarus locusta[3]
Gammarus pulex[3]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[4]
Gymnocephalus cernua (Ruffe)[3]
Idotea chelipes (brakwaterpissebed)[5]
Keratella cochlearis[3]
Keratella quadrata[3]
Neomysis integer[3]
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)[3]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[3]
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)[3]
Phoxinus phoxinus (Minnow)[3]
Picripleuroxus denticulatus[3]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Pleuroxus aduncus[3]
Pleuroxus uncinatus[3]
Polyphemus pediculus[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[3]
Pseudochydorus globosus[3]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[5]
Saduria entomon[4]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[3]
Scapholeberis mucronata[3]
Sida crystallina[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Neogobius fluviatilis (Sand goby)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Nerophis ophidion (Straight-nosed pipe-fish)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)1
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1

Predators

Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Esox lucius (Jack)[3]
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)[6]
Lophodytes cucullatus (Hooded Merganser)[3]
Maccullochella peelii (Murray cod)[3]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[7]
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (Great Cormorant)[8]
Pusa hispida saimensis (Saimaa seal)[9]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[10]
Silurus glanis (Danubian wels)[3]
Thymallus thymallus (Grayling)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[11]
Acanthocephalus clavula[11]
Acanthocephalus lucii[11]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[11]
Ancyrocephalus cruciatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Ancyrocephalus paradoxus[11]
Ancyrocephalus percae <Unverified Name>[11]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[11]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[11]
Apatemon annuligerum <Unverified Name>[11]
Apatemon cobitidis <Unverified Name>[11]
Apatemon gracilis[11]
Apophallus donicus[11]
Apophallus muehlingi[11]
Ascaris truncatula <Unverified Name>[11]
Ascaris velocissima <Unverified Name>[11]
Asymphylodora demeli[11]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[11]
Azygia lucii[11]
Bolbophorus confusus[11]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[11]
Brachyphallus crenatus[11]
Bucephalus markewitschi <Unverified Name>[11]
Bucephalus polymorphus[11]
Bunocotyle cingulata[11]
Bunodera luciopercae[11]
Camallanus cotti <Unverified Name>[11]
Camallanus lacustris[11]
Camallanus truncatus[11]
Capillaria acerinae <Unverified Name>[11]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[11]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[11]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[11]
Corynosoma semerme[11]
Corynosoma strumosum[11]
Cotylurus pileatus[11]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[11]
Cotylurus variegatus[11]
Crepidostomum baicalense <Unverified Name>[11]
Crepidostomum farionis[11]
Crepidostomum metoecus[11]
Crowcrocaecum skrjabini[11]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[11]
Dactylogyrus amphibothrium <Unverified Name>[11]
Dactylogyrus hemiamphibothrium <Unverified Name>[11]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[11]
Dioctophyme renale[11]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[11]
Diphyllobothrium latum[11]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomulum clavula <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum baeri[11]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[11]
Diplostomum clavatum[11]
Diplostomum gasterostei[11]
Diplostomum helveticum[11]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum nordmanni[11]
Diplostomum numericum <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[11]
Diplostomum parviventosum <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum pseudobaeri <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum pungitii <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum rutili[11]
Diplostomum spathaceum[11]
Diplostomum volvens[11]
Diplozoon paradoxum[11]
Echinorhynchus gadi[11]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[11]
Eubothrium crassum[11]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[11]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[11]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[11]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[11]
Gnathostoma hispidum <Unverified Name>[11]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[11]
Gyrodactylus cernuae <Unverified Name>[11]
Gyrodactylus elegans[11]
Gyrodactylus gasterostei <Unverified Name>[11]
Gyrodactylus longiradix <Unverified Name>[11]
Gyrodactylus lucii <Unverified Name>[11]
Gyrodactylus luciopercae[11]
Gyrodactylus medius[11]
Gyrodactylus rarus[11]
Hepaticola petruschewskii[11]
Ichthyobronema conoura <Unverified Name>[11]
Ichthyocotylurus metacercaria <Unverified Name>[11]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[11]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[11]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[11]
Ligula intestinalis[11]
Macvicaria alacris[11]
Metagonimus yokogawai[11]
Neascus brevicaudatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Neoechinorhynchus crassus[11]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[11]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[11]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[11]
Nicolla testiobliqua <Unverified Name>[11]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Paraquimperia tenerrima <Unverified Name>[11]
Paratenuisentis ambiguus[11]
Philometra obturans <Unverified Name>[11]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[11]
Phyllodistomum folium[11]
Phyllodistomum pseudofolium <Unverified Name>[11]
Podocotyle atomon[11]
Podocotyle reflexa[11]
Polymorphus phippsi[11]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[11]
Porrocaecum semiteres <Unverified Name>[11]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[11]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[11]
Proteocephalus cernuae <Unverified Name>[11]
Proteocephalus dubius <Unverified Name>[11]
Proteocephalus esocis <Unverified Name>[11]
Proteocephalus exiguus[11]
Proteocephalus filicollis[11]
Proteocephalus longicollis[11]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[11]
Proteocephalus ocellatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Proteocephalus percae[11]
Proteocephalus torulosus[11]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[11]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[11]
Rhabdochona denudata[11]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[11]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[11]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[11]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[11]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[11]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[11]
Tetracotyle variegatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Thominx petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[11]
Triaenophorus crassus[11]
Triaenophorus lucii <Unverified Name>[11]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[11]
Triaenophorus procerus <Unverified Name>[11]
Triaenophorus tricuspidatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Triangula percae <Unverified Name>[12]
Tylodelphys clavata[11]
Tylodelphys podicipina[11]
Valipora campylancristrota <Unverified Name>[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Zürich

Distribution

Afghanistan; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Amudar'ya; Amur; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Australian; Austria; Azerbaijan; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bosten Lake; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Ethiopian; Eurasia: throughtout Europe to northernmost extremity of Scandinavia, except Iberian Peninsula, central Italy, and Adriatic basin; Aegean Sea basin in Matriza and from Struma to Aliakmon drainages; Aral Sea basin; Siberia in rivers draining the Arctic Ocean eastward to Kolyma. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kolyma; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Morocco; Murray-Darling; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tarim; Throughout Europe and Siberia to Kolyma River, but not in Spain or Italy; widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Reported from Greece (Ref. 42629).; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Lappalainen, A., M. Rask, H. Koponen & S. Vesala, 2001. Relative abundance, diet and growth of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus) at Tvärminne, northern Baltic Sea, in 1975 and 1997: responses to eutrophication? Boreal Env. Res. 6: 107–118 5The role of small fish species in eelgrass food webs of the Baltic Sea, Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Ivo Christian Bobsien, 2006 6Biology and Diet of the White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Breeding in Northern Inland New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2008, 25, 165–193 7"Breeding Behaviour and Ecology of the Australian Pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus, in New South Wales.", WJM Vestjens, Australian Wildlife Research 4(1) 37 - 58 (1977) 8Diet of the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) at the Juodkrantė colony, lithuania, Žilvinas PŪtyS, Jūratė Zarankaite, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2010, Volumen 20, Numerus 3, p. 179-189 9The diet of the Saimaa ringed seal Phoca hispida saimensis, Mervi KUNNASRANTA, Heikki HYVÄRINEN, Tero SIPILÄ and Jouni T. KOSKELA, Acta Theriologica 44 (4): 443^450, 1999. 10Dietary importance of various prey fishes for pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) in large shallow lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), Peeter Kangur, Andu Kangur, and Külli Kangur, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol., 2007, 56, 2, 154-167 11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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