Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Scombridae > Scomber > Scomber scombrus
 

Scomber scombrus (Split; Mackerel; Joey; Atlantic mackerel)

Synonyms: Scomber glauciscus; Scomber scomber; Scomber scriptus; Scomber vernalis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus), is a pelagic schooling species of mackerel found on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean. The species is also called Boston mackerel, or just mackerel.The Atlantic Mackerel is by far the most common of the ten species of the family that are caught in British waters.
View Wikipedia Record: Scomber scombrus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.12 lbs (1.87 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Maximum Longevity [2]  17 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[4]
Acartia longiremis[4]
Aetideopsis armata[4]
Aglantha digitale (Pink helmet)[4]
Alloteuthis subulata (European Common Squid)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel)[4]
Amphogona apicata[4]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[4]
Anomalocera patersoni[4]
Apherusa glacialis[4]
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)[4]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[4]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[4]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[4]
Bradyidius armatus[4]
Calanus finmarchicus[4]
Calanus glacialis[4]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[4]
Calocaris macandreae[4]
Candacia armata[4]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[4]
Centropages hamatus[4]
Centropages typicus[4]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Corycaeus anglicus[4]
Crangon allmanni[4]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[4]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[4]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Euphausia americana[4]
Euphausia krohni[5]
Evadne nordmanni[4]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[4]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gammarus annulatus[5]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[4]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[4]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Hippolyte varians[4]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[4]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[4]
Leptomysis gracilis[4]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[4]
Limacina retroversa (retrovert pteropod)[4]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[4]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[4]
Lithodes maja (Norway king crab)[4]
Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]
Marthasterias glacialis (Spiny starfish)[4]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[4]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[5]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Metridia longa[4]
Metridia lucens[4]
Microcalanus pusillus[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Microsetella norvegica[4]
Neocalanus tonsus[4]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[5]
Nereis pelagica (gewone zeeduizendpoot)[4]
Nyctiphanes couchi[4]
Oikopleura dioica[4]
Oithona helgolandica[4]
Ophiura ophiura (serpent star)[4]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[4]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[4]
Paracalanus parvus[4]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[5]
Parathemisto oblivia[4]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[4]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[4]
Porcellana sayana (spotted porcelain crab)[4]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Pseudocalanus minutus[4]
Pseudocuma longicorne[4]
Pteroctopus tetracirrhus (fourhorn octopus)[4]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[4]
Sagitta bipunctata[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[6]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[4]
Spratelloides robustus (Blue sardine)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Syngnathus rostellatus (Lesser pipefish)[4]
Taurulus bubalis (longspined sea scorpion)[4]
Temora longicornis[4]
Themisto abyssorum[4]
Themisto gaudichaudii[5]
Themisto libellula[4]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)2
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)3
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)1
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)1
Clupea harengus (Yawling)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hoplostethus mediterraneus (Mediterranean redfish)1
Hygophum taaningi (Lanternfish)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)2
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Metelectrona herwigi (Herwig lanternfish)1
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Nannobrachium achirus (Lantern fish)1
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)3
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1
Serranus cabrilla (Learned rockfich)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)2
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)2
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Predators

Alopias pelagicus (Fox shark)[4]
Alopias superciliosus (Whiptail)[5]
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)[4]
Aphanopus carbo (Cutlassfish)[4]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[7]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[4]
Belone belone (Garfish)[4]
Conger conger (Conger)[4]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[8]
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)[9]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[10]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Fregata minor (Great Frigatebird)[4]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[4]
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)[11]
Gygis alba (White Tern)[4]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[4]
Huso huso (Beluga)[4]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[4]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[12]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[4]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[4]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[4]
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[13]
Lampetra fluviatilis (freshwater lamprey)[4]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[4]
Leucoraja fullonica (Shagreen ray)[4]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[4]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[4]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[4]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[4]
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)[14]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[4]
Molva molva (Ling)[4]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[15]
Mustelus asterias (Stellate smooth-hound)[4]
Mustelus mustelus (Sweet William)[4]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[4]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[4]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[16]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[4]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[4]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[5]
Puffinus pacificus (Wedge-tailed Shearwater)[4]
Raja clavata (Roker)[17]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[4]
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)[4]
Thalasseus maximus (Royal Tern)[4]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[18]
Torpedo nobiliana (Atlantic electric ray)[4]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[4]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocolpoides guevarai <Unverified Name>[19]
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[19]
Anisakis simplex[19]
Aponurus laguncula[19]
Ascaris capsularia <Unverified Name>[19]
Ascaris papilligera <Unverified Name>[19]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[19]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[19]
Brachyphallus crenatus[19]
Brachyphallus musculus <Unverified Name>[19]
Bucephalopsis arcuata <Unverified Name>[19]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[19]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[19]
Contracaecum pedum <Unverified Name>[19]
Contracaecum scombricum <Unverified Name>[19]
Cryptocotyle lingua[19]
Cystoopsis scomber <Unverified Name>[19]
Derogenes varicus[19]
Didymodiclinus faciale <Unverified Name>[19]
Didymodiclinus facialis[19]
Didymozoon scombri <Unverified Name>[19]
Dollfusentis chandleri[19]
Echinorhynchus gadi[19]
Eustoma rotundatum <Unverified Name>[19]
Grillotia erinaceus[19]
Grillotia minuta[19]
Grillotia smarisgora[19]
Grillotiella exile[4]
Grubea cochlear[19]
Halvorsenius exilis[19]
Helicometra fasciata[19]
Hemiurus appendiculatus[19]
Hemiurus luehei[19]
Hemiurus rugosus <Unverified Name>[19]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[19]
Hysterothylacium gadi <Unverified Name>[19]
Hysterothylacium papilligerum <Unverified Name>[19]
Koellikeria filicollis[4]
Kuhnia scombri[19]
Kuhnia sprostonae[19]
Lacistorhynchus bulbifer <Unverified Name>[19]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[19]
Lecithaster confusus[19]
Lecithaster gibbosus[19]
Lecithochirium caudiporum <Unverified Name>[19]
Lecithochirium musculus[4]
Lecithocladium excisum[19]
Lecithocladium gulosum <Unverified Name>[19]
Lepidapedon elongatum[19]
Nematobothrium robustum[19]
Nematobothrium scombri[4]
Nematobothrium scombrii[19]
Nybelinia lingualis[19]
Octocotyle scombri <Unverified Name>[19]
Oncophora melanocephala[19]
Opechona bacillaris[19]
Opechona orientalis[19]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[19]
Paranematobothrium triplovitellatum <Unverified Name>[19]
Pleurocotyle scombri <Unverified Name>[19]
Podocotyle atomon[19]
Podocotyle reflexa[19]
Prodistomum orientalis[19]
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus[4]
Pseudokuhnia minor[19]
Rhadinorhynchus lintoni[19]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[19]
Rhynchobothrium longispine <Unverified Name>[19]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[19]
Synaptobothrium caudiporum[19]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[19]
Tergestia acanthocephala[19]
Tergestia laticollis[19]
Tetrabothriorhynchus scombri <Unverified Name>[19]
Thynnascaris adunca[19]
Unitubulotestis pelamydis[19]
Wardula capitellata[19]
Wedlia filicollis <Unverified Name>[19]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Biodome de Montreal
London Aquarium
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canada; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Latvia; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Atlantic.; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 6Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 7Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 8DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998 9Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006) 10Intraspecific dietary variation in the short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis in the Bay of Biscay: importance of fat fish, Laureline Meynier, Claire Pusineri, Jérôme Spitz, M. Begoña Santos, Graham J. Pierce, Vincent Ridoux, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Vol. 354: 277–287, 2008 11STOMACH CONTENTS OF LONG-FINNED PILOT WHALES (GLOBICEPHALA MELAS) STRANDED ON THE U.S. MID-ATLANTIC COAST, Damon P. Gannon, Andrew J. Read, James E. Craddock, James G. Mead, MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 13(3):405-418 (July 1997) 12CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 13Analysis of stomach contents of the porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus Bonnaterre) in the northwest Atlantic, W. N. Joyce, S. E. Campana, L. J. Natanson, N. E. Kohler, H. L. Pratt Jr, and C. F. Jensen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1263–1269. 2002 14Diet of the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, off the south coast of Portugal, Pedro Veiga, José Xavier, Carlos Assis and Karim Erzini 15Annual variation in diets, feeding locations and foraging behaviour of gannets in the North Sea: flexibility, consistency and constraint, K. C. Hamer, E. M. Humphreys, S. Garthe, J. Hennicke, G. Peters, D. Grémillet, R. A. Phillips, M. P. Harris, S. Wanless, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 338: 295–305, 2007 16THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390 17Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006) 18Differences in diet of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) at five seasonal feeding grounds on the New England continental shelf, Bradford C. Chase, Fishery Bulletin 100 no2 168-80 Ap 2002 19Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access