Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Xiphiidae > Xiphias > Xiphias gladius
 

Xiphias gladius (Swordfish; Sword fish; Broad-bill sword-fish; Broadbill swordfish; Broadbill; Marlín; Sword-fish)

Synonyms: Phaethonichthys tuberculatus; Tetrapterus imperator; Xiphasia gladius; Xiphias estara; Xiphias gladius estara; Xiphias imperator; Xiphias rondeletii; Xiphias rondeletti; Xiphias thermaicus; Xyphias gladius
Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Bikol; Catalan; Cebuano; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Estonian; Ewe; Faroese; Fijian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Hebrew; Hiligaynon; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Kiribati; Korean; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mahl; Makassarese; Malay; Malayalam; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Marshallese; Niuean; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Sinhalese; Slovenian; Somali; Spanish; Swahili; Swedish; Tahitian; Tuamotuan; Turkish; Tuvaluan; Vietnamese; Visayan

Wikipedia Abstract

Swordfish (Xiphias gladius; from Greek ξίφος: sword, and Latin gladius: sword), also known as broadbills in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill. They are a popular sport fish of the billfish category, though elusive. Swordfish are elongated, round-bodied, and lose all teeth and scales by adulthood.
View Wikipedia Record: Xiphias gladius

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous
Speed [2]  60.26 MPH (26.94 m/s)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)[3]
Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (sharpear enope squid)[4]
Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[4]
Architeuthis martensi <Unverified Name>[4]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[5]
Argonauta argo (greater argonaut)[4]
Belone belone (Garfish)[5]
Brama brama (Ray's bream)[6]
Brama orcini (Bigbelly pomfret)[3]
Canthidermis maculata (Ocean triggerfish)[6]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Cubiceps baxteri (Black cigarfish)[3]
Cubiceps gracilis (Longfin cigarfish)[5]
Cubiceps pauciradiatus (Bigeye cigarfish)[6]
Diretmichthys parini (greater diretmid)[6]
Diretmus argenteus (discfish)[6]
Doryteuthis gahi[5]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[5]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[7]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[5]
Funchalia taaningi[6]
Funchalia woodwardi[5]
Galiteuthis armata (armed cranch squid)[5]
Gempylus serpens (Snack mackerel)[6]
Heteroteuthis dispar (odd bobtail squid)[4]
Histioteuthis bonnellii (umbrella squid)[4]
Histioteuthis heteropsis[5]
Histioteuthis reversa (Reverse Jewell Squid)[4]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[4]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[4]
Lampadena luminosa (Luminous lanternfish)[6]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[5]
Lepidopus fitchi (Black scabbardfish)[5]
Lestidiops affinis (Barracudina)[5]
Lobianchia gemellarii (Lanternfish)[5]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[5]
Macroparalepis affinis (Barracudina)[5]
Magnisudis atlantica (Barracudina)[6]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[8]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[5]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Microstoma microstoma (Slender smallmouth)[5]
Myctophum punctatum (spotted laternfish)[5]
Notoscopelus kroyeri (Lanternfish)[5]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[9]
Octopus rubescens (East Pacific red octopus)[5]
Ocythoe tuberculata (Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus)[4]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[4]
Onychoteuthis aequimanus[5]
Ornithoteuthis volatilis (shiny bird squid)[6]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[8]
Pholidoteuthis massyae[5]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[8]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[7]
Sardinella aurita (Alache)[7]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[5]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[5]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[5]
Scopelarchus analis (Blackbelly pearleye)[6]
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)[8]
Sebastes norvegicus (Golden redfish)[5]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[4]
Spirula spirula (ram's horn squid)[4]
Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (purpleback squid)[6]
Sthenoteuthis pteropus (orangeback squid)[4]
Stigmatoteuthis dofleini[5]
Teuthowenia megalops (Atlantic cranch squid)[4]
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)[5]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[4]
Todarodes filippovae (Antarctic flying squid)[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[4]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[4]
Trachipterus altivelis (Pacific king-of-salmon)[5]
Trachurus murphyi (Southern jack mackerel)[5]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[5]
Vampyroteuthis infernalis (vampire squid)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)8
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)2
Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal)3
Beryx splendens (Alfonsin)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)3
Centroscymnus coelolepis (Portuguese shark)4
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)14
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)3
Gadus morhua (rock cod)3
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)6
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)8
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Hyperoodon ampullatus (Northern Bottlenose Whale)5
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)2
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)7
Kajikia albida (Marlin)3
Kajikia audax (Stripey)2
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)2
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)2
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)2
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)2
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)2
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)2
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)8
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)4
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)13
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)2
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)2
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)2
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)2
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)4
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)2
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)2
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)7
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)7
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)3
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)3
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)2
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)8
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)11
Thunnus maccoyii (Tunny)4
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)6
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)8
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)2
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)5

Predators

Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[5]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[5]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[10]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[8]
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)[5]
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)[5]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[5]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[11]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[11]
Anisakis simplex[11]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[11]
Bothriocephalus claviger <Unverified Name>[11]
Bothriocephalus manubriformis[11]
Bothriocephalus plicatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Capsaloides cornutus[11]
Capsaloides magnaspinosus[11]
Ceratobothrium xanthocephalum[11]
Crenatobronema guenteri <Unverified Name>[11]
Dasyrhynchus giganteus[11]
Dasyrhynchus varioucinatus[5]
Dasyrhynchus variouncinatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Didymocystis xiphiados[11]
Dinurus scombri[11]
Ectenurus lepidocybii[11]
Fistulicola plicatus[11]
Floriceps saccatus[11]
Grillotia erinaceus[11]
Gymnorhynchus gigas[11]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[11]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[11]
Hirudinella ventricosa[11]
Huffmanela paronai <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysterothylacium corrugatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysterothylacium hanumantharoi <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysterothylacium incurvum <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysterothylacium petteri <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysterothylacium reliquens <Unverified Name>[11]
Maccallumtrema xiphiados <Unverified Name>[11]
Maricostula incurva <Unverified Name>[11]
Metadidymozoon branchiale <Unverified Name>[11]
Molicola horridus[11]
Molicola uncinatus[11]
Neodidymozoon macrostoma <Unverified Name>[11]
Nybelinia lamonteae <Unverified Name>[11]
Nybelinia lingualis[11]
Oncophora melanocephala[11]
Opisthadena dimidia[11]
Otobothrium cysticum[11]
Otobothrium dipsacus[11]
Paranisakis multipapillus <Unverified Name>[11]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[11]
Phyllobothrium delphini[11]
Porrocaecum caballeroi <Unverified Name>[11]
Pseudotobothrium dipsacum[11]
Reniforma multilobularis[5]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[11]
Rhynchobothrium ambiguum <Unverified Name>[11]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[11]
Sphyriocephalus tergestinus[11]
Sphyriocephalus viridis[11]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[11]
Thynnascaris hanumantharaoi <Unverified Name>[11]
Tristoma adcoccineum[11]
Tristoma adintegrum[11]
Tristoma coccineum[11]
Tristoma integrum[11]
Tristoma papillosum[11]
Tristomella laevis[11]
Tristomella pricei[11]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; American Samoa; Angola; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref.; Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139). Mt DNA restriction analysis reveal that genetic differentiation occurs between populations inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea and the tropical Atlantic ocean, indicating little genetic exchange occurring between the two (Ref. 12784).; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Baltic Sea; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Bulgaria; California Current; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Davao Gulf; Denmark; Djibouti; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Eritrea; Estonia; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Grenada; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Juan Fernández Islands; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Latvia; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lingayen Gulf; Lithuania; Madagascar; Maldives; Malta; Marquesas Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Netherlands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oman; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Panama; Panguil Bay; Papua New Guinea; Patagonian Shelf; Peng-hu Island; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Poland; Polynesian Waters; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Romania; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Helena; Samoa; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast Australian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tasman Sea; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia, Jock W. Young, Matt J. Lansdell, Robert A. Campbell, Scott P. Cooper, Francis Juanes, Michaela A. Guest, Mar Biol (2010) 157:2347–2368
4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Forage fauna in the diet of three large pelagic fishes (lancetfish, swordfish and yellowfin tuna) in the western equatorial Indian Ocean, Michel Potier, Francis Marsac, Yves Cherel, Vincent Lucas, Richard Sabatié, Olivier Maury and Frédéric Ménard, Fisheries Research 83 (2007) 60–72
7Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
8Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
9Ecology of the Arrow Squid (Nototodarus gouldi) in Southeastern Australian Waters - A Multi-Scale Investigation of Spatial and Temporal Variability, Kathryn Emily Stark, Submitted for Doctor of Philosophy, University of Tasmania, 2008
10BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access