Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Acipenseriformes > Acipenseridae > Acipenser > Acipenser sturio
 

Acipenser sturio (Sturgeon; Sea sturgeon; European sturgeon; Common sturgeon; Baltic sturgeon; Atlantic sturgeon)

Synonyms: Accipenser sturio; Acipenser attilus; Acipenser ducissae; Acipenser europaeus; Acipenser fitzingeri; Acipenser fitzingerii; Acipenser hospitus; Acipenser laevissimus; Acipenser latirostris; Acipenser milberti; Acipenser nehelae; Acipenser podapos; Acipenser sturioides; Acipenser valenciennii; Acipenser yarrellii; Arcipenser sturio; Sturio vulgaris
Language: Albanian; Basque; Breton; Bulgarian; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Latvian; Lithuanian; Lituanian; Macedonian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The European sea sturgeon (Acipenser sturio), also known as the Atlantic sturgeon, Baltic sturgeon or common sturgeon, is a species of sturgeon found on most coasts of Europe. It is currently a critically endangered species. The wedge-shaped head of this sturgeon ends in a long point. There are many sensitive barbels on the facial area. The dorsal fins are located very far back on the body. Five longitudinal lines of large osseous plates are found on the body of the fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Acipenser sturio

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acipenser sturio

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  485.02 lbs (220.00 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  12 years 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  9 years 6 months
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Maximum Longevity [3]  100 years
Migration [4]  Anadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
SPA Pommersche Bucht 495241 Germany    
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus clavula[5]
Amphilina foliacea[5]
Ascarophis ovotrichuria <Unverified Name>[5]
Bothrimonus fallax[5]
Bothrimonus sturionis[5]
Capillaria tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillospirura argumentosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum bidentatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Corynosoma semerme[5]
Crepidostomum auriculatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cucullanus sphaerocephalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyclozona acipenserina <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystoopsis acipenseris <Unverified Name>[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Deropristis hispida[5]
Diclybothrium armatum[5]
Echinorhynchus gadi[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Eubothrium acipenserinum[5]
Galactosomum lacteum[5]
Hysterothylacium bidentatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Leptorhynchoides plagicephalus[5]
Nitzschia elongata[5]
Nitzschia sturionis[5]
Philometra acipenseris <Unverified Name>[5]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[5]
Pristicola sturionis[5]
Rhabdochona acuminata <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinopsolus acipenseris <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinopsolus semiarmatus[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[5]
Truttaedacnitis sphaerocephala <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ouwehand Zoo
Rotterdam Zoo

Range Map

Link to Map
Aegean Sea; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Algeria; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canary Current; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dordogne; Eastern Atlantic: North and White Seas, European coasts of Atlantic, northern Mediterranean eastward to Rhodos, western and southern Black Sea, Occasionally recorded from Iceland, Morocco and Algeria. Anadromous, in most large rivers, but not recorded from Danube upriver of delta. Today restricted to Garonne drainage in France (Ref. 59043). Recent DNA studies using museum specimens revealed that this species co-exists with <i>A. naccarii</i> from the Adriatic Sea to the Iberian Peninsula (Ref. 52173). Several DNA sequence differences were found between individuals of the species from the Gironde River population and from the North and Baltic Seas showing that different populations of <i>A. sturio</i> are genetically divergent (Ref. 82476). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). International trade banned (<b>CITES</b> I, since 29.7.83; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II).; Eastern Atlantic: Only in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin in France and in the Rioni basin in Georgia (Ref. 26160). During its sea phase distributed in the northeast Atlantic Ocean from Bay of Biscay to Scandinavia, the northern coasts of the Mediter; Eastern Atlantic: Only in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne basin in France and in the Rioni basin in Georgia (Ref. 26160). During its sea phase distributed in the northeast Atlantic Ocean from Bay of Biscay to Scandinavia, the northern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, Morocco and the Black Sea (Ref. 3397, Ref. 26160, Ref. 51346) Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Previously widely distributed along all the European coasts (Ref. 26334, Ref. 51439). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). International trade banned (<b>CITES</b> I, since 29.7.83; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II). Found in Lakes Onega and Ladoga (Ref. 42845). Recent DNA studies using museum specimens revealed that this species co-exists with <i>A. naccarii</i> from the Adriatic Sea to the Iberian Peninsula (Ref. 52173). Several DNA sequence differences were found between individuals of the species from the Gironde River population and from the North and Baltic Seas showing that different populations of <i>A. sturio</i> are genetically divergent (Ref. 82476).; Egypt; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Garonne; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Latvia; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Loire; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Version 2014.1. www.iucnredlist.org
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011