Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Anarhichadidae > Anarhichas > Anarhichas lupus
 

Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish; Wolf-fish; Ocean whitefish; Cat-fish; Catfish; Atlantic wolffish; Sea-cat)

Synonyms: Anarhichas lupus lupus; Anarhichas lupus marisalbi; Anarhichas strigosus; Anarhichas vomerinus; Anarrhicas vomerinus; Anarrhichas vomerinus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus), also known as the seawolf, Atlantic catfish, ocean catfish, devil fish, wolf eel (the common name for its Pacific relative), woof or sea cat, is a marine fish, the largest of the wolffish family Anarhichadidae. The numbers of the Atlantic wolffish are rapidly being depleted, most likely due to overfishing and bycatch, and is currently a Species of Concern according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service.
View Wikipedia Record: Anarhichas lupus

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Aequipecten opercularis (Scallop)[2]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[2]
Aphrodita hastata[2]
Astropecten articulatus (royal sea star)[2]
Atelecyclus rotundatus (circular crab)[2]
Buccinum humphreysianum (Whelk)[3]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[2]
Calanus finmarchicus[2]
Calanus glacialis[2]
Calanus hyperboreus[2]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[2]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[2]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[4]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[2]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[2]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[5]
Chlamys islandica (Iceland scallop)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Ctenodiscus crispatus (Mud star)[2]
Dosinia lupinus (smooth artemis)[2]
Echinarachnius parma (common sand dollar)[5]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[2]
Ensis siliqua (Sword razor)[2]
Euspira catena (Chained moon-shell)[2]
Euspira nitida (common necklace shell)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Hyas araneus (Atlantic lyre crab)[2]
Hyas coarctatus (Arctic lyre crab)[2]
Lithodes maja (Norway king crab)[2]
Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)[2]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[2]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Microsetella norvegica[2]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[2]
Ocenebra erinaceus (European sting winkle)[2]
Ophiacantha bidentata[2]
Ophiothrix fragilis (common brittlestar)[2]
Ophiura ophiura (serpent star)[2]
Ophiura sarsii[4]
Pagurus arcuatus (Hairy hermit crab)[2]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[2]
Pagurus longicarpus (longwrist hermit)[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[4]
Pontophilus norvegicus (Norwegian shrimp)[2]
Sabinea septemcarinata (sevenline shrimp)[2]
Themisto abyssorum[2]
Thysanoessa inermis[2]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[2]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[2]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[2]
Turritella exoleta (eastern turretsnail)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)3
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)3
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)2
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)4
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)3
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)4
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Hoplostethus mediterraneus (Mediterranean redfish)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)4
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Myliobatis freminvillei (Blue-nosed ray)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)1
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)3
Pollachius virens (Sillock)2
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)1
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)2
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Somateria spectabilis (King Eider)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)2
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)2

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[2]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[2]
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)[2]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[2]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[2]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[2]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[2]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[2]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Ascarophis morrhuae <Unverified Name>[6]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[6]
Brachyenteron pycnorganum[6]
Caudotestis nicolli[6]
Derogenes varicus[6]
Diplocotyle olrikii[6]
Echinorhynchus gadi[6]
Fellodistomum agnotum[6]
Fellodistomum fellis[6]
Genolinea laticauda[6]
Gonocerca phycidis[6]
Grillotia erinaceus[6]
Gyrodactylus anarhichatis[6]
Gyrodactylus errabundus[6]
Gyrodactylus microanchoratus[6]
Helicometra plovmornini[6]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[6]
Lecithaster gibbosus[6]
Lepidophyllum steenstrupi[6]
Neophasis anarrhichae[6]
Neophasis pusilla[6]
Peracreadium idoneum[6]
Podocotyle atomon[6]
Podocotyle reflexa[6]
Progonus muelleri[6]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]
Pseudozoogonoides subaequiporus[6]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[6]
Steringophorus furciger[6]
Zoogonoides viviparus[6]
Zoogonus rubellus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
Bristol Zoo Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; England and Wales (UK); Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachu; Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Aggregation of whelks, Buccinum undatum, near feeding predators: the role of reproductive requirements, Rémy Rochette, Françoise Tétreault and John H. Himmelman, ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2001, 61, 31–41
4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
5Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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