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Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii, is a species of the herring family associated with the Pacific Ocean environment of North America and northeast Asia. It is a silvery fish with unspined fins and a deeply forked caudal fin. The distribution is widely along the California coast from Baja California north to Alaska and the Bering Sea; in Asia the distribution is south to Japan.
View Wikipedia Record: Clupea pallasii

Infraspecies

Clupea pallasii marisalbi (White Sea herring)
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)
Clupea pallasii suworowi (Chosa herring)

Attributes

Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  19 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Centropages abdominalis[4]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[4]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[4]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[4]
Metridia okhotensis[4]
Metridia pacifica[4]
Platichthys stellatus (Starry flounder)[4]
Primno macropa[4]
Ronquilus jordani (Ronquil)[4]
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)[4]
Thaleichthys pacificus (Candlefish)[4]
Themisto pacifica[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Thysanoessa spinifera[4]

Predators

Acanthopsetta nadeshnyi (uromegarei)[4]
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)[5]
Aequorea victoria (Water jellyfish)[4]
Alca torda (Razorbill)[4]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[4]
Anthopleura xanthogrammica (giant green anemone)[4]
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)[4]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[4]
Aurelia aurita (moon jelly)[4]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)[4]
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)[4]
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)[4]
Bathyraja minispinosa (Smallthorn skate)[4]
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)[4]
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)[4]
Bolinopsis infundibulum (Common northern comb jelly)[4]
Brachyphallus crenatus[4]
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)[6]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[4]
Brachyramphus perdix (Long-billed Murrelet)[4]
Branta bernicla (Brent Goose)[4]
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)[4]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[4]
Cepphus carbo (Spectacled Guillemot)[4]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[7]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[4]
Chlidonias albostriatus (Black-fronted Tern)[4]
Chlidonias leucopterus (White-winged Tern)[4]
Chlidonias niger (Black Tern)[4]
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae (Silver Gull)[4]
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)[5]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[4]
Chroicocephalus scopulinus (Red-billed Gull)[4]
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)[4]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Creagrus furcatus (Swallow-tailed Gull)[4]
Crossaster papposus (spiny sun star, common sun star)[4]
Dermasterias imbricata (Leather sea star)[4]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[5]
Enophrys bison (Buffalo sculpin)[4]
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)[8]
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)[4]
Eudyptula minor (Fairy Penguin)[4]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[4]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[4]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[4]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[4]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[4]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[9]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[5]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[4]
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)[5]
Gelochelidon nilotica (Gull-billed Tern)[4]
Haematopus bachmani (Black Oystercatcher)[4]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)[4]
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)[4]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[4]
Hexagrammos lagocephalus (Rock greenling)[4]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[10]
Histrionicus histrionicus (Harlequin Duck)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Hydrocoloeus minutus (Little Gull)[4]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[4]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[4]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[4]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[5]
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)[4]
Lampetra ayresii (Parasitic river lamprey)[4]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[4]
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)[4]
Larus californicus (California Gull)[5]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[4]
Larus fuscus (Lesser Black-backed Gull)[4]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[4]
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)[4]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[4]
Larus livens (Yellow-footed Gull)[4]
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)[5]
Larus pacificus (Pacific Gull)[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[4]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[4]
Melanitta fusca (White-winged Scoter)[4]
Melanitta perspicillata (Surf Scoter)[4]
Mergus merganser (Common Merganser)[5]
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)[5]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[4]
Metridium senile (clonal plumose anemone)[4]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[4]
Mitrocomella polydiademata[4]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[4]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[4]
Mustelus californicus (gray smoothhound)[4]
Myliobatis californica (Bat eagle ray)[5]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[5]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[4]
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)[4]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Onychoprion anaethetus (Bridled Tern)[4]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[11]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[4]
Papasula abbotti (Abbott's Booby)[4]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus thagus (Peruvian Pelican)[4]
Phacellophora camtschatica (eggyolk jelly)[4]
Phaethon rubricauda (Red-tailed Tropicbird)[4]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[5]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[4]
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[12]
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)[4]
Pleurobrachia bachei (sea gooseberry)[4]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[4]
Puffinus assimilis (Little Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus auricularis (Townsend's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus carneipes (Flesh-footed Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)[5]
Puffinus huttoni (Hutton's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus lherminieri (Audubon's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[4]
Pycnopodia helianthoides (Sunflower sea star)[4]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[4]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[4]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[4]
Sarsia tubulosa (clapper hydromedusa)[4]
Sebastes aleutianus (Rougheye rockfish)[4]
Sebastes auriculatus (Bolina)[4]
Sebastes borealis (Black-throated rock-fish)[4]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[13]
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)[4]
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)[13]
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)[4]
Sebastes ruberrimus (Yelloweye rockfish)[4]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[5]
Spheniscus demersus (Jackass Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus humboldti (Humboldt Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus mendiculus (Galapagos Penguin)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[4]
Stercorarius skua (Great Skua)[4]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[4]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[4]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[4]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[4]
Sternula balaenarum (Damara Tern)[4]
Sternula lorata (Peruvian Tern)[4]
Sternula nereis (Fairy Tern)[4]
Sternula saundersi (Saunders's Tern)[4]
Sternula superciliaris (Yellow-billed Tern)[4]
Sula dactylatra (Masked Booby)[4]
Sula granti (Nazca Booby)[4]
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)[4]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[4]
Synthliboramphus craveri (Craveri's Murrelet)[4]
Synthliboramphus hypoleucus (Xantus's Murrelet)[4]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Japanese Murrelet)[4]
Thalassarche carteri (Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross)[4]
Thalasseus bengalensis (Lesser Crested Tern)[4]
Thalasseus bergii (Swift Tern)[4]
Thalasseus bernsteini (Chinese Crested Tern)[4]
Thalasseus sandvicensis (Sandwich Tern)[4]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[5]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[4]
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)[4]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[4]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[4]
Corynosoma strumosum[4]
Corynosoma villosum[4]
Derogenes varicus[4]
Galactosomum phalacrocoracis[4]
Gyrodactyloides baueri[4]
Gyrodactyloides dogieli[4]
Gyrodactyloides petruschewskii[4]
Gyrodactylus cyclopteri[4]
Gyrodactylus flesi[4]
Gyrodactylus gerdi[4]
Gyrodactylus groenlandicus[4]
Gyrodactylus harengi[4]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[4]
Gyrodactylus pungitii[4]
Gyrodactylus robustus[4]
Hemiurus levinseni[4]
Hemiurus luehei[4]
Lacistorhynchus dollfusi[4]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[4]
Lecithaster confusus[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[4]
Mazocraeoides georgei[4]
Nybelinia surmenicola[4]
Parahemiurus merus[4]
Prosorhynchoides basargini[4]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[4]
Rhadinorhynchus trachuri[4]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Russian Federation;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Alaska Department of Fish and Game 7A COMPARISON OF THE BREEDING AND FEEDING ECOLOGY OF PIGEON GUILLEMOTS AT NAKED AND JACKPOT ISLANDS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, D. Lindsey Hayes, APEX: 95163 F. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK. (1996) 8Feeding and Prey of Pacific Lamprey in Coastal Waters of the Western North Pacific, Alexei Orlov, Richard Beamish, Andrei Vinnikov, Dmitry Pelenev, American Fisheries Society Symposium 69, 2009 9Feeding Interactions and Diet of Carnivorous Fishes in the Shelikhov Bay of the Sea of Okhotsk, V. V. Napazakov, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2008, Vol. 34, No. 7, pp. 452–460 10Diet of Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, I. N. Moukhametov, A. M. Orlov, and B. M. Leaman, INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC HALIBUT COMMISSION, Technical Report No. 52 (2008) 11Tinus, Craig A. (2012) Prey preference of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus), a top marine predator: implications for ecosystem-based fisheries management. Fishery Bulletin, 110(2), pp. 193-204. 12THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390 13Comparative feeding ecology of two sympatric rockfish congeners, Sebastes caurinus (copper rockfish) and S. maliger (quillback rockfish), D. J. Murie, Marine Biology (1995) 124: 341-353
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