Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Cottidae > Cottus > Cottus gobio
 

Cottus gobio (Bullhead; European bullhead; Freshwater sculpin; Miller's thumb; Sculpin)

Synonyms: Cottus affinis; Cottus gobio gobio; Cottus gobio haemusi; Cottus gobio hispaniolensis; Cottus gobio koshewnikowi; Cottus gobio milvensis; Cottus gobio pellegrini; Cottus gobio roseus; Cottus koshewnikowi; Cottus microstomus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The bullhead (Cottus gobio) is a freshwater fish that is widely distributed in Europe, mainly in rivers. It is a member of the Cottidae family, a type of sculpin. It is also known as the miller's thumb, freshwater sculpin, common bullhead and European bullhead.The bullhead is a small demersal fish that lives both in cold, clear, fast-flowing small streams and in middle-sized rivers. It also occurs on gravelly shores of cold lakes.
View Wikipedia Record: Cottus gobio

Attributes

Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Maximum Longevity [3]  5 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alpi Giulie 44561 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba 46789 Italy  
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco 53311 Italy  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Augsdaugava 129298 Latvia  
Augszeme 51467 Latvia  
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Bashkiria National Park 205592 Bashkortostan, Russia
Bashkirsky State Nature Reserve 274648 Bashkortostan, Russia
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Big Kokshaga State Nature Reserve 55732 Mari El, Russia    
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Byskeälven 41445 Sweden  
Central Forest Biosphere Reserve 60410 Tver, Russia    
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Dolina Noteci 124867 Poland  
Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli 54021 Poland  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Engures ezers 49401 Latvia    
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Góry Slonne 135999 Poland  
Góry Stolowe 48968 Poland  
Kaluzhskie Zaseki State Nature Reserve 45796 Kaluga, Russia
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Karwendel mit Isar 48408 Germany  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Kenozersky National Park 345115 Arkhangelsk, Russia
Kologrivsky Forest State Nature Reserve 145792 Kostroma, Russia    
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lüneburger Heide 57541 Germany  
Mariya Chodra National Park 90423 Mari El, Russia
Mittlerer Thüringer Wald 45398 Germany  
Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) 43725 Italy  
Morava 70129 Slovakia  
Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald 59814 Germany  
Nationalpark Berchtesgaden 52792 Germany  
Nationalpark Harz (Niedersachsen) 38969 Germany  
Nechkinsky National Park 51279 Udmurt, Russia
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
Nõva-Osmussaare 60818 Estonia  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Jasliska 72369 Poland  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Popradzka 143151 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Oulanka 72624 Finland  
Parco Naturale Fanes - Senes - Braies 62896 Italy  
Parco Naturale Vedrette di Ries - Aurina 77376 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pinezhsky State Nature Reserve 127314 Arkhangelsk, Russia
Piteälven 129696 Sweden  
Plescheevo Lake National Park 58786 Yaroslavl, Russia
Razna 147312 Latvia  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Råneälven 38631 Sweden  
Samarskaya Luka National Park 314283 Samara, Russia
Sebezhsky National Park 123605 Pskov, Russia
Sliteres nacionalais parks 39895 Latvia  
Smolenskoe Poozerie National Park 361359 Smolensk, Russia
Szigetköz 42447 Hungary  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Torne och Kalix älvsystem 435134 Sweden  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
US-Truppenübungsplatz Grafenwöhr 47639 Germany  
Ugra National Park 243703 Kaluga, Russia
Ujscie Warty 82280 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Val Formazza 54914 Italy  
Veclaicene 51625 Latvia  
Vestiena 67089 Latvia  
Vindelälven 81850 Sweden  
Visherskii State Nature Reserve 596018 Perm, Russia
Visimsky Biosphere Reserve 82783 Sverdlovsk, Russia
Vodlozersky National Park 1157293 Karelia, Arkhangelsk, Russia    
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' 63775 Germany  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Västra Vättern 146577 Sweden  
Vättern (södra) 122343 Sweden  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Yugyd Islands National Park 4674495 Komi, Russia
Yuzhno-Uralsky State Nature Reserve 624742 Chelyabinsk, Bashkortostan, Russia
Ziemelgauja 53743 Latvia  

Prey / Diet

Adicella reducta[4]
Alphitobius diaperinus (lesser mealworm)[4]
Ancylus striatus[4]
Asellus aquaticus (waterlouse)[4]
Baetis fuscatus[4]
Baetis rhodani (Large dark olive)[4]
Baetis scambus[4]
Baetis vernus[4]
Cottus gobio (Bullhead)[4]
Erpobdella octoculata[4]
Gammarus pulex[4]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[4]
Heptagenia sulphurea[4]
Hydropsyche pellucidula (Grey Flag Caddisfly)[4]
Lasiocephala basalis[4]
Lepidostoma hirtum[4]
Leuctra geniculata[4]
Nigrobaetis niger[4]
Polycentropus flavomaculatus[4]
Potamophylax latipennis[4]
Potamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mud snail)[4]
Pungitius pungitius (Ninespine stickleback)[4]
Rhyacophila dorsalis[4]
Sericostoma personatum (Welshman's Button Caddisfly)[4]
Serratella ignita[4]
Silo nigricornis[4]
Silo pallipes[4]
Simulium ornatum[4]

Predators

Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[4]
Barbatula barbatula (Stone loach)[4]
Cottus gobio (Bullhead)[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Hucho taimen (Taimen)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Apatemon gracilis[4]
Crepidostomum metoecus[4]
Diphyllobothrium latum[4]
Diplostomum commutatum[4]
Diplostomum gobiorum[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Diplostomum volvens[4]
Echinorhynchus truttae[4]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[4]
Megalocotyle zschokkei[4]
Neoechinorhynchus violentus[4]
Phyllodistomum folium[4]
Plagioporus angusticolle[4]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[4]
Proteocephalus longicollis[4]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[4]
Proteocephalus percae[4]
Proteocephalus torulosus[4]
Rhabdochona denudata[4]
Schistocephalus solidus[4]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[4]
Trochopus brauni[4]
Tylodelphys clavata[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus clavula[5]
Acanthocephalus lucii[5]
Apatemon cobitidis <Unverified Name>[5]
Apatemon gracilis[5]
Camallanus lacustris[5]
Camallanus truncatus[5]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Crepidostomum farionis[5]
Crepidostomum metoecus[5]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[5]
Diphyllobothrium latum[5]
Diplostomum commutatum[5]
Diplostomum gobiorum[5]
Diplostomum pungitii <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Diplostomum volvens[5]
Echinorhynchus truttae[5]
Gyrodactylus cotti <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus hrabei <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus onegensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus rogatensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Hebesoma violenteum <Unverified Name>[5]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[5]
Megalocotyle zschokkei[5]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[5]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum folium[5]
Phyllodistomum simile <Unverified Name>[5]
Plagioporus angusticolle[5]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[5]
Proteocephalus longicollis[5]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[5]
Proteocephalus percae[5]
Proteocephalus sagittus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdochona denudata[5]
Schistocephalus solidus[5]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[5]
Trochopus brauni[5]
Tylodelphys clavata[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Baltic Sea; Bassegi Zapovednik; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Danube; Denmark; Don; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: North Baltic in Scandinavia south to stream Maurine in southwesternmost of corner of Baltic basin (Germany); lower reaches of streams and rivers and along coast of Sweden, Finland, Russia southwest to Estonia.; Danube (except upper tributaries Save and Arges), Elbe, Ems, Weser and Rhône drainages;tributaries of upper Rhine downriver (northward) to about Mannheim; a few of uppermost tributaries of River Tevere, central Italy; Adriatic drainages from Potenza in Italy to Zrmanja in Croatia, except Timavo spring. Locally introduced in Scheldt drainage in Belgium. Records of sculpins from Neretva drainage in Bosnia-Herzegovina possibly belong to <i>Cottus gobio</i>.; Europe: brackish waters along coasts of Gulfs of Bothnia, Finland and Riga, and in estuaries of large rivers; freshwaters of Europe (including Italy, Greece, Ireland, mainland Denmark to northern Germany and northern Norway, Sweden and Finland) (Ref 5585; Europe: brackish waters along coasts of Gulfs of Bothnia, Finland and Riga, and in estuaries of large rivers; freshwaters of Europe (including Italy, Greece, Ireland, mainland Denmark to northern Germany and northern Norway, Sweden and Finland) (Ref 55856). Reported from 2 catchments, Forth and Clyde, in Scotland (P. Maitland, pers. comm.).; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Comblain-au-Pont et Angleur (Chaudfontaine; Comblain-au-Pont; Esneux; Liège; Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Hamoir et Comblain-au-Pont (Anthisnes; Comblain-au-Pont; Ferrières; Hamoir;; Volga;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access