Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cyprinodontiformes > Cyprinodontidae > Cyprinodon > Cyprinodon variegatus

Cyprinodon variegatus (sheepshead minnow)

Synonyms: Cyprinodon baconi; Cyprinodon ellipsoidea; Cyprinodon gibbosus; Cyprinodon rhomboidalis; Cyprinodon variegatus baconi; Cyprinodon variegatus ovinus; Cyprinodon variegatus variegatus; Esox ovinus; Lebia ellipsoidea; Lebias rhomboidalis

Wikipedia Abstract

The sheepshead minnow or sheepshead pupfish (Cyprinodon variegatus variegatus) is a subspecies of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinodontidae, the pupfishes. It is found in salt marsh and estuary environments and is native to the eastern coasts of North and Central America.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyprinodon variegatus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Detritivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Adult Length [1]  3.5 inches (9 cm)
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize

Prey / Diet

Acartia tonsa[3]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Ruppia cirrhosa (spiral ditchgrass)[3]


Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)[4]
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)[5]
Cochlearius cochlearius (Boat-billed Heron)[6]
Ctenogobius shufeldti (Freshwater goby)[3]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[3]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[7]
Egretta rufescens (Reddish egret)[6]
Egretta tricolor (Tricolored Heron)[6]
Elops saurus (Ladyfish)[3]
Lepisosteus oculatus (Spotted gar)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Morone mississippiensis (Barfish)[3]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[3]
Mycteroperca phenax (Scamp)[5]
Pogonias cromis (Sea drum)[3]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[8]


Parasitized by 
Ascocotyle chandleri <Unverified Name>[9]
Ascocotyle gemina[9]
Atactorhynchus verecundus[9]
Contracaecum collieri <Unverified Name>[9]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[9]
Fundulotrema prolongis[9]
Gyrodactylus stephanus[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Brevard Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Bahamas; Colombia; Mexico; Nearctic; Neotropical; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Feeding Habits of Common Snook, Centropomus undecimalis, in Charlotte Harbor, Florida, David A. Blewett, Rebecca A. Hensley, and Philip W. Stevens, Gulf and Caribbean Research Vol 18, 1–13, 2006
5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
8Food of the Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellata, from Mississippi Sound, Robin M. Overstreet, Richard W. Heard, Gulf Research Reports, Vol. 6, No. 2, 131-135, 1978
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access