Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Cyprinus > Cyprinus carpio

Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)

Synonyms: Carpio vulgaris; Cyprinus atrovirens; Cyprinus bithynicus; Cyprinus carpio anatolicus; Cyprinus carpio carpio; Cyprinus carpio caspicus; Cyprinus carpio elongatus; Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis; Cyprinus carpio lacustris; Cyprinus carpio monstrosus; Cyprinus carpio oblongus; Cyprinus carpio specularis; Cyprinus chinensis; Cyprinus conirostris; Cyprinus coriaceus; Cyprinus elatus; Cyprinus hungaricus; Cyprinus macrolepidotus; Cyprinus mahuensis; Cyprinus melanotus; Cyprinus nordmannii; Cyprinus nudus; Cyprinus regina; Cyprinus regius; Cyprinus rex; Cyprinus rexcyprinorum; Cyprinus rondeletii; Cyprinus specularis; Cyprinus viridescens; Cyprinus vittatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. The wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction, but the species has also been domesticated and introduced into environments worldwide, and is often considered a destructive invasive species, being included in the List of the world's 100 worst invasive species. It gives its name to the carp family Cyprinidae. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyprinus carpio

Invasive Species

The introduction of fish as a source of protein for human consumption into tropical and subtropical lake systems is continuing apace. The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has been cultured for 2500 years and is also a popular angling and ornamental fish; is the third most frequently introduced species in the world. Its method of feeding churns up the sediments on the bottom of the water and uproots macrophytes, making it an keystone ecosystem engineer that altering habitats for native fish and other native aquatic species.
View ISSG Record: Cyprinus carpio


Adult Weight [3]  23.37 lbs (10.60 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Adult Length [2]  3.9 feet (120 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Gestation [3]  4 days
Litter Size [2]  300,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  47 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Apalachicola United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Bonneville United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Cumberland United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
English - Winnipeg Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Lahontan United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Lerma - Chapala Mexico Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Lower Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Lower Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Mobile Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Ouachita Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Ozark Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Panuco Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Pecos United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Southern California Coastal - Baja California Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
West Florida Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
West Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Codru (Kodry) Zapovednik Scientific Reserve Ia   Moldova  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Danau Matano - Towuti Recreation Parks Nature Recreation Park V 96082 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Epping Forest 3966 England, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lampertheimer Altrhein 1297 Germany  
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Matheswall/Schmielensee 265 Germany  
Montezuma Castle National Monument V 872 Arizona, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Odaigahara and Mount Omine Biosphere Reserve 88558 Kyushu, Japan  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Säveån, nedre delen 84 Sweden  
Schaalsee   Germany      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vorsperre-Twistetalsperre 62 Germany  
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States


Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[5]
Alona affinis[6]
Anax junius (green darner)[5]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[6]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[5]
Chaoborus flavicans[6]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[5]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[5]
Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)[6]
Lampsilis radiata (eastern lampmussel)[5]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[5]
Physella acuta (European physa)[6]
Sympetrum corruptum (variegated meadowhawk)[6]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[6]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[5]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[5]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[5]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Adicella reducta1
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)5
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)7
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)4
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)5
Ammodramus nelsoni (Nelson's Sparrow)1
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)9
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)2
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)6
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)2
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)4
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)2
Cataclysta lemnata (Small China-mark)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)3
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)1
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)3
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)4
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)7
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Limnephilus flavicornis1
Limnephilus luridus1
Limnephilus marmoratus1
Limnephilus rhombicus (Northern caddisfly)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)3
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)3
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)3
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)4
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)6
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)3
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)5
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)3
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)3
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)2
Pseudemys nelsoni (Florida Redbelly Turtle)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)4
Strix varia (Barred Owl)2
Tanysphyrus lemnae1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1


Amia calva (Bowfin)[6]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[5]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[6]
Botaurus stellaris (Eurasian Bittern)[7]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[6]
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)[5]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[5]
Esox lucius (Jack)[6]
Esox masquinongy (Maskinonge)[6]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Haliaeetus vociferoides (Madagascar Fish Eagle)[7]
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus (Crowned Solitary Eagle)[8]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]
Hoplias malabaricus (Trahira)[9]
Huso huso (Beluga)[6]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[5]
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)[10]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[5]
Lontra provocax (Southern River Otter)[11]
Maccullochella peelii (Murray cod)[6]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[5]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[5]
Morone chrysops (White perch)[6]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[6]
Natrix maura (Viperine Water Snake)[12]
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)[13]
Pelecanus onocrotalus (Great White Pelican)[7]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[6]
Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis)[14]
Silurus glanis (Danubian wels)[6]
Silurus soldatovi (Northern sheatfish)[6]
Siniperca chuatsi (Chinese bass)[6]
Tachysurus fulvidraco (Banded catfish)[6]


Phragmites australis (common reed)[5]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[5]
Utricularia macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[5]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[5]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[5]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[5]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[5]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus alabamensis[6]
Acanthocephalus anguillae[15]
Acanthocephalus clavula[15]
Acanthocephalus dirus[15]
Acanthocephalus lucii[15]
Allocreadium carparum <Unverified Name>[15]
Allocreadium isoporum[15]
Ancyrocephalus magnus <Unverified Name>[15]
Ancyrocephalus paradoxus[15]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[15]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[15]
Apharyngostrigea cornu[15]
Apophallus venustus[15]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[15]
Ascaris carpionis <Unverified Name>[15]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[15]
Aspidogaster conchicola[15]
Aspidogaster ijimai[15]
Aspidogaster limacoides[15]
Asymphylodora imitans[15]
Asymphylodora japonica <Unverified Name>[15]
Asymphylodora kubanicum[15]
Asymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[15]
Asymphylodora sinensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Asymphylodora tincae[15]
Atractolytocestus huronensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Atractolytocestus sagitattus <Unverified Name>[15]
Azygia cyprinus <Unverified Name>[15]
Baruscapillaria appendiculata <Unverified Name>[15]
Bathybothrium rectangulum[15]
Bolbophorus confusus[6]
Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis <Unverified Name>[15]
Brentisentis cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Breviscolex orientalis <Unverified Name>[15]
Bucephalus polymorphus[15]
Bunodera luciopercae[15]
Camallanus lacustris[15]
Capillaria catostomi <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria patzcuarensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria petrushchewskii <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Carassotrema koreanum[15]
Carassotrema wui <Unverified Name>[15]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[15]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[15]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[15]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[15]
Caryophyllaeus minutus <Unverified Name>[15]
Centrocestus armatus[15]
Centrocestus caninus[15]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[15]
Centrocestus taiwanense <Unverified Name>[15]
Cleidodiscus floridanus <Unverified Name>[15]
Clinostomum complanatum[15]
Clinostomum schizothoraxi <Unverified Name>[15]
Contracaecum aqualii <Unverified Name>[15]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[15]
Contracaecum multipapillatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[15]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[15]
Corynosoma strumosum[15]
Crepidostomum cooperi[15]
Cryptocotyle concava[15]
Cucullanus cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Cyclustera ralli <Unverified Name>[15]
Dactylogyrus achmerowi[15]
Dactylogyrus amphibothrium[15]
Dactylogyrus anchoracanthus[15]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[15]
Dactylogyrus arcuatus[15]
Dactylogyrus arquatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Dactylogyrus auriculatus[15]
Dactylogyrus cryptomeres[15]
Dactylogyrus cyprini[15]
Dactylogyrus extensus[15]
Dactylogyrus falciformis[15]
Dactylogyrus formosus[15]
Dactylogyrus inexpectatus[15]
Dactylogyrus intermedius[15]
Dactylogyrus lamellatus[15]
Dactylogyrus lopuchinae[15]
Dactylogyrus minutus[15]
Dactylogyrus molnari[15]
Dactylogyrus mrazeki[15]
Dactylogyrus phoxini[15]
Dactylogyrus sahuensis[15]
Dactylogyrus vastator[15]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae[15]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[15]
Dilepis unilateralis <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[15]
Diplostomum flexicaudum[15]
Diplostomum helveticum[15]
Diplostomum hupehensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum niedashui <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[15]
Diplostomum parviventosum <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplostomum rutili[15]
Diplostomum spathaceum[15]
Diplozoon homoion <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplozoon kashmirensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplozoon nipponicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Diplozoon paradoxum[15]
Echinochasmus beleocephalus <Unverified Name>[15]
Echinochasmus fujianensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Echinochasmus japonicus <Unverified Name>[15]
Echinochasmus perfoliatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Eubothrium crassum[15]
Eudiplozoon nipponicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Glaridacris laruei <Unverified Name>[15]
Glaridacris oligorchis <Unverified Name>[15]
Gnathostoma hispidum <Unverified Name>[15]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[15]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[15]
Gryporhynchus pusillum <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus baicalensis[15]
Gyrodactylus bimicrofaratus <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus derjavini[15]
Gyrodactylus elegans[15]
Gyrodactylus katharineri[15]
Gyrodactylus kherulensis[15]
Gyrodactylus medius[15]
Gyrodactylus nagibinae <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus nemachili <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus procerus <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus schulmani <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus shulmani[15]
Gyrodactylus sprostonae <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus stankovici <Unverified Name>[15]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[15]
Haplorchis pumilio[15]
Haplorchis taichui[15]
Hebesoma violenteum <Unverified Name>[15]
Heterophyopsis continua[15]
Hysteromorpha triloba[15]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[15]
Khawia iowensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Khawia japonensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Khawia sinensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[15]
Ligula intestinalis[15]
Macrostomum borealis <Unverified Name>[15]
Markevitschia sagittata <Unverified Name>[15]
Metagonimus takahashii[15]
Metagonimus yokogawai[15]
Metarhadinorhynchus cyprini[15]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[15]
Neascus cuticola <Unverified Name>[15]
Neascus vetestai <Unverified Name>[15]
Neodiplostomum perlatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Neoechinorhynchus australis[15]
Neoechinorhynchus manasbalensis[15]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[15]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[15]
Nicolla skrjabini[15]
Opisthorchis felineus[15]
Orientotrema japonica <Unverified Name>[15]
Orientotrema sinensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Ornithocapillaria appendiculata <Unverified Name>[15]
Pallisentis celatus[15]
Pallisentis ussuriense[15]
Parabucephalopsis prosthorchis[15]
Paradilepis scolecina[15]
Paradiplozoon alburni <Unverified Name>[15]
Paradiplozoon cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Paradiplozoon homoion[15]
Paradiplozoon zeller <Unverified Name>[15]
Parasymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[15]
Philometra cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Philometra lusii <Unverified Name>[15]
Philometroides cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Philometroides lusiana <Unverified Name>[15]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[15]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Polymorphus brevis[15]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[15]
Pomphorhynchus fotedari <Unverified Name>[15]
Pomphorhynchus kashmirensis[15]
Pomphorhynchus kawi[15]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[15]
Pomphorhynchus manasbalensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Pomphorhynchus megacanthus[15]
Pomphorhynchus oreini[15]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[15]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[15]
Proteocephalus exiguus[15]
Proteocephalus torulosus[15]
Pseudacolpenteron pavlovskii[15]
Pseudoamphileptus macrostoma[16]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Pseudorhipidocotyle elopichthys[15]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[15]
Rhabdochona cyprini <Unverified Name>[15]
Rhabdochona denudata[15]
Rhabdochona guptii <Unverified Name>[15]
Rhabdochona soodi <Unverified Name>[15]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[15]
Schyzocotyle acheilognathi[15]
Skrjabillanus cyprinae <Unverified Name>[15]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[15]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[15]
Spinitectus gigi <Unverified Name>[15]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[15]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[15]
Syncuaria squamata <Unverified Name>[15]
Tetraonchus monenteron[15]
Thominx petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[15]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[15]
Trichodina heterodentata[16]
Trichodina mutabalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichodina reticulata[16]
Tylodelphys clavata[15]
Valipora campylancristrota <Unverified Name>[15]
Valipora unilateralis[15]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Artis Zoo
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Detroit Zoological Societycarpio
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Wissel
DSI Givskud Zoocarpio
Ecodrome CVcarpio
El Paso Zoo
Florida Aquariumcarpio
Foxburrows Farm&Hainault ForestCtry Pk
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Johannesburg Zoological Gardenscarpio koi
John G. Shedd Aquarium
London Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardenscarpio
Museum de Besancon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc Merveilleux
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Sacramento Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Universeum Science Centercarpio
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Wonders of Wildlife Museum
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago

Range Map

Amur; Asia - Inland waters; Australia; Belarus; Bosten Lake; Brazil; China; Czech Republic; Erqishi River; Europe - Inland waters; Kamchatka; Mongolia; Oriental; Pacific Ocean; Palearctic; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Tarim; Viet Nam; Yili River;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Crowned eagles rarely prey on livestock in central Argentina: persecution is not justified, José Hernán Sarasola, Miguel Ángel Santillán, Maximiliano Adrián Galmes, Endangered Species Research 11: 207–213, 2010
9Feeding of Hoplias malabaricus in the wetlands of Dulce river (Córdoba, Argentina), María de los Angeles Bistoni, José Gustavo Haro & Mercedes Gutiérrez, Hydrobiologia 316: 103-107, 1995.
10Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011
11Lontra provocax, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 610, pp. 1-4 (1999)
12Variation in the diet of the viperine snake Natrix maura in relation to prey availability, Xavier Santos, Jacob González-Solís and Gustavo A. Llorente, ECOGRAPHY 23: 185–192. Copenhagen 2000
13"Diet and Prey Use Patterns of the American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Nesting at Pathfinder Reservoir, Wyoming", Scott L. Findholt and Stanley H. Anderson, Colonial Waterbirds Vol. 18, No. 1 (1995), pp. 58-68
14The Diet of the Glossy Ibis During the Breeding Season in Doñana, Southwest Spain, Mercedes Macías, Andy J. Green and Marta I. Sánchez, Waterbirds 27(2): 234-239. 2004
15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access