Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Engraulis > Engraulis japonicus

Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy; Southern African anchovy; Anchovy; Cape anchovy)

Synonyms: Engraulis japonica; Engraulis zollingeri; Engraulus japonicus; Stolephorus celebicus; Stolephorus zollingeri
Language: Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Arabic; Bikol; Cebuano; Chavacano; Czech; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Hiligaynon; Italian; Japanese; Kagayanen; Korean; Kuyunon; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Surigaonon; Swedish; Tagalog; Waray-waray

Wikipedia Abstract

Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) is a schooling fish of the family Engraulidae. It is common in the Pacific Ocean south from the Sea of Okhotsk, widespread in the Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea, and near the coasts of Japan. They live up to 2–3 years, similar to European anchovy. They spawn from Taiwan to southern Sakhalin.
View Wikipedia Record: Engraulis japonicus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Calanus pacificus[4]
Calanus sinicus[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[4]
Paracalanus parvus[4]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[4]
Pseudodiaptomus marinus[4]


Acropoma japonicum (Blackmouth splitfin)[5]
Alcichthys elongatus[6]
Anotopterus nikparini (North Pacific daggertooth)[4]
Atractoscion aequidens (Trag)[4]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)[4]
Berardius bairdii (Baird's Beaked Whale)[4]
Brama japonica (Bigtooth pomfret)[4]
Calonectris edwardsii (Cape Verde Shearwater)[4]
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)[7]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[4]
Chlidonias albostriatus (Black-fronted Tern)[4]
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae (Silver Gull)[4]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[4]
Chroicocephalus scopulinus (Red-billed Gull)[4]
Cleisthenes herzensteini (pointhead flounder)[8]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[4]
Eudyptula minor (Little Penguin)[4]
Euthynnus affinis (Yaito bonito)[4]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[4]
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[6]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[4]
Galeus eastmani (Gecko catshark)[4]
Galeus nipponensis (Broadfin sawtail catshark)[4]
Gymnocanthus intermedius (Sculpin)[6]
Hemitriakis japanica (Japanese gray shark)[4]
Hexagrammos otakii (Greenling)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[4]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[4]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[4]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[9]
Larimichthys polyactis (Yellowfish)[4]
Larosterna inca (Inca Tern)[4]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[4]
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)[4]
Larus livens (Yellow-footed Gull)[4]
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)[4]
Larus pacificus (Pacific Gull)[4]
Leucocarbo chalconotus (bronze shag)[4]
Leucocarbo onslowi (Chatham Islands shag)[4]
Leucocarbo ranfurlyi (Bounty Islands shag)[4]
Liparis tanakae (Tanaka's snailfish)[6]
Lophius litulon (Anglerfish)[10]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[4]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[4]
Nesofregetta fuliginosa (Polynesian Storm Petrel)[4]
Oceanodroma castro (Band-rumped Storm-Petrel)[4]
Oceanodroma matsudairae (Matsudaira's Storm Petrel)[4]
Oceanodroma microsoma (Least Storm-Petrel)[4]
Okamejei kenojei (Swarthy skate)[4]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[11]
Papasula abbotti (Abbott's Booby)[4]
Paralichthys olivaceus (Olive flounder)[12]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus thagus (Peruvian Pelican)[4]
Phalacrocorax capensis (Cape cormorant)[13]
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)[14]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax featherstoni (Pitt Island shag)[4]
Phalacrocorax fuscescens (Black-faced Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax harrisi (Flightless Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax punctatus (spotted shag)[4]
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (Little Black Cormorant)[4]
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)[4]
Physiculus japonicus (Japanese codling)[6]
Puffinus assimilis (Little Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus auricularis (Townsend's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus carneipes (Flesh-footed Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus huttoni (Hutton's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus lherminieri (Audubon's Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus pacificus (Wedge-tailed Shearwater)[4]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[4]
Sarda orientalis (Striped tuna)[4]
Scomber australasicus (Spotted mackerel)[4]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[4]
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)[15]
Spheniscus demersus (Jackass Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus humboldti (Humboldt Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[4]
Spheniscus mendiculus (Galapagos Penguin)[4]
Sphyraena pinguis (Brown barracuda)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)[16]
Sterna acuticauda (Black-bellied Tern)[4]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[4]
Sterna hirundinacea (South American Tern)[4]
Sterna repressa (White-cheeked Tern)[4]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[4]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[4]
Sternula balaenarum (Damara Tern)[4]
Sternula lorata (Peruvian Tern)[4]
Sternula nereis (Fairy Tern)[4]
Sternula saundersi (Saunders's Tern)[4]
Sternula superciliaris (Yellow-billed Tern)[4]
Sula dactylatra (Masked Booby)[4]
Sula granti (Nazca Booby)[4]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[4]
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)[4]
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)[4]
Thalassarche carteri (Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross)[4]
Thalasseus bengalensis (Lesser Crested Tern)[4]
Thalasseus bergii (Swift Tern)[4]
Thalasseus elegans (Elegant Tern)[4]
Thalasseus maximus (Royal Tern)[4]
Thunnus tonggol (Oriental bonito)[17]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese common squid)[4]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese scad)[4]
Triakis scyllium (Banded houndshark)[4]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[18]
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)[19]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[10]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[20]
Callitetrarhynchus nipponica <Unverified Name>[20]
Contracaecum osculatum[20]
Diphyllobothrium balaenopterae[20]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[20]
Neonotoporus trachuri[20]
Parahaplosplanchnus cirrusaci[20]
Parahemiurus merus[20]
Parahemiurus sardinae <Unverified Name>[20]
Pseudanthocotyloides mamaevi[20]
Zoogonus rubellus[20]


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Chiku River; China; East China Sea; Hong Kong; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Japan; Kamchatka; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Western Central; Peng-hu Island; Philippines; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Sogod Bay; Somali Coastal Current; South Africa; South China Sea; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Viet Nam; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pa; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref. 189).; Yellow Sea;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Seasonal dynamics of a coastal food web: Stable isotope analysis of a higher consumer, Hideki Hamaoka, Noboru Okuda, Toru Fukumoto, Hitoshi Miyasaka, and Koji Omori, "Earth, Life, and Isotopes", Chap. 11, p. 161-181, Kyoto University Press (2010)
6Diets of the demersal fishes on the shelf off Iwate, northern Japan, T. Fujita, D. Kitagawa, Y. Okuyama, Y. Ishito, T. Inada, Y. Jin, Marine Biology (1995) 123:219-233
7"Foraging behavior and Diet of Streaked Shearwaters Calonectris leucomelas Rearing Chicks on Mikura Island", Kei Matsumoto, Nariko Oka, Daisuke Ochi, Fumihito Muto, Takashi P. Satoh and Yutaka Watanuki, Ornithological Science 11(1):9-19. 2012
8"Stock dynamics of Cleisthenes herzensteini in the central and southern Yellow Sea", Xiujuan Shana, Xianshi Jina, Zhipeng Zhoua, Fangqun Dai, Acta Ecologica Sinica, Volume 32, Issue 5, October 2012, Pages 244–252
9Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
10Jung Hwa Choi, Bong Jun Sung, Dong Woo Lee, Jong Bin Kim, Taeck Yun Oh and Jung Nyun Kim, Feeding Habits of Yellow Goose Fish Lophius litulon and John Dory Zeus faber in the South Sea of Korea, Fish Aquat Sci 14(4), 435-441, 2011
11Feeding habits of neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in the transitional region of the central North Pacific, Hikaru Watanabe, Tsunemi Kubodera, Taro Ichii, Shigeyuki Kawahara, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 266: 173–184, 2004
12Food habits of fishes in the surf zone of a sandy beach at Sanrimatsubara, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, Takashi Inoue, Yusuke Suda, and Mitsuhiko Sano, Ichthyol Res (2005) 52: 9–14
13del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
14Foraging behavior of a generalist marine top predator, Japanese cormorants (Phalacrocorax filamentosus), in years of demersal versus epipelagic prey, Y. Watanuki, K. Ishikawa, A. Takahashi, A. Kato, Marine Biology (2004) 145: 427–434
15Feeding Habits of Japanese Spanish Mackerel in the Central and Western Waters of the Seto Inland Sea, Tatsu Kishida, Bull. Nansei Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. No. 20, 1986
16Feeding Habits of the Pantropical Spotted Dolphin, Stenella attenuata, off the Eastern Coast of Taiwan, Ming-Chih Wang, William A. Walker, Kwang-Tsao Shao and Lien-Siang Chou, Zoological Studies 42(2): 368-378 (2003)
17"Food habits of the longtail tuna, Thunnus tonggol from the south western region of the Sea of Japan", Kobayashi, T., Bulletin of Yamaguchi Prefectural Fisheries Research Center, March 2005, p. 41-43
18Feeding habits and ontogenetic diet shift of hairtail fish (Trichiurus lepturus) in East China Sea and Yelow Sea, ZHANG Bo, Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004
19Feeding ecology of hairtail Trichiurus margarites and largehead hairtail Trichiurus lepturus in the Beibu Gulf, the South China Sea, YAN Yunrong (颜云榕), HOU Gang (侯刚), CHEN Junlan (陈骏岚), LU Huosheng (卢伙胜), JIN Xianshi (金显仕), Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Vol. 29 No. 1, P. 174-183, 2011
20Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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