Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Engraulis > Engraulis japonicus

Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy; Southern African anchovy; Anchovy; Cape anchovy)

Synonyms: Engraulis zollingeri; Engraulus japonicus; Stolephorus celebicus
Language: Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Arabic; Bikol; Cebuano; Chavacano; Czech; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Hiligaynon; Italian; Japanese; Kagayanen; Korean; Kuyunon; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Surigaonon; Swedish; Tagalog; Waray-waray

Wikipedia Abstract

Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) is a schooling fish of the family Engraulidae. It is common in the Pacific Ocean south from the Sea of Okhotsk, widespread in the Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea, and near the coasts of Japan. They live up to 2–3 years, similar to European anchovy. They spawn from Taiwan to southern Sakhalin.
View Wikipedia Record: Engraulis japonicus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  


Acropoma japonicum (Blackmouth splitfin)[4]
Alcichthys elongatus[5]
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)[6]
Cleisthenes herzensteini (pointhead flounder)[7]
Gymnocanthus intermedius (Sculpin)[5]
Hexagrammos otakii (Greenling)[5]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[8]
Liparis tanakae (Tanaka's snailfish)[5]
Lophius litulon (Anglerfish)[9]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[10]
Paralichthys olivaceus (Olive flounder)[11]
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)[12]
Physiculus japonicus (Japanese codling)[5]
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)[13]
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)[14]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[5]
Thunnus tonggol (Oriental bonito)[15]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[16]
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)[17]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[9]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[18]
Callitetrarhynchus nipponica <Unverified Name>[18]
Contracaecum osculatum[18]
Diplogonoporus balaenopterae[18]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[18]
Neohaplosplanchnus cirrusaci <Unverified Name>[18]
Neonotoporus trachuri[18]
Opechona orientalis[18]
Parahaplosplanchnus cirrusaci <Unverified Name>[18]
Parahemiurus merus[18]
Parahemiurus sardinae <Unverified Name>[18]
Prodistomum orientalis[18]
Pseudanthocotyloides mamaevi[18]
Stephanostomum imparispine[18]
Zoogonus rubellus[18]


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Chiku River; China; East China Sea; Hong Kong; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Japan; Kamchatka; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Western Central; Peng-hu Island; Philippines; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Ryukyu Islands; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Sogod Bay; Somali Coastal Current; South Africa; South China Sea; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Viet Nam; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pa; Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref. 189).; Yellow Sea;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Seasonal dynamics of a coastal food web: Stable isotope analysis of a higher consumer, Hideki Hamaoka, Noboru Okuda, Toru Fukumoto, Hitoshi Miyasaka, and Koji Omori, "Earth, Life, and Isotopes", Chap. 11, p. 161-181, Kyoto University Press (2010) 5Diets of the demersal fishes on the shelf off Iwate, northern Japan, T. Fujita, D. Kitagawa, Y. Okuyama, Y. Ishito, T. Inada, Y. Jin, Marine Biology (1995) 123:219-233 6"Foraging behavior and Diet of Streaked Shearwaters Calonectris leucomelas Rearing Chicks on Mikura Island", Kei Matsumoto, Nariko Oka, Daisuke Ochi, Fumihito Muto, Takashi P. Satoh and Yutaka Watanuki, Ornithological Science 11(1):9-19. 2012 7"Stock dynamics of Cleisthenes herzensteini in the central and southern Yellow Sea", Xiujuan Shana, Xianshi Jina, Zhipeng Zhoua, Fangqun Dai, Acta Ecologica Sinica, Volume 32, Issue 5, October 2012, Pages 244–252 8Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 9Jung Hwa Choi, Bong Jun Sung, Dong Woo Lee, Jong Bin Kim, Taeck Yun Oh and Jung Nyun Kim, Feeding Habits of Yellow Goose Fish Lophius litulon and John Dory Zeus faber in the South Sea of Korea, Fish Aquat Sci 14(4), 435-441, 2011 10Feeding habits of neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in the transitional region of the central North Pacific, Hikaru Watanabe, Tsunemi Kubodera, Taro Ichii, Shigeyuki Kawahara, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 266: 173–184, 2004 11Food habits of fishes in the surf zone of a sandy beach at Sanrimatsubara, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, Takashi Inoue, Yusuke Suda, and Mitsuhiko Sano, Ichthyol Res (2005) 52: 9–14 12Foraging behavior of a generalist marine top predator, Japanese cormorants (Phalacrocorax filamentosus), in years of demersal versus epipelagic prey, Y. Watanuki, K. Ishikawa, A. Takahashi, A. Kato, Marine Biology (2004) 145: 427–434 13Feeding Habits of Japanese Spanish Mackerel in the Central and Western Waters of the Seto Inland Sea, Tatsu Kishida, Bull. Nansei Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. No. 20, 1986 14Feeding Habits of the Pantropical Spotted Dolphin, Stenella attenuata, off the Eastern Coast of Taiwan, Ming-Chih Wang, William A. Walker, Kwang-Tsao Shao and Lien-Siang Chou, Zoological Studies 42(2): 368-378 (2003) 15"Food habits of the longtail tuna, Thunnus tonggol from the south western region of the Sea of Japan", Kobayashi, T., Bulletin of Yamaguchi Prefectural Fisheries Research Center, March 2005, p. 41-43 16Feeding habits and ontogenetic diet shift of hairtail fish (Trichiurus lepturus) in East China Sea and Yelow Sea, ZHANG Bo, Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004 17Feeding ecology of hairtail Trichiurus margarites and largehead hairtail Trichiurus lepturus in the Beibu Gulf, the South China Sea, YAN Yunrong (颜云榕), HOU Gang (侯刚), CHEN Junlan (陈骏岚), LU Huosheng (卢伙胜), JIN Xianshi (金显仕), Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Vol. 29 No. 1, P. 174-183, 2011 18Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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