Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Engraulis > Engraulis mordax
 

Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta; North Pacific anchovy; Northern anchovy; Anchovies; Anchovy; Bay anchovy; Californian anchovy; Large z'anchois; Pinhead; Rainbow smelt)

Synonyms: Anchovia maui; Anchoviella mauii; Engraulis mordax mordax; Engraulis nanus; Engraulus mordax
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Wikipedia Abstract

The California anchovy or northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax) is a species of anchovy found in the Pacific Ocean, ranging from Mexico to British Columbia.
View Wikipedia Record: Engraulis mordax

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[2]
Catatropis johnstoni[2]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[2]
Euhaplorchis californiensis[2]
Himasthla rhigedana[2]
Hysterolecitha trilocalis[2]
Mesostephanus appendiculatus[2]
Parorchis acanthus[2]
Phocitremoides ovale[2]
Pygidiopsoides spindalis[2]
Renicola buchanani[2]
Renicola cerithidicola[2]
Stictodora hancocki[2]

Predators

Alopias superciliosus (Whiptail)[3]
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)[4]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[5]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[5]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[2]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[6]
Calonectris edwardsii (Cape Verde Shearwater)[2]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[7]
Chlidonias albostriatus (Black-fronted Tern)[2]
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae (Silver Gull)[2]
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)[5]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[2]
Chroicocephalus scopulinus (Red-billed Gull)[2]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[8]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[9]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[2]
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)[6]
Eudyptula minor (Fairy Penguin)[2]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[5]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[6]
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)[2]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[5]
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)[5]
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)[2]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[2]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[2]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[2]
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)[5]
Kajikia audax (Stripey)[2]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[10]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[11]
Lampetra ayresii (Parasitic river lamprey)[2]
Larosterna inca (Inca Tern)[2]
Larus californicus (California Gull)[5]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[2]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[5]
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)[2]
Larus livens (Yellow-footed Gull)[2]
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)[6]
Larus pacificus (Pacific Gull)[2]
Lepidopus fitchi (Black scabbardfish)[2]
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)[6]
Leucocarbo chalconotus (bronze shag)[2]
Leucocarbo onslowi (Chatham Islands shag)[2]
Leucocarbo ranfurlyi (Bounty Islands shag)[2]
Lutjanus guttatus (mutton snapper)[12]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[2]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[2]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[2]
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)[13]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[2]
Mustelus henlei (brown smoothhound)[2]
Myliobatis californica (Bat eagle ray)[2]
Nesofregetta fuliginosa (Polynesian Storm Petrel)[2]
Oceanodroma castro (Band-rumped Storm-Petrel)[2]
Oceanodroma matsudairae (Matsudaira's Storm Petrel)[2]
Oceanodroma microsoma (Least Storm-Petrel)[2]
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[5]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[5]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[5]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[5]
Papasula abbotti (Abbott's Booby)[2]
Paralichthys californicus (Halibut)[5]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[2]
Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican)[2]
Pelecanus occidentalis (Brown Pelican)[5]
Pelecanus thagus (Peruvian Pelican)[2]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax featherstoni (Pitt Island shag)[2]
Phalacrocorax fuscescens (Black-faced Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax harrisi (Flightless Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax punctatus (spotted shag)[2]
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (Little Black Cormorant)[2]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[2]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[5]
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)[6]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[2]
Puffinus assimilis (Little Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus auricularis (Townsend's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus carneipes (Flesh-footed Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)[5]
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus huttoni (Hutton's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus lherminieri (Audubon's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)[14]
Puffinus pacificus (Wedge-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)[5]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[5]
Sarda chiliensis (bonite du pacifique oriental)[2]
Scorpaena guttata (finscaled scoprionfish)[2]
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)[2]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[6]
Sebastes entomelas (Widow rockfish)[5]
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)[2]
Sebastes miniatus (Vermilion rockfish)[2]
Seriphus politus (Drum)[15]
Spheniscus demersus (Jackass Penguin)[2]
Spheniscus humboldti (Humboldt Penguin)[2]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[2]
Spheniscus mendiculus (Galapagos Penguin)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Sterna acuticauda (Black-bellied Tern)[2]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[2]
Sterna hirundinacea (South American Tern)[2]
Sterna repressa (White-cheeked Tern)[2]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[2]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[2]
Sternula balaenarum (Damara Tern)[2]
Sternula lorata (Peruvian Tern)[2]
Sternula nereis (Fairy Tern)[2]
Sternula saundersi (Saunders's Tern)[2]
Sternula superciliaris (Yellow-billed Tern)[2]
Sula dactylatra (Masked Booby)[2]
Sula granti (Nazca Booby)[2]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[2]
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)[2]
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)[2]
Synthliboramphus hypoleucus (Xantus's Murrelet)[5]
Thalassarche carteri (Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross)[2]
Thalasseus bengalensis (Lesser Crested Tern)[2]
Thalasseus bergii (Swift Tern)[2]
Thalasseus elegans (Elegant Tern)[2]
Thalasseus maximus (Royal Tern)[2]
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)[5]
Thunnus orientalis (Pacific bluefin tuna)[2]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[5]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[5]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[8]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[6]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[2]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[6]
Zalophus japonicus (Japanese Sealion)[2]
Zalophus wollebaeki (Galapagos Sea Lion)[2]
Zapteryx exasperata (Striped guitarfish)[16]

Providers

Parasite of 
Parahemiurus merus[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Parahemiurus merus[17]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science

Distribution

California Current; Canada; Mexico; Northeast Pacific: northern Vancouver Island south to Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Two subspecies recognized: <i>Engraulis mordax mordax</i> from British Columbia to Baja California and <i>Engraulis mordax nanus</i> in Bays of California.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3FEEDING HABITS OF THE BIGEYE THRESHER SHARK (ALOPIAS SUPERCILIOSUS) SAMPLED FROM THE CALIFORNIA-BASED DRIFT GILLNET FISHERY, ANTONELLA PRETI, SUZANNE KOHIN, HEIDI DEWAR, AND DARLENE RAMON, CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 49, 2008, pp. 202-211 4FEEDING HABITS OF THE COMMON THRESHER SHARK (ALOPIAS VULPINUS) SAMPLED FROM THE CALIFORNIA-BASED DRIFT GILL NET FISHERY, 1998-1999, ANTONELLA PRETI, SUSAN E. SMITH AND DARLENE A. RAMON, CalCOFl Rep., Vol. 42, 2001 5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 7Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993) 8Habitat Partitioning by Three Species of Dolphins in Santa Monica Bay, California, Maddalena Bearzi, Coastal Environmental Quality Initiative, 07-08-2003 9PREDATORY INTERACTIONS AND NICHE OVERLAP BETWEEN MAKO SHARK, ISURUS OXYRINCHUS, AND JUMBO SQUID, DOSIDICUS GIGAS, IN THE CALIFORNIA CURRENT, RUSS VETTER, SUZANNE KOHIN, ANTONELLA PRETI, SAM MCCLATCHIE AND HEIDI DEWAR, CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 49, 2008 10THE FOOD OF YELLOWFIN AND SKIPJACK TUNAS IN THE EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN, FRANKLIN G. ALVERSON, INTER-AMERICAN TROPICAL TUNA COMMISSION Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 5 (1963) 11Occurrence, photo-identification and prey of Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhyncus obliquidens) in the Broughton Archipelago, Canada 1984-1998, Alexandra Morton, Marine Mammal Science Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 80-93. Jan 2000 12The Use of Stable Isotopes and Stomach Contents to Identify Dietary Components of the Spotted Rose Snapper, Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner, 1869) off the Eastern Coast of the Southern Gulf of California, Tripp-Valdez, Arturo; Arreguín-Sánchez, Francisco, Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 4 (6): 274-284, 2009 13Mirounga angustirostris, Brent S. Stewart and Harriet R. Huber, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 449, pp. 1-10 (1993) 14Keitt, B.S., Tershy, B.R. & Croll, D.A. 2000. Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas) In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds). The birds of North America. No. 521. Philadelphia & Washington, DC: Academy of Natural Sciences & the American Ornithologists’ Union. 15DIEL AND DEPTH VARIATIONS IN THE SEX-SPECIFIC ABUNDANCE, SIZE COMPOSITION, AND FOOD HABITS OF QUEENFISH, SERIPHUS POLITUS (SCIAENIDAE), Edward E. DeMartini, Larry G. Allen, Robert K. Fountain, and Dale Roberts, FISHERY BULLETIN: VOL. 83, NO. 2, p. 171-185 16Feeding ecology and trophic level of the banded guitarfish, Zapteryx exasperata, inferred from stable isotopes and stomach contents analysis, María-del-Pilar Blanco-Parra, Felipe Galván-Magaña, J. Fernando Márquez-Farías, Carlos Alberto Niño-Torres, Environmental Biology of Fishes, September 2012, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 65-77 17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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