Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Engraulidae > Engraulis > Engraulis mordax

Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta; North Pacific anchovy; Northern anchovy; Anchovies; Anchovy; Bay anchovy; Californian anchovy; Large z'anchois; Pinhead; Rainbow smelt)

Synonyms: Anchovia maui; Anchoviella mauii; Engraulis mordax mordax; Engraulis nanus; Engraulus mordax
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Wikipedia Abstract

The California anchovy or northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax) is a species of anchovy found in the Pacific Ocean, ranging from Mexico to British Columbia.
View Wikipedia Record: Engraulis mordax


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada



Alopias superciliosus (Whiptail)[2]
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)[3]
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)[4]
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)[5]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[6]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[7]
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)[4]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[4]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[8]
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)[9]
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)[4]
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)[4]
Lutjanus guttatus (mutton snapper)[10]
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)[11]
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)[4]
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)[12]
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)[4]
Seriphus politus (Drum)[13]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[6]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[4]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[4]
Zapteryx exasperata (Striped guitarfish)[14]


Parasitized by 
Parahemiurus merus[15]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science


California Current; Canada; Mexico; Northeast Pacific: northern Vancouver Island south to Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Two subspecies recognized: <i>Engraulis mordax mordax</i> from British Columbia to Baja California and <i>Engraulis mordax nanus</i> in Bays of California.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2FEEDING HABITS OF THE BIGEYE THRESHER SHARK (ALOPIAS SUPERCILIOSUS) SAMPLED FROM THE CALIFORNIA-BASED DRIFT GILLNET FISHERY, ANTONELLA PRETI, SUZANNE KOHIN, HEIDI DEWAR, AND DARLENE RAMON, CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 49, 2008, pp. 202-211 3FEEDING HABITS OF THE COMMON THRESHER SHARK (ALOPIAS VULPINUS) SAMPLED FROM THE CALIFORNIA-BASED DRIFT GILL NET FISHERY, 1998-1999, ANTONELLA PRETI, SUSAN E. SMITH AND DARLENE A. RAMON, CalCOFl Rep., Vol. 42, 2001 4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 5Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993) 6Habitat Partitioning by Three Species of Dolphins in Santa Monica Bay, California, Maddalena Bearzi, Coastal Environmental Quality Initiative, 07-08-2003 7PREDATORY INTERACTIONS AND NICHE OVERLAP BETWEEN MAKO SHARK, ISURUS OXYRINCHUS, AND JUMBO SQUID, DOSIDICUS GIGAS, IN THE CALIFORNIA CURRENT, RUSS VETTER, SUZANNE KOHIN, ANTONELLA PRETI, SAM MCCLATCHIE AND HEIDI DEWAR, CalCOFI Rep., Vol. 49, 2008 8THE FOOD OF YELLOWFIN AND SKIPJACK TUNAS IN THE EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN, FRANKLIN G. ALVERSON, INTER-AMERICAN TROPICAL TUNA COMMISSION Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 5 (1963) 9Occurrence, photo-identification and prey of Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhyncus obliquidens) in the Broughton Archipelago, Canada 1984-1998, Alexandra Morton, Marine Mammal Science Vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 80-93. Jan 2000 10The Use of Stable Isotopes and Stomach Contents to Identify Dietary Components of the Spotted Rose Snapper, Lutjanus guttatus (Steindachner, 1869) off the Eastern Coast of the Southern Gulf of California, Tripp-Valdez, Arturo; Arreguín-Sánchez, Francisco, Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 4 (6): 274-284, 2009 11Mirounga angustirostris, Brent S. Stewart and Harriet R. Huber, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 449, pp. 1-10 (1993) 12Keitt, B.S., Tershy, B.R. & Croll, D.A. 2000. Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas) In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds). The birds of North America. No. 521. Philadelphia & Washington, DC: Academy of Natural Sciences & the American Ornithologists’ Union. 13DIEL AND DEPTH VARIATIONS IN THE SEX-SPECIFIC ABUNDANCE, SIZE COMPOSITION, AND FOOD HABITS OF QUEENFISH, SERIPHUS POLITUS (SCIAENIDAE), Edward E. DeMartini, Larry G. Allen, Robert K. Fountain, and Dale Roberts, FISHERY BULLETIN: VOL. 83, NO. 2, p. 171-185 14Feeding ecology and trophic level of the banded guitarfish, Zapteryx exasperata, inferred from stable isotopes and stomach contents analysis, María-del-Pilar Blanco-Parra, Felipe Galván-Magaña, J. Fernando Márquez-Farías, Carlos Alberto Niño-Torres, Environmental Biology of Fishes, September 2012, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 65-77 15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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