Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cyprinodontiformes > Fundulidae > Fundulus > Fundulus grandis

Fundulus grandis (Gulf killifish)

Synonyms: Fundulus floridensis; Fundulus grandis grandis; Fundulus pallidus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Gulf killifish, Fundulus grandis, is one of the largest members of the genus Fundulus; it is capable of growing up to 18 cm in length, whereas the majority of other Fundulus reach a maximum length of 10 cm. Therefore, F. grandis is among the largest minnows preyed upon by many sport fish, such as flounder, speckled trout, and red snapper. Fundulus derives from the Latin meaning "bottom," and grandis means "large". The Gulf killifish is native the Gulf of Mexico from Texas to Florida and the eastern coast of Florida to Cuba in the Atlantic Ocean. Threats to the survival of the Gulf killifish include extreme changes in salinity, changes in temperatures, and toxic events such as the hypoxic dead zone in Louisiana and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The Gulf killifish is currently being u
View Wikipedia Record: Fundulus grandis


Migration [1]  Potamodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States

Prey / Diet

Alitta succinea (pile worm)[2]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[2]
Clibanarius vittatus (thinstripe hermit)[2]
Crepidula plana (eastern white slippersnail)[2]
Cyathura polita (Slender isopod)[2]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[2]
Fundulus grandis (Gulf killifish)[2]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[2]
Gammarus mucronatus[2]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[2]
Grandidierella bonnieroides[2]
Laeonereis culveri (Culver's sandworm)[2]
Leptochelia rapax[2]
Menidia beryllina (Waxen silverside)[2]
Nasiaeschna pentacantha (Cyrano Darner)[2]
Nereis pelagica (gewone zeeduizendpoot)[2]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[2]
Poecilia latipinna (Sailfin molly)[2]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[2]
Ruppia cirrhosa (spiral ditchgrass)[2]


Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)[2]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[2]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[2]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[3]
Fundulus grandis (Gulf killifish)[2]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[2]


Parasitized by 
Ascocotyle diminuta[2]
Gyrodactylus stephanus[2]
Octospiniferoides chandleri[4]
Southwellina hispida[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Florida Aquarium

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Western Central; Caribbean Sea; Cuba; Gulf of Mexico; Mexico; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: northeastern Florida to Key West in USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Cuba.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access