Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Lepisosteiformes > Lepisosteidae > Lepisosteus > Lepisosteus platostomus

Lepisosteus platostomus (Shortnose gar)

Synonyms: Cylindrosteus rafinesquii; Cylindrosteus scabiceps; Cylindrosteus scabriceps; Lepisosteus albus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The shortnose gar (Lepisosteus platostomus) is a primitive freshwater fish of the family Lepisosteidae. It is native to the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepisosteus platostomus


Adult Weight [3]  3.15 lbs (1.43 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  35 inches (88 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  36,460
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States

Prey / Diet

Farfantepenaeus aztecus (brown shrimp)[4]


Homo sapiens (man)[4]


Parasitized by 
Macroderoides typicus <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramacroderoides pseudoechinus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; North America: USA in Mississippi River basin from south central Ohio, north Indiana, and Wisconsin to Montana and south to north Alabama and Louisiana; Lake Michigan drainage, Wisconsin ; Calcasieu and Mermentau rivers on Louisiana Gulf Coast.; Tennessee; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access