Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Lepomis > Lepomis macrochirus
 

Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill; Bluegill sunfish; Sunfish)

Synonyms: Lepomis macrochira
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Wikipedia Abstract

For the exoatmospheric nuclear test, refer to Bluegill (nuclear test).The Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish sometimes referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose. It is a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae of the order Perciformes. It is native to North America and lives in streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. It is commonly found east of the Rockies. It usually hides around, and inside, old tree stumps and other underwater structures.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepomis macrochirus

Attributes

Adult Weight [3]  2.60 lbs (1.18 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Adult Length [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  50,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Bonneville United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Central Prairie United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
English - Winnipeg Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Guzman - Samalayuca Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Lahontan United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Southern California Coastal - Baja California Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Snake United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
San Francisco Peninsular Watershed County Wildlife Refuge or Management Area 30320 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States

Emblem of

Illinois

Prey / Diet

Corbicula fluminea (Asiatic clam)[4]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[4]
Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Brackish water mussel)[4]
Neomysis awatschensis[4]
Notropis boucardi (Balsas shiner)[4]

Predators

Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)[5]
Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Amia calva (Bowfin)[4]
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)[6]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[4]
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)[4]
Cichla ocellaris (Tucunare)[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Esox masquinongy (Maskinonge)[4]
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Morone chrysops (White perch)[4]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[4]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[4]
Pomoxis annularis (Calicos bass)[4]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[4]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[7]
Actinocleidus brevicirrus <Unverified Name>[7]
Actinocleidus fergusoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Actinocleidus gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Amphimerus elongatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Anchoradiscus anchoradiscus[7]
Anchoradiscus triangularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascocotyle tenuicollis[7]
Barbulostomum cupuloris[7]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[7]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[7]
Bunodera luciopercae[7]
Bunodera sacculata[7]
Camallanus ancylodirus <Unverified Name>[7]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[7]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cleidodiscus nematocirrus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cleidodiscus robustus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cleidodiscus vernardi <Unverified Name>[7]
Clinostomum marginatum[7]
Clinostomum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[7]
Crepidostomum cooperi[7]
Crepidostomum cornutum[7]
Crepidostomum ictaluri <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomulum scheuringi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus donaldsoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[7]
Eocollis arcanus[7]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[7]
Genarchopsis goppo <Unverified Name>[7]
Gnathostoma doloresi <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus macrochiri <Unverified Name>[7]
Haplocleidus dispar[7]
Haplocleidus furcatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Homalometron armatum[7]
Homalometron cupuloris[7]
Huffmanela huffmani <Unverified Name>[7]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[7]
Lyrodiscus longibasus <Unverified Name>[7]
Lyrodiscus seminolensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[7]
Onchocleidus acer <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus acuminatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus attenuatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus chaenobryttus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus cyanellus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus dispar <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus distinctus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus ferox[7]
Onchocleidus furcatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus perdix <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus principalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Onchocleidus variabilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus[7]
Phagicola nana <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum pearsei <Unverified Name>[7]
Pilum pilum[7]
Pisciamphistoma reynoldsi <Unverified Name>[7]
Pisciamphistoma stunkardi[7]
Plagioporus lepomis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[7]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[7]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[7]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[7]
Proteocephalus plecoglossi <Unverified Name>[7]
Proteocephalus singularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Proterometra macrostoma[7]
Pterocleidus acer <Unverified Name>[7]
Pterocleidus biramosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[7]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Spinitectus micracanthus <Unverified Name>[7]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[7]
Thometrema lotzi[7]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[7]
Urocleidus acer <Unverified Name>[7]
Urocleidus dispar <Unverified Name>[7]
Urocleidus ferox <Unverified Name>[7]
Uvulifer ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
EcoTarium
El Paso Zoo
Elmwood Park Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Henry Vilas Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Louisville Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Prospect Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Staten Island Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Brazil; Canada; Congo, Republic of; Cuba; El Salvador; Ethiopian; Great Lakes; Hawaii (USA); Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Japan; Kenya; Korea, Republic of; Kum; Lake Biwa; Lake Waccamaw; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Morocco; Nakdong; Nearctic; Neotropical; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes and Mississippi river basin; from Quebec to northern Mexico. Widely introduced. Trade restricted in Germany (Anl.3 BArtSchV). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Palearctic; Panama; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; South Africa; St. Lawrence; Swaziland; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Youngsan; Zambezi; Zambia; Zimbabwe;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Sexual dimorphism in head shape and diet in the cottonmouth snake (Agkistrodon piscivorus), Shawn E. Vincent, Anthony Herrel and Duncan J. Irschick, J. Zool., Lond. (2004) 264, 53–59 6Aonyx capensis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 671, pp. 1–6 (2001) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access