Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Merlucciidae > Merluccius > Merluccius capensis
 

Merluccius capensis (Cape hake; Hake; Shallow-water Cape hake; Shallow-water hake; South African whiting; Stockfish; Whiting)

Synonyms: Merluccius capensis capensis; Merluccius merluccius capensis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The shallow-water Cape hake or South African hake (Merluccius capensis) is a ray-finned fish in the genus Merluccius, found in the south-eastern Atlantic Ocean, along the coast of South Africa. It is a long, lean fish with a large head, similar in appearance to the European hake and the deep-water Cape hake. By day, it lives close to the bottom on the continental shelf and upper slope at depths not usually exceeding 400 m (1,300 ft); it makes a large, daily vertical migration rising at night to feed in the nectonic zone, and it also migrates southwards in spring and northwards in autumn. It is an important commercial fish species in southern Africa,
View Wikipedia Record: Merluccius capensis

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[2]
Funchalia woodwardi[2]
Lampanyctodes hectoris (Lanternfish)[2]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius capensis (Cape hake)[2]
Nyctiphanes capensis[2]
Sepia australis (southern cuttlefish)[3]
Themisto gaudichaudii[2]
Trachurus picturatus (Scad)[2]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chelidonichthys capensis (Gurnard)1
Holohalaelurus regani (Mottled dog-fish)1
Leucoraja wallacei (Yellowspotted skate)1
Lophius vomerinus (Cape monk)1
Raja clavata (Roker)1
Scyliorhinus capensis (Yellowspotted catshark)1

Predators

Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)[4]
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)[5]
Lophius vomerinus (Cape monk)[6]
Merluccius capensis (Cape hake)[2]
Morus capensis (Cape Gannet)[7]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[8]
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[9]
Anisakis simplex[9]
Anthocotyle merluccii[9]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[9]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[2]
Capillaria merluccii <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria namibiensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Clestobothrium crassiceps[9]
Corynosoma strumosum[9]
Grillotia heptanchi[9]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[9]
Parahemiurus merus[9]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[9]
Stephanostomum multispinosum[9]
Stephanostomum solontschenkae[9]
Thominx gracilis <Unverified Name>[9]

Distribution

Angola; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Namibia; South Africa; Southeast Atlantic: Baie Farte, Angola around Cape to Natal, South Africa. Also found on Valdivia Bank (26°18'S, 6°20'E).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
4Feeding pattern of the kingklip (Genypterus capensis)and its effect on the hake (Merluccius capensis) resource off the coast of Namibia, E. Macpherson, Marine Biology 78, 105-112 (1983)
5Kogia simus, David Nagorsen, Mammalian Species No. 239, pp. 1-6 (1985)
6Daily ration and feeding periodicity of some fishes off the coast of Namibia, E. Macpherson, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser 26: 253-260, 1985
7A. L. Batchelora & G. J. B. Rossa, THE DIET AND IMPLICATIONS OF DIETARY CHANGE OF CAPE GANNETS ON BIRD ISLAND, ALGOA BAY, Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology Volume 55, Issue 2, 1984
8Jackson, S. (1988). Diets of the white-chinned petrel and sooty shearwater in the southern Benguela Region, South Africa Condor 90, 20–28
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access