Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Pellonula > Pellonula leonensis
 

Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat; Muffin sprat; Sardine; Smalltoothed pellonula)

Synonyms: Microthrissa afzeliusi; Microthrissa miri; Microthrissa normanae; Microthrissa normani; Pellonula afzeliusi; Pellonula afzeliusi miri; Pellonula azeliusi; Pellonula miri; Pelonula afzeliusi
Language: Czech; Danish; Ewe; French; Hausa; Igbo; Ijo; Mandarin Chinese; Nupe; Portuguese; Spanish; Yoruba

Attributes

Migration [1]  Anadromous

Prey / Diet

Coptodon guineensis (Guinean tilapia)[2]
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[2]
Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat)[3]
Sardinella maderensis (Madeiran sardinella)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)2
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)2
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)3
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)3
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)2
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)2
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)2
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)1
Ilisha africana (West African ilisha)1
Lutjanus goreensis (Grouper)1
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)3
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)2
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)3
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)3
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)3
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)3
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)3
Trachinotus teraia (Shortfin pompano)2
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)2

Predators

Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)[3]
Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat)[3]
Schilbe mystus (Silver catfish)[4]
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Neobivagina pelotretis[3]

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: lagoons, lakes, lower and upper reaches of rivers from Senegal to Cameroon, also in lower reaches of coastal river basins from Cameroon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, upper Niger and lower Benue, apparently not in upper parts of Congo syste; Africa: lagoons, lakes, lower and upper reaches of rivers from Senegal to Cameroon, also in lower reaches of coastal river basins from Cameroon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, upper Niger and lower Benue, apparently not in upper parts of Congo system (Ref. 2244). Also recorded from Cross (Ref. 2849).; Angola; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Bandama River; Benin; Benue River; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Cavally River; Chad; Comoé River; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cross River; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopian; Fatala; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Great Scarcies; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Kainji Lake; Lake Chad/Chari River; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Nipoué; Ouémé River; Pra River; Saint John; Saloum; Sanaga; Sassandra River; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Tano; Togo; Volta; Zaïre; Ébrié Lagoon;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4"The food and feeding habits of Eutropius niloticus (Ruppell), family Schilbeidae (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes) in Lake Kainji, Nigeria", Akinola A. Olatunde, Hydrobiologia February 1978, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 197-207
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