Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Trichiuridae > Trichiurus > Trichiurus lepturus
 

Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish; Australian hairtail; Common hairtail; Cutlass fish; Cutlassfish; Grey ribbon fish; Hair tail; Hairtail; Large headed hairtail; Largehead hairtail; Large-head ribbonfish; Largeheaded ribbonfish; Pacific cutlassfish; Ribbon fish; Silverfish; Ribbonfish; Large-headed ribbonfish)

Synonyms: Clupea haumela; Trachiurus lepturus; Trichiuris haumela; Trichiurus argenteus; Trichiurus japanicus; Trichiurus japonicus; Trichiurus lajor; Trichiurus lepturus japonicus; Trichiurus malabaricus; Trichiurus nitens; Trichurus lepturus; Trichyurus lepturus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Banton; Bengali; Bikol; Bolinao; Burmese; Cantonese; Catalan; Cebuano; Chavacano; Croatian; Danish; Davawenyo; Fijian; Finnish; French; Gen-Gbe; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hiligaynon; Ilokano; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kagayanen; Kannada; Kapampangan; Korean; Kuyunon; Makassarese; Malay; Malayalam; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Norwegian; Oriya; Other; Pangasinan; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Serer; Somali; Spanish; Susu; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tamil; Telugu; Turkish; Unknown; Vietnamese; Vili; Visayan; Waray-waray; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The largehead hairtail (also beltfish), Trichiurus lepturus, is a member of the cutlassfish family, Trichiuridae. It is a long, slender fish found throughout the tropical and temperate oceans of the world. The Atlantic, East Pacific and Northwest Pacific populations are also known as Atlantic cutlassfish, Pacific cutlassfish and Japanese cutlassfish, respectively.Largehead hairtails can grow to 2.34 m (7.7 ft) in length, although most only are 1 m (3.3 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Trichiurus lepturus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  6.06 lbs (2.75 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  15 years
Migration [2]  Amphidromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Prey / Diet

Abralia andamanica[4]
Acanthopagrus latus (Yellow-finned black porgy)[4]
Acetes americanus (aviu shrimp)[5]
Acetes chinensis (northern mauxia shrimp)[6]
Acropoma japonicum (Blackmouth splitfin)[4]
Alepes kleinii (Sharp-bellied scad)[4]
Ammodytes personatus (Pacific sandlance)[6]
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[7]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[8]
Brachydeuterus auritus (burrito)[9]
Bregmaceros nectabanus (Australian codlet)[4]
Bregmaceros rarisquamosus (Bigeye codlet)[4]
Calanus sinicus[6]
Conger conger (Conger)[8]
Decapterus maruadsi (White-tipped mackerel scad)[6]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[7]
Encrasicholina heteroloba (Shorthead anchovy)[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Equulites lineolatus (lined ponyfish)[4]
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[9]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[6]
Euprymna berryi (humming-bird bobtail squid)[4]
Farfantepenaeus notialis (camarón rosado sureño)[8]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[8]
Gazza minuta (Toothpony)[8]
Gilvossius setimanus[5]
Harengula clupeola (Sardine)[7]
Harengula jaguana (Guiana harring)[7]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[10]
Jaydia lineata (Cardinal fish)[6]
Johnius belangerii (River perch)[6]
Latreutes anoplonyx (medusa shrimp)[6]
Leptochela gracilis (lesser glass shrimp)[6]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[8]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[8]
Maurolicus stehmanni[8]
Nemipterus bipunctatus (Giant pink perch)[8]
Oratosquilla oratoria[4]
Palaemon gravieri (Chinese ditch prawn)[6]
Pristipomoides aquilonaris (Wenchman)[7]
Pseudeuphausia latifrons[6]
Sardinella fimbriata (Fringe-scale sardinella)[8]
Sardinella jussieu (Mauritian sardinella)[4]
Sardinella maderensis (Madeiran sardinella)[9]
Sarotherodon melanotheron (blackchin tilapia)[9]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[8]
Sepia australis (southern cuttlefish)[8]
Sepia brevimana (shortclub cuttlefish)[8]
Stolephorus commersonnii (Commerson's anchovy)[4]
Thryssa dussumieri (Long anchovy)[4]
Thryssa hamiltonii (Northern anchovy)[4]
Thryssa setirostris (Orangemouth thryssa)[4]
Trachurus lathami (Rough scad)[8]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[6]
Upeneus parvus (Goatfish)[7]
Upeneus vittatus (bartailed goatfish)[8]
Uroteuthis chinensis[4]
Zenopsis conchifer (Silvery John dory)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acropoma japonicum (Blackmouth splitfin)2
Argyrosomus hololepidotus (Southern meagre)2
Caranx hippos (Yellow cavalli)4
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)2
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)2
Ceryle rudis (Pied Kingfisher)2
Chirocentrus nudus (smooth wolf herring)2
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)2
Cleisthenes herzensteini (pointhead flounder)2
Cynoglossus joyneri (Red tongue sole)2
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)2
Cynoscion arenarius (Sand seatrout)3
Cynoscion nothus (Silver weakfish)2
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)3
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)3
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)2
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)2
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)2
Larimichthys polyactis (Yellowfish)3
Lophius litulon (Anglerfish)2
Paralichthys olivaceus (Olive flounder)2
Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat)2
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)3
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)2
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)3
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)3
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)3
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)4
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)3
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)2
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)4
Sphyraena guachancho (Sockeye)2
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)2
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)3
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)5
Trachinotus teraia (Shortfin pompano)2
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)13
Zeus faber (European john dory)2

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[11]
Arctocephalus australis (South American Fur Seal)[8]
Bagre marinus (Slooprig)[8]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[8]
Carcharhinus porosus (Small-tailed shark)[8]
Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Yellowtail)[8]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[8]
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)[12]
Cynoscion nothus (Silver weakfish)[7]
Delphinus capensis (Long-beaked Common Dolphin)[13]
Dryococelus australis (Lord Howe Island Stick Insect)[8]
Euthynnus affinis (Yaito bonito)[8]
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)[8]
Harpadon nehereus (Bombay duck)[14]
Hyporthodus flavolimbatus (Grouper)[8]
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)[8]
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)[15]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[16]
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)[8]
Lutjanus synagris (Walliacke)[17]
Macrodon ancylodon (Yellow mouth salmon)[18]
Muraenesox cinereus (Dagger-tooth pike-conger)[19]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[8]
Pontoporia blainvillei (Franciscana)[8]
Pseudotolithus senegallus (Law croaker)[8]
Rhizoprionodon acutus (Yellow dog shark)[20]
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)[21]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[8]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[8]
Scomberomorus niphonius (Spotted Spanish mackerel)[22]
Scomberomorus sierra (Mexican sierra)[23]
Selene peruviana (Jack)[23]
Sotalia fluviatilis (Tucuxi)[24]
Sotalia guianensis (costero)[25]
Sousa chinensis (Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin)[8]
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)[26]
Stenella frontalis (Atlantic Spotted Dolphin)[8]
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)[8]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[27]
Terapon jarbua (Tiger-perch)[28]
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)[8]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[6]
Trichiurus margarites (hairtail)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[13]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[29]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[8]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[8]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[8]
Floriceps saccatus[8]
Lecithochirium microstomum[8]
Plerurus digitatus[8]
Prodistomum orientalis[8]
Terranova trichiuri[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amplicaecum singhi <Unverified Name>[30]
Angusticaecum singhi <Unverified Name>[30]
Anisakis simplex[30]
Aponurus megaloporus <Unverified Name>[30]
Bolbosoma scomberomori[30]
Bucephalopsis scombropsis <Unverified Name>[30]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[30]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[30]
Camallanus carangis <Unverified Name>[30]
Camallanus dollfusi <Unverified Name>[30]
Camallanus marinus <Unverified Name>[30]
Camallanus trichiuris <Unverified Name>[30]
Cloeoascaris trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Ectenurus trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Erilepturus trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Floriceps saccatus[30]
Heptachona sindica <Unverified Name>[30]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[30]
Indocucullanus trichiurisi <Unverified Name>[30]
Lecithochirium acutum <Unverified Name>[30]
Lecithochirium branchialis[30]
Lecithochirium fusiforme[30]
Lecithochirium holocentri <Unverified Name>[30]
Lecithochirium microstomum[30]
Lecithochirium trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Lecithocladium pagrosomi <Unverified Name>[30]
Lecithocladium parviovum <Unverified Name>[30]
Musculovesicula trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Octoplectanocotyla trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[30]
Otobothrium cysticum[30]
Plerurus carangis <Unverified Name>[30]
Plerurus digitatus[30]
Plerurus hainanensis <Unverified Name>[30]
Plerurus longicaudatus <Unverified Name>[30]
Plerurus spatulocirrus <Unverified Name>[30]
Plerurus trichiuri <Unverified Name>[30]
Prodistomum orientalis[30]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[30]
Pterobothrium interruptum <Unverified Name>[30]
Pulchrascaris secunda <Unverified Name>[30]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[30]
Sterrhurus branchialis <Unverified Name>[30]
Terranova trichiuri[30]
Tubulovesicula anguillae <Unverified Name>[30]
Tubulovesicula angusticauda[30]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Calauag Bay; California Current; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Caribbean Sea; Carigara Bay; Cayman Islands; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chiku River; China; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Davao Gulf; Denmark; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; East Timor; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Erhjen River; Eritrea; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; Gabon; Galician Shelf; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Oman; Gulf of Thailand; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Hong Kong; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Kuwait; Lagonoy Gulf; Laguna de Términos; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lingayen Gulf; Madagascar; Malaysia; Malta; Manila Bay; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Oman; Ormoc Bay; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Panama; Panguil Bay; Papua New Guinea; Patagonian Shelf; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Qatar; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samar Sea; San Miguel Bay; San Pedro Bay; Sao Tomé and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Sea of Japan; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Sogod Bay; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; Sorsogon Bay; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tayabas Bay; Thailand; Throughout tropical and temperate waters of the world. <i>Trichiurus japonicus</i> which was originally described from Japan as <i>Trichiurus lepturus japonicus</i> was synonymized with <i>Trichiurus lepturus</i>. Another nominal species synonymized wit; Throughout tropical and temperate waters of the world. <i>Trichiurus japonicus</i> which was originally described from Japan as <i>Trichiurus lepturus japonicus</i> was synonymized with <i>Trichiurus lepturus</i>. Another nominal species synonymized with <i>Trichiurus lepturus</i> is <i>Trichiurus nitens</i> from the eastern Pacific Ocean (California to Peru).; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Yellow Sea; Yemen; Ébrié Lagoon;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Feeding ecology of hairtail Trichiurus margarites and largehead hairtail Trichiurus lepturus in the Beibu Gulf, the South China Sea, YAN Yunrong (颜云榕), HOU Gang (侯刚), CHEN Junlan (陈骏岚), LU Huosheng (卢伙胜), JIN Xianshi (金显仕), Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Vol. 29 No. 1, P. 174-183, 2011 5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 6Feeding habits and ontogenetic diet shift of hairtail fish (Trichiurus lepturus) in East China Sea and Yelow Sea, ZHANG Bo, Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004 7TROPHIC RELATIONSHIPS OF DEMERSAL FISHES IN THE SHRIMPING ZONE OFF ALVARADO LAGOON, VERACRUZ, MEXICO, Edgar Peláez-Rodríguez, Jonathan Franco-López, Wilfredo A. Matamoros, Rafael Chavez-López, and Nancy J. Brown-Peterson, Gulf and Caribbean Research Vol 17, 157–167, 2005 8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 9Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477 10CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 11Diet of Wahoo, Acanthocybium solandri, from the Northcentral Gulf of Mexico, JAMES S. FRANKS, ERIC R. HOFFMAYER, JAMES R. BALLARD, NIKOLA M. GARBER, and AMBER F. GARBER, Proceedings of the 60th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute November 5 - 9, 2007 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, p. 353-362 12Seasonal variation in the diets of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Pomatomidae) and striped weakfish, Cynoscion guatucupa (Sciaenidae) in southern Brazil: implications of food partitioning, Flavia M. Lucena, Teodoro Vaske, Jr., Jim R. Ellis & Carl M. O’Brien, Environmental Biology of Fishes 57: 423–434, 2000. 13Insights on small cetacean feeding habits in southeastern Brazil, Marcos César de Oliveira Santos, Sergio Rosso, Roberta Aguiar dos Santos, Silvia Helena Bulizani Lucato, and Manuela Bassio, Aquatic Mammals 2002, 28.1, 38-45 14The Food and Feeding Habits of the Bombay Duck, Harpodon nehereus (Ham.) in the River Matlah (Bengal), T. V. R. Pillay, Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. India, no. 19, p. 427-435 (1953) 15Dietary composition of the sailfish Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder, 1792) from Parangipettai, southeast coast of India, V. Ravi and V. Sekar, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 52 (1) : 102 - 104, January - June 2010 16THE FOOD OF YELLOWFIN AND SKIPJACK TUNAS IN THE EASTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN, FRANKLIN G. ALVERSON, INTER-AMERICAN TROPICAL TUNA COMMISSION Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 5 (1963) 17Doncel, Oscar, and Jorge Paramo. "Food habits of the lane snapper, Lutjanus synagris (Perciformes: Lutjanidae), in the north zone of the Colombian Caribbean/Habitos alimenticios del pargo rayado, Lutjanus synagris (Perciformes: Lutjanidae), en la zona norte del Caribe colombiano." Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 38.3 (2010): 413+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014. 18FOOD AND FEEDING HABITS OF KING WEAKFISH, Macrodon ancylodon (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801) CAUGHT IN THE SOUTHERN COAST OF BRAZIL (LAT, 29° TO 32°S), Anastácio Afonso JURAS & Noriyoshi YAMAGUTI, Bolm Inst. oceanogr., S Paulo, 33(2):149-157, 1985 19"Seasonal and Growth Variation of Feeding Habit of Conger Eel (Muraenesox cinereus) in East China Sea", ZHANG Ya-zhou, ZHU Wen-bin, LI Peng-fei, Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University (Natural Science) 2010-03 20Food composition and distribution of elasmobranches on the shelf and upper slope of the Eastern Central Atlantic., Patokina F.A., Litvinov F.F., ICES CM 2005/N:26 21Feeding of the Brazilian sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Müller & Henle, 1839) from southern Brazil, By H. Bornatowski, M. R. Heithaus, V. Abilhoa and M. F. M. Corrêa, J. Appl. Ichthyol. (2012), 1–5 22Feeding Habits of Japanese Spanish Mackerel in the Central and Western Waters of the Seto Inland Sea, Tatsu Kishida, Bull. Nansei Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. No. 20, 1986 23Diet Composition of Fish Species from the Southern Continental Shelf of Colombia, R.H. López-Peralta and C.A.T. Arcila, Naga, WorldFish Center Quarterly (Vol. 25, No. 3 & 4) July-Dec 2002, p. 23-29 24Sotalia fluviatilis, Vera M. F. da Silva and R. C. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 527, pp. 1-7 (1996) 25Feeding habits of the Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae), in Norte Bay, southern Brazil, FÁBIO G. DAURA-JORGE, LEONARDO L. WEDEKIN and PAULO C. SIMÕES-LOPES, SCI. MAR., 75(1), March 2011, 163-169 26Feeding Habits of the Pantropical Spotted Dolphin, Stenella attenuata, off the Eastern Coast of Taiwan, Ming-Chih Wang, William A. Walker, Kwang-Tsao Shao and Lien-Siang Chou, Zoological Studies 42(2): 368-378 (2003) 27ECOLOGY OF INSHORE LIZARDFISH, Synodus foetens, IN THE NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO, Sarah Ann Branson Jeffers, Master of Science thesis, University of West Florida, 2007 28Stomach content analysis of Terapon jarbua (Forsskal) from Parangipettai coast, South East Coast of India, Manoharan J, Gopalakrishnan A, Varadharajan D, Thilagavathi B and Priyadharsini S, Adv. Appl. Sci. Res., 2012, 3(5):2605-2621 29Jung Hwa Choi, Bong Jun Sung, Dong Woo Lee, Jong Bin Kim, Taeck Yun Oh and Jung Nyun Kim, Feeding Habits of Yellow Goose Fish Lophius litulon and John Dory Zeus faber in the South Sea of Korea, Fish Aquat Sci 14(4), 435-441, 2011 30Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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