Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Hexagrammidae > Hexagrammos > Hexagrammos stelleri
 

Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling; White greening; Whitespotted greenling)

Synonyms: Chiropsis nebulosus; Chirus trigrammus; Hexagrammoides nudigenis; Hexagrammos asper; Labrax hexagrammus
Language: Danish; Haida; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Russian

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[1]
Artediellus pacificus (hookhorned sculpin)[1]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[1]
Crangon dalli (ridged crangon)[1]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[1]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[2]
Glebocarcinus oregonensis (pygmy rock crab)[3]
Gymnocanthus detrisus (Purplegray sculpin)[1]
Heptacarpus stimpsoni (Stimpson coastal shrimp)[3]
Limanda proboscidea (Longhead dab)[2]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[1]
Microcottus sellaris (Brightbelly sculpin)[1]
Myoxocephalus jaok (Plain sculpin)[2]
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)[1]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[2]
Parathemisto japonica[2]
Pugettia gracilis (graceful kelp crab)[3]
Spirontocaris ochotensis (oval blade shrimp)[1]
Triglops pingelii (Ribbed sculpin)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alcichthys elongatus1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)1
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)1
Bathyraja matsubarai (Dusky-purple skate)1
Bathyraja minispinosa (Smallthorn skate)1
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)1
Bathyraja violacea (Okhotsk skate)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)3
Blepsias cirrhosus (Silverspotted sculpin)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Careproctus furcellus (Emarginate snailfish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)2
Crystallichthys cyclospilus (Blotched snailfish)1
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)2
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)4
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)4
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)5
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)1
Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Red Irish lord)2
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)3
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)2
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)6
Hydrolagus colliei (Spotted rattfish)3
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)4
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)2
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Myoxocephalus ochotensis (Okhotsk sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)2
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)1
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rhacochilus vacca (Pile surfperch)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)2
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus (Sculpin)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1

Predators

Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[2]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Caudotestis opisthorchis[4]
Diplocotyle olrikii[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[4]
Neophasis oculata[4]
Nybelinia surmenicola[4]
Parahemiurus merus[4]
Podocotyle sinusacca[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
New York Aquarium
Rotterdam Zoo

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Beaufort Sea; Canada; Chukchi Sea; East Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; Japan; Kuroshio Current; North Pacific: Peter the Great Bay, Russia and the Sea of Japan to Cape Lisburne in the Chukchi Sea, Unimak Island in the Aleutian chain and Oregon, USA.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1The Diet of White-Spotted Greenling Hexagrammos stelleri (Hexagrammidae) on the West Kamchatka Shelf, V. V. Napazakov, Journal of Ichthyology, 2010, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 100–104
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access