Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Trachinidae > Echiichthys > Echiichthys vipera

Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever; Lesser weever fish; Sting-fish; Weever)

Synonyms: Echeiichthys vipera; Trachinus horridus; Trachinus vipera
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Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser weever (Echiichthys vipera) is a venomous weever of the family Trachinidae, in the order Perciformes, and the class Actinopterygii. It is generally found on the sandy sea beds of the open sea, near the shore. Lesser weevers may sting swimmers badly if disturbed in the water, and fishermen when they clean their fishing nets. The lesser weever grows up to 18 cm long, but generally less than 15 cm, with an elongated body. Its color can be described as greyish-brown on the back and silvery-white on the sides. It has no spines in front of its eyes.
View Wikipedia Record: Echiichthys vipera

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Borkum-Riffgrund 154559 Germany      
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Doggerbank 419820 Germany      
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Acartia longiremis[1]
Anomalocera patersoni[1]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[1]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[1]
Centropages typicus[1]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[1]
Ditrichocorycaeus anglicus[1]
Eurydice pulchra (gewone pissebed)[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Evadne nordmanni[1]
Gammarus locusta[1]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[2]
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (smoothed sandeel)[1]
Isias clavipes[1]
Jassa falcata (Mottled tube-making amphipod)[1]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[1]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[1]
Oithona similis[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[1]
Podon intermedius[1]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[1]
Praunus inermis[1]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[1]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[1]
Pseudocalanus minutus[1]
Schistomysis spiritus[1]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[1]
Temora longicornis[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)1


Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[1]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[1]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[1]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[1]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[1]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[1]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[3]
Raja clavata (Roker)[1]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[1]
Raja undulata (Painted ray)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[1]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[1]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[1]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[1]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[1]


Parasitized by 
Goezia ascaroides[5]
Grillotia erinaceus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoological Society of London


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Azores Islands; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: North Sea to the Mediterranean, Morocco and Madeira. Reported from the Canary Islands (Ref. 3397).; Egypt; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2The diet of demersal and semi-pelagic fish in the Thorntonbank wind farm: tracing changes using stomach analyses data, J. Derweduwen, S. Vandendriessche, T. Willems & K. Hostens, Offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea, Degraer, S., Brabant, R. & Rumes, B., (Eds.) (2012). Offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Heading for an understanding of environmental impacts. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical Models, Marine ecosystem management unit. 155 pp. + annexes.
3Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006)
4Ontogenetic dietary shift and feeding strategy of Raja undulata Lacepède, 1802 (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) on the Portuguese continental shelf, Teresa Moura, Ivone FigueIredo, Inês Farias, Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Ana Neves, Maria de Fátima Borges and Leonel Serrano Gordo, Scientia Marina 72(2) June 2008, 311-318
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access