Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Nototheniidae > Dissostichus > Dissostichus mawsoni
 

Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny; Antarctic cod; Antarctic toothfish; Giant Antarctic cod)

Synonyms: Dissosticus mawsoni
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Wikipedia Abstract

Dissostichus mawsoni, the Antarctic toothfish, is a species of cod icefish native to the Southern Ocean. It is often mistakenly referred to as an Antarctic cod, consistent with the misnaming of other notothenioid Antarctic fish as rock cods. However, notothenioid fishes are unrelated to cods, which are in another taxonomic order, the Gadiformes. The generic name Dissostichus is from the Greek dissos (twofold) and stichus (line) and refers to the presence of two long lateral lines, which are very important to the species’ ecology. The common name "toothfish" refers to the presence of biserial dentition in the upper jaw, thought to give it a shark-like appearance. The habitat of the Antarctic toothfish is in subzero degree water below latitude 60°S.
View Wikipedia Record: Dissostichus mawsoni

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  97.00 lbs (44.00 kg)
Maximum Longevity [2]  31 years

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Amblyraja georgiana (Antarctic starry skate)[3]
Antimora rostrata (flatnose codling)[4]
Calanoides acutus[3]
Calanus propinquus[3]
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)[4]
Chionobathyscus dewitti (Crocodile icefish)[3]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[3]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[5]
Gerlachea australis (Antarctic dragonfish)[3]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[3]
Macrourus whitsoni (Whitson's grenadier)[4]
Metridia gerlachei[3]
Muraenolepis microps (Smalleye moray cod)[4]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[3]
Pagetopsis macropterus (Crocodile icefish)[6]
Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Bald notothen)[6]
Paraliparis devriesi[3]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[6]
Pogonophryne permitini (Plunderfish)[4]
Thysanoessa macrura[3]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[4]
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)[4]
Trematomus loennbergii (Deepwater notothen)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)3
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)2
Bathydraco marri (Deepwater dragon)1
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)1
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)1
Champsocephalus esox (Pike icefish)1
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)1
Chionodraco hamatus (Crocodile icefish)1
Chionodraco myersi (Myers' icefish)1
Cryodraco antarcticus (Long-fingered icefish)1
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)4
Dacodraco hunteri (Crocodile icefish)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Gobionotothen angustifrons (Narrowhead rockcod)1
Gobionotothen gibberifrons (Humped rockcod)1
Gvozdarus svetovidovi (Naked-head toothfish)1
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)5
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)1
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)1
Lindbergichthys nudifrons (Yellowfin notie)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)1
Neopagetopsis ionah (Jonah's icefish)1
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Bald notothen)1
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)1
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)1
Trematomus newnesi (Dusky notothen)1
Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Antarctic dragonfish)1

Predators

Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)[5]
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)[3]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[4]
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)[5]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[5]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[7]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Corynosoma bullosum[8]
Corynosoma hamanni[8]
Corynosoma pseudohamanni[8]
Echinorhynchus petrotschenkoi[8]
Helicometra antarcticae[8]
Lecithaster macrocotyle[8]
Macvicaria georgiana[8]
Macvicaria pennelli[8]
Metacanthocephalus dalmori[8]
Neolebouria antarctica[8]
Neolepidapedon trematomi[8]
Onchobothrium antarcticum[8]

Distribution

Antarctic; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Antarctic; Pacific, Southwest; South Shetland Islands; Southern Ocean: circumpolar coastal Antarctic broadly to the Convergence (Ref. 11892). Endemic to the seas around (Ref. 5179).; Weddell Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4DIET OF THE ANTARCTIC TOOTHFISH (DISSOSTICHUS MAWSONI) FROM THE ROSS SEA, ANTARCTICA (SUBAREA 88.1), J.M. Fenaughty, D.W. Stevens, S.M. Hanchet, CCAMLR Science, Vol. 10 (2003): 113–123
5Who's Eating Who
6The evolution of neutrally buoyant notothenioid fishes: Their specializations and potential interactions in the Antarctic marine food web, J.T. Eastman, Antarctic Nutrient Cycles and Food Webs, Springer-Verlag 1985
7The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review, M. La Mesa, J. T. Eastman, M. Vacchi, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 321–338
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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