Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Thymallus > Thymallus arcticus
 

Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)

Synonyms: Coregonus signifer; Coregonus thymalloides; Salmo arcticus; Salmo signifer; Salmo thymalloides; Thymallus arcticus arcticus; Thymallus montanus; Thymallus signifer; Thymallus signifer tricolor; Thymallus tricolor; Thymallus tricolor montanus; Thymalus ontariensis

Wikipedia Abstract

Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family of order Salmoniformes. It comprises five subspecies native to the Nearctic and Palearctic ecozones. T. arcticus is widespread throughout the Arctic and Pacific drainages in Canada, Alaska, and Siberia, as well as the upper Missouri River drainage in Montana. In the US state of Arizona, an introduced population is found in the Lee Valley Reservoir and in lakes in the White River Mountains.
View Wikipedia Record: Thymallus arcticus

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  4.64 lbs (2.10 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Adult Length [1]  30 inches (76 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Litter Size [1]  15,905
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)[4]
Culiseta alaskaensis (Mosquito)[4]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Gavia pacifica (Pacific Loon)1
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)1
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)1
Myotis lucifugus (little brown myotis)1
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)1
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)1
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)1
Phylloscopus borealis (Arctic Warbler)1
Poecile atricapillus (Black-capped Chickadee)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)1
Salvelinus namaycush (American lake char)1
Sander vitreus (Walleye)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Tachycineta bicolor (Tree Swallow)1

Predators

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Lontra canadensis (northern river otter)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus clavula[6]
Acanthocephalus rauschi[6]
Allocreadium lobatum[6]
Ascarophis skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Azygia robusta[6]
Brachyphallus crenatus[6]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[6]
Contracaecum osculatum[6]
Cotylurus erraticus[6]
Crepidostomum farionis[6]
Crepidostomum metoecus[6]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[6]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[6]
Diplostomum helveticum[6]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[6]
Diplostomum rutili[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[6]
Echinorhynchus truttae[6]
Gyrodactylus magnus <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus thymalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Metagonimus yokogawai[6]
Metechinorhynchus cryophilus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[6]
Neoechinorhynchus crassus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[6]
Neoechinorhynchus tumidus[6]
Philonema sibirica <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum conostomum[6]
Phyllodistomum umblae <Unverified Name>[6]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[6]
Proteocephalus longicollis[6]
Proteocephalus pronini <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus thymalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Salvelinema salmonicola <Unverified Name>[6]
Sterliadochona ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetraonchus alaskensis[6]
Tetraonchus borealis <Unverified Name>[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]

Range Map

Link to Map
Asia - Inland waters; Europe - Inland waters; Lake Baikal; Mongolia; Palearctic; Russian Federation;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by NatureServe. 2010. Digital Distribution Maps of the Freshwater Fishes in the Conterminous United States. Version 3.0. Arlington, VA. U.S.A.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access