Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Squalius > Squalius cephaloides
 

Squalius cephaloides (Chub; European chub)

Synonyms: Leuciscus cephaloides
Language: Albanian; Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hungarian; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Macedonian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

For European chubs other than this particular species, see Squalius. colspan=2 style="text-align: center; background-color: transparent; text-align:center; border: 1px solid red;" | Chub 240px Conservation status File:Status iucn3.1 LC.
View Wikipedia Record: Squalius cephaloides

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.70 lbs (4.40 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  5 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Maximum Longevity [3]  22 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
AI GIANNIS - EPTAMYLOI 809 Greece  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Canneti del Lago Maggiore 561 Italy  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
DASOS FRAKTOU 2694 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS 24359 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
Dolina Bialki 1769 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
EKVOLES POTAMOU STRYMONA 3205 Greece  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
KENTRIKI RODOPI KAI KOILADA NESTOU 261804 Greece  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lago dell'Aia (Narni) 576 Italy  
Lago di Piediluco - Monte Maro 2864 Italy  
Lago Trasimeno 35838 Italy  
Lama del Badiotto e Garzaia della Brarola 252 Italy  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
Müggelspreeniederung 1558 Germany  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
POTAMOS FILIOURIS 5087 Greece  
POTAMOS KOMPSATOS (NEA KOITI) 1047 Greece  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
River Usk/ Afon Wysg 2490 Wales, United Kingdom  
River Wye/ Afon Gwy 5523 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Säveån, nedre delen 84 Sweden  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
STENA NESTOU 21629 Greece  
STENA RENTINAS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 7179 Greece  
Stura di Demonte 2901 Italy  
Torrente Orba 1250 Italy  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Triglav National Park II   Slovenia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano 17989 Italy  
Valli del Mincio 4814 Italy  
Vallona di Loreo 158 Italy  
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Zone umide di Fossano e Sant'Albano Stura 264 Italy  

Predators

Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)[5]
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[7]
Acanthocephalus clavula[7]
Acanthocephalus lucii[7]
Acanthocephalus tenuirostris[7]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[7]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[7]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[7]
Apophallus donicus[7]
Apophallus muehlingi[7]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[7]
Aspidogaster limacoides[7]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[7]
Bathybothrium rectangulum <Unverified Name>[7]
Bolbophorus confusus[7]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[7]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[7]
Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis <Unverified Name>[7]
Bucephalus polymorphus[7]
Camallanus lacustris[7]
Camallanus truncatus[7]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[7]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus pileatus[7]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[7]
Dactylogyrus borealis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus cordus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus cornu <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[7]
Dactylogyrus difformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus dirigerus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus ergensi <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus extensus[7]
Dactylogyrus fallax[7]
Dactylogyrus folkmanovae <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus macracanthus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus micracanthus[7]
Dactylogyrus nanoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus nanus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus navicularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus naviculoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus parvus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus prostae <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus robustus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus rutili <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus similis[7]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[7]
Dactylogyrus tuba <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus vastator[7]
Dactylogyrus vistulae <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus vranoviensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum hughesi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum spathaceum[7]
Diplostomum volvens[7]
Diplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplozoon paradoxum[7]
Echinorhynchus truttae[7]
Eubothrium crassum[7]
Gyrodactylus carassii <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus cyprini <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus decorus <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus gasterostei <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus gracilihamatus[7]
Gyrodactylus hemibarbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus kearni <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus laevis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus lamberti <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus leucisci <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus lomi <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus medius[7]
Gyrodactylus nanoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus osoblahensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus scardiniensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Hysteromorpha triloba[7]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[7]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[7]
Ligula colymbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Ligula intestinalis[7]
Markewitschiana triaxonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Metagonimus yokogawai[7]
Molnaria intestinalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[7]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[7]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[7]
Oswaldocruzia filiformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradiplozoon bliccae[7]
Paradiplozoon ergensi <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradiplozoon homoion[7]
Paradiplozoon leucisci <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradiplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradiplozoon rutili[7]
Paraquimperia tenerrima <Unverified Name>[7]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum folium[7]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[7]
Pomphorhynchus bosniacus[7]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[7]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[7]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[7]
Proteocephalus torulosus[7]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhabdochona denudata[7]
Rhabdochona gnedini <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhabdochona hellichi <Unverified Name>[7]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[7]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[7]
Sterliadochona tenuissima <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetraonchus monenteron[7]
Tylodelphys clavata[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Albegna; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bruna; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; Croatia; Czech Republic; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Euphrates; Eurasia: North, Baltic, northern Black, White, Barents and Caspian Sea basins, Atlatinc basins southward to Adour drainages (France), Great Britain north to 56°C, Scandinavia: southern Finland, Sweden north to abut Stockholm. Mediterranean basin from Var to Hérault (possibly Aude) (France) drainages. Introduced elsewhere, Naturally absent from Italy and Adriatic basin.; Eurasia: widely distributed in the basins of the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, in western Caspian drainage from Volga and Ural to Iran and in the Tigris-Euphrates basin.; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; Fiora; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Italy; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Ombrone; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Sea of Azov; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tigris; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Volga;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011 6The prey spectrum of Natrix natrix (LINNAEUS, 1758) and Natrix tessellata (LAURENTI, 1768) in sympatric populations (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae), ERNESTO FILIPPI & MASSIMO CAPULA & LUCA LUISELLI & UMBERTO AGRIMI, HERPETOZOA 8 (3/4): 155 -164 Wien, 30. Jänner 1996 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011