Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Coregonus > Coregonus lavaretus
 

Coregonus lavaretus (Houting; Lake Chud whitefish; Lavaret; Baltic whitefish; Common whitefish; European whitefish; Pollan; Powan; Schelly; Whitefish)

Synonyms: Coregonus dispersus cognatus; Coregonus lavaretus lavaretus; Coregonus polcur brachymystax; Coregonus rondeletii; Salmo lavaretus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Coregonus lavaretus is a species of freshwater whitefish, in the family Salmonidae. It is the type species of its genus Coregonus.There are widely different concepts about the delimitation of the species Coregonus lavaretus and about the number of species in the genus Coregonus in general.
View Wikipedia Record: Coregonus lavaretus

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Adult Length [1]  29 inches (73 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Migration [3]  Anadromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ances purvi un mezi 21676 Latvia  
Älänne 7789 Finland  
Bagno i Jezioro Ciemino 1946 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Jezioro Bukowo 8063 Poland    
Jezioro Lubie i Dolina Drawy 37181 Poland  
Kainuunkylän saaret 2483 Finland  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kokkolan saaristo (SPA) 36322 Finland  
Kyyvesi (SPA) 17821 Finland  
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Naddle Forest 892 England, United Kingdom  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Slowinska 79446 Poland    
Ostoja Suwalska 15690 Poland  
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Pajukari-Uksei-Alkunkarinlahti 1087 Finland  
Piejura 10663 Latvia  
Puulavesi 40886 Finland  
Rahjan saaristo 20710 Finland    
River Dee and Bala Lake/ Afon Dyfrdwy a Llyn Tegid 3234 England/Wales, United Kingdom
River Eden 6087 England, United Kingdom  
Rummelön-Harrbådan 583 Finland  
Ruunaa 29598 Finland  
Salacas ieleja 15585 Latvia  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  

Prey / Diet

Alphitobius diaperinus (lesser mealworm)[4]
Asellus aquaticus (waterlouse)[4]
Coregonus albula (European whitefish)[4]
Coregonus lavaretus (Houting)[4]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[4]
Erpobdella octoculata[4]
Valvata piscinalis (European stream valvata)[4]

Predators

Coregonus lavaretus (Houting)[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Lampetra fluviatilis (freshwater lamprey)[4]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[4]
Stercorarius skua (Great Skua)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus clavula[5]
Acanthocephalus lucii[5]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Apatemon annuligerum <Unverified Name>[5]
Azygia lucii[5]
Azygia mirabilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Bunodera luciopercae[5]
Camallanus lacustris[5]
Camallanus truncatus[5]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum aduncum[5]
Contracaecum osculatum[5]
Coregonema sibirica <Unverified Name>[5]
Cotylurus erraticus[5]
Crepidostomum baicalense <Unverified Name>[5]
Crepidostomum farionis[5]
Crepidostomum metoecus[5]
Cryptocotyle lingua[5]
Cucullanus truttae <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus anchoratus[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[5]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[5]
Diphyllobothrium ditremum[5]
Diphyllobothrium minus <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplocotyle olrikii[5]
Diplostomum baeri[5]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[5]
Diplostomum commutatum[5]
Diplostomum flexicaudum[5]
Diplostomum gasterostei[4]
Diplostomum helveticum[5]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum pseudobaeri <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Diplostomum volvens[5]
Discocotyle sagittata[5]
Echinorhynchus bothniensis[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Echinorhynchus truttae[5]
Eubothrium crassum[5]
Eubothrium salvelini[5]
Gyrodactylus lavareti[5]
Gyrodactylus magnificus <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus salaris (Salmon Fluke)[4]
Hepaticola petruschewskii[5]
Heterotyphlum obtusocaudatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[5]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[5]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[5]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Metorchis xanthostomus[5]
Neoechinorhynchus crassus[5]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[5]
Neoechinorhynchus tumidus[5]
Philonema sibirica <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum conostomum[5]
Phyllodistomum megalorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum umblae <Unverified Name>[5]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[5]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[5]
Proteocephalus exiguus[5]
Proteocephalus fallax <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus longicollis[5]
Proteocephalus neglectus <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus percae[5]
Proteocephalus thymalli <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus torulosus[5]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdochona denudata[5]
Rhabdochona phoxini <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhipidocotyle illense[4]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[5]
Sterliadochona tenuissima <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetraonchus alaskensis[5]
Tetraonchus borealis <Unverified Name>[5]
Thynnascaris adunca[5]
Triaenophorus crassus[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[5]
Triaenophorus robustus <Unverified Name>[5]
Tylodelphys clavata[5]
Tylodelphys podicipina[5]

Range Map

Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Black Sea; Bulgaria; Channel Islands; Czech Republic; Denmark; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: Native to Lake Bourget (France) and Geneva (Switzerland, France). Population of Lake Aiguebelette (France) apparently introduced, but a 'lavaret' had already been recorded from there in the 17th century (Ref. 59043). Other authors assume it to be a superspecies occurring in Great Britain and Alpine areas of Central Europe. Has been stocked into many other places in Europe outside its native range. There are many parallel and wrong scientific names for this species in use because of the problems in classifying the genus <i>Coregonus</i> (Ref. 7495). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: introduced to Iran (Ref. 39702).; Europe: usage of name restricted to Lakes Genève (now extinct), Bourget, and Aiguebelette in the river Rhône basin by designation of neotype from this area (Ref. 13696). Other authors assume it to be a superspecies occurring in Great Britain and Alpine ; Europe: usage of name restricted to Lakes Genève (now extinct), Bourget, and Aiguebelette in the river Rhône basin by designation of neotype from this area (Ref. 13696). Other authors assume it to be a superspecies occurring in Great Britain and Alpine areas of Central Europe. Has been stocked into many other places in Europe outside of its native range. There are many parallel and wrong scientific names for this species in use because of the problems in classifying the genus <i>Coregonus</i> (Ref. 7495). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: introduced to Iran (Ref. 39702).; Faeroe Islands; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Isle of Man; Issyk-Kul Lake; Italy; Japan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Netherlands; Norway; Pacific, Northwest; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Serbia and Montenegro; Sevan; Slovakia; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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