Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Acipenseriformes > Acipenseridae > Acipenser > Acipenser gueldenstaedtii

Acipenser gueldenstaedtii (Azov-Black sea sturgeon; Danube sturgeon; Kura sturgeon; Osetr; Persian sturgeon; Russian sturgeon)

Synonyms: Acipenser aculeatus; Acipenser brevirostris; Acipenser colchicus; Acipenser güldenstaedti; Acipenser güldenstädti; Acipenser gueldenstadti; Acipenser gueldenstadti colchica; Acipenser gueldenstadti var. colchica; Acipenser gueldenstadtii; Acipenser gueldenstaedti; Acipenser gueldenstaedti colchicus; Acipenser gueldenstaedti golis; Acipenser gueldenstaedti longirostris; Acipenser gueldenstaedti scaber; Acipenser gueldenstaedti tanaica; Acipenser gueldenstaedtii colchicus; Acipenser gueldenstaedtii scobar; Acipenser gueldenstaedtii var. colchicus; Acipenser macrophthalmus; Acipenser medius
Language: Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hungarian; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii), also known as the diamond sturgeon or Danube sturgeon, is a species of fish in the Acipenseridae family. It is found in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine. It is also found in the Caspian Sea. This fish can grow up to about 235 cm (93 in) and weigh 115 kg (254 lb). Russian sturgeon mature and reproduce slowly, making them highly vulnerable to fishing. It is distinguished from other Acipenser species by its short snout with a rounded tip as well as its lower lip which is interrupted at its center.
View Wikipedia Record: Acipenser gueldenstaedtii

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acipenser gueldenstaedtii


Adult Weight [1]  139.44 lbs (63.25 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  14 years
Male Maturity [1]  12 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  46 years
Migration [4]  Anadromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[5]
Acanthocephalus clavula[5]
Amphilina foliacea[5]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[5]
Ascarophis ovotrichuria <Unverified Name>[5]
Bothrimonus fallax[5]
Capillaria tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillospirura argumentosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillospirura ovotrichuria <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum aduncum[5]
Contracaecum bidentatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Corynosoma strumosum[5]
Cucullanus sphaerocephalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyclozona acipenserina <Unverified Name>[5]
Cystoopsis acipenseris <Unverified Name>[5]
Diclybothrium armatum[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Dogielina inexpectata <Unverified Name>[5]
Eubothrium acipenserinum[5]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium bidentatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Hysterothylacium gadi <Unverified Name>[5]
Lecithochirium musculus[5]
Leptorhynchoides plagicephalus[5]
Nitzschia sturionis[5]
Piscicapillaria tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus skorikowi <Unverified Name>[5]
Skrjabinopsolus semiarmatus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Apenheul Primate Park
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Wissel
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Rotterdam Zoo
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)

Range Map

Aegean Sea; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Black Sea; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Danube; Dneper; Dnester; Don; Eurasia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea, entering all main rivers that empty into them (Don, Kuban, Danube, Dnieper (rare), Dniester) (Ref. 9953). Introduced throughout Europe. Considered critically endangered (Ref. 59043). International trade restricted (<b>CITES</b> II, since 1.4.98; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II).; Eurasia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea, entering all main rivers that empty into them (Don, Kuban, Danube, Dnieper (rare), Dniester). International trade restricted (<b>CITES</b> II, since 1.4.98; <b>CMS</b> Appendix II).; Europe - Inland waters; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Palearctic; Romania; Russian Federation; Sea of Azov; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Sweden; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access