Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Sparidae > Sparus > Sparus aurata

Sparus aurata (Silver seabream; Bream; Gilt head bream; Gilthead; Gilthead bream; Gilthead seabream; Gilt-head seabream; Snapper; Gilt head)

Synonyms: Aurata aurata; Chrysophrys crassirostris; Sparus auratus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The gilt-head (sea) bream (Sparus aurata) is a fish of the bream family Sparidae found in the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coastal regions of the North Atlantic Ocean. It commonly reaches about 35 centimetres (1.15 ft) in length, but may reach 70 cm (2.3 ft) and weigh up to about 17 kilograms (37 lb). The gilt-head bream is generally considered the best-tasting of the breams. It is the single species of the genus Sparus – the Latin name for this fish – which has given the whole family of Sparidae its name. Its specific name, aurata, derives from the gold bar marking between its eyes.
View Wikipedia Record: Sparus aurata

Invasive Species

Gilthead bream (Sparus aurata) is a fish of Mediterranean and Atlantic Ocean origin. It is one of the most important fish in the aquaculture industry in the Mediterranean. However the rapid development of marine cage culture of this fish has raised concerns about the impact of escaped fish on the genetic diversity of natural populations.
View ISSG Record: Sparus aurata


Adult Weight [1]  20.86 lbs (9.46 kg)
Maximum Longevity [2]  11 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  

Prey / Diet

Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[3]
Bittium reticulatum (needle whelk)[3]
Flabelligera affinis[3]
Gammarus locusta[3]
Lanice conchilega (schelpkokerworm)[3]
Scopelocheirus hopei[3]


Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthostomum imbutiformis <Unverified Name>[4]
Allopodocotyle pedicellata[4]
Anoplodiscus cirrusspiralis[4]
Basidiodiscus ectorchis <Unverified Name>[4]
Bivagina pagrosomi[4]
Bucephalus minimus[4]
Cotylogaster michaelis[4]
Cucullanus chrysophrydis <Unverified Name>[4]
Cucullanus tripapillatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Diphterostomum brusinae[4]
Distomum obovatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Encotyllabe vallei[4]
Goezia kollari <Unverified Name>[4]
Hysterothylacium rhacodes <Unverified Name>[4]
Lamellodiscus echeneis[4]
Lepocreadium pegorchis[4]
Macvicaria crassigula[4]
Macvicaria maillardi[4]
Macvicaria obovata[4]
Monorchis monorchis[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]
Polylabris tubicirrus[4]
Proctoeces maculatus[4]
Pycnadenoides senegalensis[3]
Sparicotyle chrysophrii[4]
Zoogonus rubellus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
London Aquarium
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Rotterdam Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Zoological Society of London


Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Australia; Baltic Sea; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Cape Verde; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands. Also in the Mediterranean. Reports from New Zealand refer to <i>Pagrus auratus</i> (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 127; Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands. Also in the Mediterranean. Reports from New Zealand refer to <i>Pagrus auratus</i> (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 12781).; France; Galician Shelf; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; New Zealand; North Sea; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access