Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Amphilophus > Amphilophus citrinellus

Amphilophus citrinellus (Midas cichlid; Red devil; Red devil cichlid)

Synonyms: Amphilophus citrinellum; Archocentrus citrinellus; Cichlasoma citrinella; Cichlasoma citrinellum; Cichlasoma granadense; Herichthys citrinellus; Heros basilaris; Heros citrinellus
Language: Danish; Finnish; German; Mandarin Chinese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Amphilophus citrinellus is a large cichlid fish endemic to the San Juan River and adjacent watersheds in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. In the aquarium trade A. citrinellus is often sold under the trade name of Midas cichlid. A. citrinellus are omnivorous and their diet consists of plant material, molluscs and smaller fish. The species is closely related to but not to be mistaken as Amphilophus labiatus.
View Wikipedia Record: Amphilophus citrinellus


Diet [2]  Omnivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  9 inches (24 cm)
Litter Size [1]  5,000


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]


Parasitized by 
Crassicutis cichlasomae[4]
Sciadicleithrum bravohollisae <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Artis Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava


America, North - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Central America: Atlantic slope of Nicaragua and Costa Rica (San Juan River drainage, including Lakes Nicaragua, Managua, Masaya and Apoyo).; Costa Rica; Hawaii (USA); Neotropical; Nicaragua; Oceania - Inland waters; Puerto Rico; Singapore; Taiwan; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access