Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Pieridae > Pieris > Pieris brassicae
 

Pieris brassicae (Large White; Cabbage White)

Synonyms: Pieris brassicae ottonis; Pieris brassicae var. brassicoides

Wikipedia Abstract

The large white, Pieris brassicae, also called cabbage butterfly, cabbage white, cabbage moth (erroneously), or in India the large cabbage white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae. It is a close relative to the small white, Pieris rapae.The large white is common throughout Europe, North Africa, Asia even through the Himalayas.
View Wikipedia Record: Pieris brassicae

Attributes

Litter Size [1]  1,100

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ardvar and Loch a`Mhuilinn Woodlands 1992 Scotland, United Kingdom
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Border Mires, Kielder – Butterburn 29286 England, United Kingdom
Corsydd Llyn/ Lleyn Fens 701 Wales, United Kingdom
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Bat Sites and Bosherston Lakes/ Safleoedd Ystlum Sir Benfro a Llynnoedd Bosherston 303 Wales, United Kingdom  
River Derwent and Bassenthwaite Lake 4529 England, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
South Solway Mosses 4849 England, United Kingdom
South Uist Machair 8482 Scotland, United Kingdom
Subberthwaite, Blawith and Torver Low Commons 4609 England, United Kingdom
The Stiperstones and The Hollies 1486 England, United Kingdom  
Witherslack Mosses 1202 England, United Kingdom
Y Twyni o Abermenai i Aberffraw/ Abermenai to Aberffraw Dunes 4623 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard)[2]
Allium cepa (garden onion)[3]
Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)[2]
Arabis allionii[3]
Arabis alpina (Alpine rock-cress)[2]
Armoracia rusticana (Horseradish)[2]
Aubrieta deltoidea (lilacbush)[2]
Aurinia saxatilis subsp. saxatilis[2]
Barbarea stricta[2]
Barbarea vulgaris (Common Wintergreen)[2]
Berteroa incana (Hoary alyssum)[3]
Biscutella auriculata[2]
Biscutella didyma[3]
Biscutella laevigata[2]
Brassica juncea (mustard greens)[3]
Brassica napus (Rapeseed)[2]
Brassica nigra (Black Mustard)[2]
Brassica oleracea (broccoli)[2]
Brassica rapa (Field Mustard)[2]
Bunias orientalis (Warty Cabbage)[2]
Cakile maritima (Sea Rocket)[2]
Capparis spinosa[3]
Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's Purse)[2]
Cardamine hirsuta (Hairy Bittercress)[2]
Cicer arietinum (Chickpea)[3]
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[4]
Cleome dendroidea (pink queen)[2]
Crambe cordifolia (Heartleaf crambe)[2]
Crambe maritima (Sea Kale)[2]
Daucus carota (bird's nest)[2]
Descurainia sophia (flixweed)[2]
Diplotaxis erucoides (white wallrocket)[2]
Diplotaxis muralis (annual wall-rocket)[2]
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (perennial wall-rocket)[2]
Draba incana (twisted draba)[2]
Eruca vesicaria (rocketsalad)[3]
Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa[2]
Erucastrum nasturtiifolium[2]
Erysimum cheiri (Aegean wallflower)[2]
Erysimum hieraciifolium (European wallflower)[3]
Erysimum perofskianum (Afghan erysimum)[2]
Erysimum scoparium[3]
Euphorbia epithymoides (cushion spurge)[2]
Galeopsis tetrahit (brittle-stem hemp-nettle)[4]
Genista tinctoria (Dyer's greenweed)[2]
Geranium robertianum (Robert geranium)[4]
Glycine max subsp. soja (Wild Soybean)[2]
Hesperis matronalis (Dame's Rocket)[2]
Hirschfeldia incana (Summer Cress)[2]
Hornungia petraea[2]
Iberis amara (annual candytuft)[2]
Iberis gibraltarica (Gibraltar candytuft)[2]
Iberis umbellata (globe candytuft)[2]
Isatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)[3]
Kernera saxatilis[2]
Lathyrus latifolius (Perennial sweetpea)[2]
Lathyrus sylvestris (Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea)[2]
Lathyrus tuberosus (Earth-nut Pea)[2]
Lepidium draba (Whitetop)[2]
Lepidium latifolium (Broadleaved Pepperweed)[2]
Lepidium sativum (Garden cress)[2]
Lobularia maritima (Sweet Alyssum)[2]
Lunaria annua (Annual Honesty)[2]
Matthiola incana (hoary stock)[2]
Medicago sativa (yellow alfalfa)[2]
Nasturtium officinale (Water Cress)[2]
Nicotiana tabacum (cultivated tobacco)[3]
Noccaea rotundifolia[2]
Petiveria alliacea (guinea henweed)[2]
Petroselinum crispum (parsley)[2]
Raphanus raphanistrum (Wild Radish)[4]
Raphanus sativus (Wild Radish)[2]
Reseda alba (white upright mignonette)[2]
Reseda lutea (wild mignonette)[2]
Reseda luteola (weld)[2]
Reseda odorata (garden mignonette)[2]
Rorippa sylvestris (Creeping Yellowcress)[2]
Silene flos-cuculi (ragged robin)[4]
Sinapis alba (White mustard)[2]
Sinapis arvensis (Charlock)[2]
Sisymbrium austriacum (jeweled rocket)[3]
Sisymbrium officinale (Hedge Mustard)[2]
Sisymbrium strictissimum[2]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]
Thlaspi arvense (Field Pennycress)[2]
Trichogonia heringeri[2]
Tropaeolum majus (nasturtium)[2]
Tropaeolum peregrinum (canary creeper)[3]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Aglais urticae (Small Tortoiseshell)4
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)21
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)3
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Aspitates ochrearia2
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)4
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)2
Caradrina morpheus (Mottled Rustic)2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)2
Ceutorhynchus assimilis10
Ceutorhynchus contractus15
Ceutorhynchus erysimi6
Ceutorhynchus hirtulus2
Ceutorhynchus sulcicollis14
Cheilosia fraterna2
Cheilosia vulpina2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)2
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)6
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)5
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)5
Dasineura lathyricola2
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)2
Delia platura (seedcorn maggot)2
Delia radicum (cabbage maggot)3
Empis livida2
Empis opaca2
Empis stercorea2
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)3
Euclidia glyphica (Burnet Companion Moth)3
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Gonepteryx rhamni (Brimstone Butterfly)4
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)2
Hydrellia griseola (Rice leafminer)2
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)3
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)2
Liriomyza strigata4
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)2
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)2
Meliscaeva cinctella2
Neoascia podagrica2
Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)5
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)3
Phaedon armoraciae2
Phaonia angelicae2
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)2
Phyllotreta cruciferae3
Phyllotreta undulata7
Phytomyza rufipes3
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)20
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)22
Plutella xylostella (Diamondback moth)10
Polymixis flavicincta (Large Ranunculus)2
Polyommatus icarus (Common Blue Butterfly)2
Psylliodes napi6
Rhingia campestris3
Sericomyia silentis3
Sideridis albicolon3
Standfussiana lucernea (Northern Rustic)2
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)2
Thymelicus lineola (European skipper)3
Thymelicus sylvestris (Small Skipper)2
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)4
Xanthorhoe designata (Flame Carpet Moth)6
Xanthorhoe fluctuata (Garden Carpet Moth)10

Predators

Apechthis compunctor[4]
Cotesia glomerata[4]
Hyposoter ebeninus[3]
Pimpla rufipes (Black Slip Wasp)[4]
Stenopogon sabaudus[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apechthis compunctor[4]
Cotesia glomerata[4]
Pimpla rufipes[4]
Steinernema carpocapsae[6]
Pollinator of 
Asphodelus aestivus[3]
Astragalus monspessulanus (Franzosischer Tragant)[3]
Dittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)[3]
Erodium cicutarium (redstem)[3]
Erodium malacoides (Mediterranean stork's bill)[3]
Eruca vesicaria (rocketsalad)[3]
Geranium robertianum (Robert geranium)[4]
Geranium rotundifolium (roundleaf geranium)[3]
Hypochaeris radicata (Common Catsear)[3]
Lepidium draba (Whitetop)[3]
Malcolmia chia[3]
Petrorhagia dubia (hairypink)[3]
Pterocephalus plumosus[3]
Reichardia picroides (common brighteyes)[3]
Salvia verbenaca (verbena sage)[3]
Scorzoneroides autumnalis[3]
Sisymbrium orientale (Oriental Sisymbrium)[3]
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)[4]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Body size, egg size, and their interspecific relationships with ecological and life history traits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Enrique García-Barros, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2000), 70: 251–284 2Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Ecology of Commanster 5Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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