Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Papilionidae > Papilio > Papilio machaon
 

Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)

Synonyms: Papilio hippocrates; Papilio hookeri; Papilio joanae; Papilio machaon alpherakyi; Papilio machaon bajorum; Papilio machaon bimaculatus; Papilio machaon chitralensis; Papilio machaon emihippocrates; Papilio machaon f. alpica; Papilio machaon f. chrysostoma; Papilio machaon f. sikkimensides; Papilio machaon gorganus; Papilio machaon hieromax; Papilio machaon hispanicus; Papilio machaon impugnatus; Papilio machaon kiyonobu; Papilio machaon lapponica; Papilio machaon melitensis; Papilio machaon nolico; Papilio machaon rinpoche; Papilio machaon rustaveli; Papilio machaon schantungensis; Papilio machaon septentrionalis; Papilio machaon var. aestivus; Papilio machaon var. centralis; Papilio machaon var. orientalis; Papilio machaon var. orientis; Papilio machaon var. pendjabensis; Papilio machaon var. proximus; Papilio machaon venchuanus; Papilio machon everesti

Wikipedia Abstract

The Ozark Swallowtail (Papilio joanae) is a North American butterfly species in the family Papilionidae. It was once considered a synonym to the Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes).
View Wikipedia Record: Papilio machaon

Attributes

Litter Size [1]  357
Wing Span [2]  2.9 inches (.073 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abavas senleja 36900 Latvia  
Adutiskis-Svyla-Birveta wetland complex 17003 Lithuania      
Asunes ezeri 173 Latvia  
Augsdaugava 129298 Latvia  
Augszeme 51467 Latvia  
Bagno Calowanie 10415 Poland  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Bierutów 552 Poland  
Borkener See 820 Germany  
Dabrowy Krotoszynskie 84622 Poland  
Desenberg 7 Germany  
Dolina Lachy 2449 Poland  
Dolina Rawki 6240 Poland  
Dolina Sieniochy 6655 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Dolinki Jurajskie 2191 Poland  
Dunika 4453 Latvia  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Graniczny Meander Odry 387 Poland  
Griesberg 44 Germany  
Heiden und Magerrasen Trupbach 210 Germany  
Istras pauguraine 2128 Latvia  
Jezioro Karas 2013 Poland  
Kígyósi-puszta 21829 Hungary  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Krustkalnu dabas rezervats 7317 Latvia  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Lielais Pelecares purvs 13173 Latvia  
Lubasts 272 Latvia  
Male Pieniny 4635 Poland  
Masyw Slezy 12502 Poland  
Muschelkalkgebiet bei Gersheim und Blieskastel 4053 Germany  
Nicgalu mezi 2261 Latvia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Ostoja Nadwarcianska 65861 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Srodkowojurajska 14252 Poland  
Ostoja Welska 8363 Poland  
Panemunes mezi 1974 Latvia  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Przeplatki nad Bystrzyca 2062 Poland  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Rakupes ieleja 5446 Latvia  
Razna 147312 Latvia  
S'Albufera de Mallorca 5276 Spain    
Sa Dragonera 3144 Spain    
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sárvíz völgye 19301 Hungary  
Söterbachtal 331 Germany  
Silene 9452 Latvia  
Sliteres nacionalais parks 39895 Latvia  
Steinbruchbereich Bernhardshammer und Binsfeldhammer 203 Germany  
Teicu dabas rezervats 48554 Latvia  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Torfowiska Gór Izerskich 12318 Poland  
Torfowiska Orawsko-Nowotarskie 20400 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Wolferskopf 1025 Germany  
Zámolyi-medence 6363 Hungary  
Ziemelgauja 53743 Latvia  
Zvardes mezi 20196 Latvia  

Prey / Diet

Aegopodium podagraria (bishop's goutweed)[3]
Allium schoenoprasum (wild chives)[3]
Ammi majus (large bullwort)[3]
Anethum graveolens (dill)[3]
Angelica archangelica (Norwegian angelica)[3]
Angelica dahurica[4]
Angelica decursiva[4]
Angelica genuflexa (kneeling angelica)[4]
Angelica hirsutiflora[4]
Angelica japonica[4]
Angelica keiskei[4]
Angelica morii[4]
Angelica morrisonicola[4]
Angelica polymorpha[4]
Angelica pubescens[4]
Angelica sylvestris (woodland angelica)[5]
Angelica ursina[4]
Apium graveolens (wild celery)[3]
Artemisia norvegica (alpine sagewort)[4]
Berula erecta (cut-leaf-water-parsnip)[3]
Bidens grandiflora (garden cosmos)[4]
Carum carvi (caraway)[3]
Cicuta virosa (Mackenzie's water hemlock)[3]
Cirsium dissectum (Meadow Thistle)[3]
Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)[3]
Citrus limon (lemon)[4]
Conium maculatum (cigue tachetee)[4]
Coriandrum sativum (Chinese parsley)[4]
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)[4]
Cryptotaenia japonica (Japanese honewort)[4]
Daucus carota (bird's nest)[3]
Dictamnus dasycarpus (gasplant)[3]
Ducrosia anethifolia[4]
Ferula communis (giant fennel)[4]
Foeniculum vulgare (sweet fennel)[3]
Glehnia littoralis (American silvertop)[4]
Haplophyllum acutifolium[4]
Haplophyllum pedicellatum[4]
Haplophyllum tuberculatum[4]
Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)[3]
Heracleum sphondylium[4]
Heracleum sphondylium subsp. granatense[3]
Imperatoria ostruthium (masterwort)[3]
Kitagawia formosana[4]
Kitagawia litoralis[4]
Levisticum officinale (garden lovage)[3]
Libanotis pyrenaica subsp. pyrenaica[3]
Ligusticum scoticum (Scottish licorice-root)[3]
Meum athamanticum (Spignel; Baldmoney)[5]
Oenanthe fistulosa (Tubular water dropwort)[3]
Pastinaca sativa (wild parship)[3]
Petasites frigidus (Arctic Butterbur)[4]
Petroselinum crispum (parsley)[3]
Peucedanum multivittatum[4]
Phellodendron amurense (Amur corktree)[4]
Pimpinella anisum (anise burnet saxifrage)[3]
Pimpinella major (hollowstem burnet saxifrage)[3]
Pimpinella saxifraga (solidstem burnet saxifrage)[3]
Ruta angustifolia[4]
Ruta chalepensis (fringed rue)[4]
Ruta graveolens (common rue)[3]
Ruta montana[4]
Selinum carvifolia (selinum)[3]
Silene flos-cuculi (ragged robin)[3]
Taenidia integerrima (yellow pimpernell)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]
Thaspium barbinode (hairyjoint meadowparsnip)[4]
Visnaga daucoides[4]
Zizia aptera (heart-leaf alexanders)[4]
Zizia aurea (golden zizia)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aglais urticae (Small Tortoiseshell)3
Amphipyra tragopoginis (mouse)2
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)4
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Aporia crataegi (Black-veined White Butterfly)2
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)3
Baccha elongata2
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)3
Bombus hortorum (Small Garden Humble-bee)2
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)2
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)4
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)2
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)3
Bombus sylvarum (Shrill Carder-bee)2
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)4
Cheilosia barbata2
Cheilosia fraterna2
Cheilosia illustrata3
Chloromyia formosa (Green Soldier Fly)3
Chrysogaster solstitialis2
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)4
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)4
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)3
Dasysyrphus venustus2
Depressaria douglasella2
Empis livida2
Epistrophe grossulariae2
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)3
Eristalis arbustorum2
Eristalis pertinax3
Eristalis tenax (drone fly)2
Euclidia glyphica (Burnet Companion Moth)2
Euleia heraclei4
Eupeodes luniger2
Eupithecia absinthiata (Wormwood Pug)3
Eupithecia centaureata (Lime-speck Pug)4
Eupithecia pimpinellata2
Eupithecia tripunctaria (whitespotted pug)5
Gonepteryx rhamni (Brimstone Butterfly)3
Gortyna flavago3
Graphomya maculata2
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)3
Helophilus trivittatus (Sun Fly)2
Idaea dimidiata (Single-dotted Wave Moth)2
Leucozona laternaria2
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)2
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)2
Neoascia podagrica2
Pieris brassicae (Large White)5
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)2
Polyommatus icarus (Common Blue Butterfly)2
Rhingia campestris3
Sciara hemerobioides2
Sericomyia silentis3
Stenurella melanura3
Terellia ruficauda2
Thymelicus lineola (European skipper)2
Thymelicus sylvestris (Small Skipper)2
Volucella bombylans2
Volucella pellucens (White-banded Drone Fly)2

Predators

Engelepogon brunnipes[6]
Pimpla rufipes (Black Slip Wasp)[5]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Cakile maritima (Sea Rocket)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pimpla rufipes[5]
Pollinator of 
Asphodelus aestivus[4]
Bituminaria bituminosa (Arabian pea)[4]
Calendula arvensis (field marigold)[4]
Crupina crupinastrum[4]
Iris sanguinea (blood iris)[4]
Lomelosia stellata (Starflower pincushions)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]

Distribution

Afghanistan; Albania; Andorra; Armenia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lebanon; Afghanistan; .Albania; Andorra; Armenia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lebanon;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Body size, egg size, and their interspecific relationships with ecological and life history traits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Enrique García-Barros, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2000), 70: 251–284 2Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility 3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Ecology of Commanster 6Predator-Prey Database for the family Asilidae (Hexapoda: Diptera) Prepared by Dr. Robert Lavigne, Professor Emeritus, University of Wyoming, USA and Dr. Jason Londt (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg)
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Ramsar Sites Information Service GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access