Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Papilionidae > Papilio > Papilio zelicaon

Papilio zelicaon (Anise swallowtail)

Wikipedia Abstract

Papilio zelicaon, the anise swallowtail, is a common swallowtail butterfly of western North America. Both the upper and lower sides of its wings are black, but the upper wing has a broad yellow stripe across it, which gives the butterfly an overall yellow appearance. There are striking blue spots on the rear edge of the rear wing, and the characteristic tails of the swallowtails. Its wingspan is 52–80 mm. Its body is somewhat shorter than the rather similar western tiger swallowtail, with which its range overlaps; it also lacks the black stripes, converging toward the tail, of the latter. There is a somewhat darker subspecies, P. z. nitra, which is rare throughout the range, though somewhat more often found at lower elevations.
View Wikipedia Record: Papilio zelicaon


Wing Span [1]  2.6 inches (.066 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States

Prey / Diet

Angelica ampla (giant angelica)[2]
Angelica arguta (Lyall's angelica)[2]
Angelica californica (California angelica)[2]
Angelica kingii (King's angelica)[2]
Angelica lineariloba (poison angelica)[2]
Angelica lucida (seacoast angelica)[2]
Angelica tomentosa (woolly angelica)[2]
Apium graveolens (wild celery)[2]
Cicuta maculata (poison parsnip)[2]
Citrus aurantium (myrtle-leaved orange tree)[3]
Citrus limon (lemon)[3]
Conioselinum scopulorum (Rocky Mountain hemlockparsley)[2]
Conium maculatum (cigue tachetee)[2]
Cymopterus lemmonii (alpine false springparsley)[2]
Daucus carota (bird's nest)[2]
Daucus pusillus (American wild carrot)[2]
Dichelostemma capitatum (bluedicks)[2]
Foeniculum vulgare (sweet fennel)[2]
Frankenia salina (alkali seaheath)[2]
Harbouria trachypleura (whiskbroom parsley)[2]
Heracleum sphondylium[2]
Heracleum sphondylium subsp. montanum[2]
Ligusticum grayi (Gray's licoriceroot)[2]
Ligusticum porteri (Porter's licorice-root)[2]
Lomatium californicum (California lomatium)[2]
Lomatium caruifolium (alkali desertparsley)[2]
Lomatium dasycarpum (woollyfruit desertparsley)[2]
Lomatium dissectum (fernleaf biscuitroot)[2]
Lomatium grayi (Gray's biscuitroot)[2]
Lomatium nuttallii (Nuttall's biscuitroot)[2]
Lomatium parryi (Parry's biscuitroot)[2]
Oenanthe sarmentosa (water parsely)[2]
Pastinaca sativa (wild parship)[2]
Perideridia bolanderi (Bolander's yampah)[2]
Perideridia californica (California yampah)[2]
Perideridia gairdneri (Gardner's yampah)[2]
Perideridia kelloggii (Kellogg's yampah)[2]
Raphanus sativus (Wild Radish)[2]
Ruta graveolens (common rue)[2]
Tauschia parishii (Parish's umbrellawort)[2]
Zizia aptera (heart-leaf alexanders)[2]


Canada; United States;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Protected Areas provided by Badlands National Park
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access