Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Papilionidae > Battus > Battus philenor

Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)

Wikipedia Abstract

Battus philenor, the pipevine swallowtail or blue swallowtail, is a swallowtail butterfly found in North America and Central America. The butterflies are black with iridescent-blue hindwings. They are found in many different habitats, but are most commonly found in forests. The black or red caterpillars feed on Aristolochia species, making them poisonous as both larvae and adults, while the adults feed on the nectar of a variety of flowers.
View Wikipedia Record: Battus philenor


Wing Span [1]  2.8 inches (.07 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States


Prey / Diet

Aristolochia californica (California dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia elegans (elegant dutchman's pipe)[3]
Aristolochia erecta (dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia inflata (fragrant dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia iquitensis (pipevine)[2]
Aristolochia jackii (Virginia dutchmanspipe)[2]
Aristolochia macrophylla (Dutchman's-pipe)[3]
Aristolochia mathewsii (Texas dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia micrantha[3]
Aristolochia odoratissima (Fragrant dutchman's pipe)[3]
Aristolochia orbicularis[3]
Aristolochia reticulata (Texas dutchman's pipe)[3]
Aristolochia serpentaria (Virginia snakeroot)[3]
Aristolochia tomentosa (common dutchmanspipe)[2]
Aristolochia watsonii (Indian root)[2]
Asarum canadense (Canadian wildginger)[2]
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[4]
Calystegia longipes (plateau morningglory)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[4]
Dichelostemma capitatum (bluedicks)[3]
Dichelostemma congestum (ookow)[3]
Eupatorium serotinum (late boneset)[3]
Fallopia convolvulus (dullseed cornbind)[2]
Ipomoea alba (tropical white morning-glory)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[4]
Monardella villosa (coyote mint)[3]
Verbesina virginica (white crownbeard)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)3
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)1
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)2
Danaus plexippus (Monarch Butterfly)1
Euphydryas phaeton (Baltimore checkerspot)1
Marmota monax (woodchuck)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)2
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)3
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)1
Sphecius speciosus (cicada killer)2
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)2
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1


Pollinated by 
Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Bilberry Cactus)[3]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[4]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[4]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[4]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[4]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[4]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[4]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[4]


Mimiced by 
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[4]
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)[4]
Pollinator of 
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[4]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[4]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo


Belize; Canada; Mexico; United States.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
2HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access