Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Andira > Andira inermis
 

Andira inermis (cabbagebark tree; Pleasant-wood; Bastard Mahogany; West Indian Walnut; Angelino; Chirai; Caconnier Rouge; Lombrigueira; Pilon; Angelim; Aboranzork; Andira Uchi; Sucupira Da Varzea; Manga-brava; Yaba; Vchirama; Umare; Uchirana; Uchi; Tobago-chapermo; Sucurira-de-varzea; Sarinette; Quilla; Pau-palmeira; Palo Maco; Palo De Burro; Moza Blanca; Morcegueira; Moca Blanca; Moca; Maea Colorada; Macayo; L'Angelin; Jumbie Bead; Guaycamayo; Dedefouden; Cumaruana; Cuilembuca; Cocu; Cabbagibark; Cabbage-tree; Cabbagebark; Cabbage Bark; Bois Palmiste; Avineira; Arenillo; Anndjelinn; Angelin Tree; Angelim-liso; Angelim-branco; Andirauchi; Almendro De Rio; Almendro Cimarrou; Almendro; Alemendro)

Synonyms: Andira grandiflora; Andira jamaicensis; Geoffroea inermis; Geoffroea jamaicensis var. inermis; Vouacapoua inermis

Wikipedia Abstract

Andira inermis is a nitrogen-fixing tree native to the area from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America; it has been introduced to the Caribbean, the Antilles, Florida, and Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Andira inermis

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [1]  90 feet (27.4 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [1]  White
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [1]  Medium
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [1]  Moderate Toxicity
Janka Hardness [3]  1750 lbf (794 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  190 / lb (419 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Irregular
Specific Gravity [4]  0.64
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Manuel Antonio National Park II 21625 Costa Rica  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)[5]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[7]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[7]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[7]

Distribution

Antigua-Barbuda (native); Argentina (native); Belize (native); Bolivia (native); Brazil (native); Cameroon (native); Central African Rep. (native); Chad (native); Colombia (native); Costa Rica (native); Dominica (native); Dominican Republic (native); Ecuador (native); El Salvador (native); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (native); Gambia The (native); Ghana (native); Grenada (native); Guadeloupe (native); Guatemala (native); Guinea Bissau (native); Guyana (native); Haiti (native); Honduras (native); India (introduced); India-ISO (introduced); Ivory Coast (native); Jamaica (native); Mali (native); Martinique (native); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (native); Mexico(South East) (native); Nicaragua (native); Niger (native); Nigeria (native); Panama (native); Paraguay (native); Peru (native); Puerto Rico (native); Sabah (native); Senegal (native); Singapore (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Lucia (native); St Vincent (native); Sudan (native); Surinam (native); Togo (native); Trindade-Martin Vaz (native); Trinidad & Tobago (native); Uganda (native); United States (native); Venezuela (native); Virgin Is (native);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheets U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service 5Feeding Ecology of the Black Howler Monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Northern Belize, S.C. SILVER, L.E.T. OSTRO, C.P. YEAGER, AND R. HORWICH, American Journal of Primatology 45:263–279 (1998) 6Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001) 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access