Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Dalbergia > Dalbergia sissoo

Dalbergia sissoo (Indian Rosewood; Sisu; Sissoo Tree; Sissoo; Siso)

Synonyms: Amerimnon sissoo
Language: Hindi

Wikipedia Abstract

Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as North Indian Rosewood, is an evergreen rosewood tree, also known as the sisu, tahli, Tali and also Irugudujava. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. In Persian, it is called Jag. It is the state tree of Punjab state (India) and the provincial tree of Punjab province (Pakistan). Its Afghanistan name is shewa. Indian common names are biradi, and sisau. It is primarily found growing along river banks below 900 metres (3,000 ft) elevation, but can range naturally up to 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The temperature in its native range averages 10–40 °C (50–104 °F), but varies from just below freezing to nearly 50 °C (122 °F). It can withstand average annual rainfall up to 2,000 millimetres (79 in) and droughts of 3–4 months. Soils range from pure
View Wikipedia Record: Dalbergia sissoo

Invasive Species

Dalbergia sissoo is a perennial tree that is economically important for its value in forestry, agroforestry, and horticulture. It provides timber, fuelwood, fodder, has medicinal value, used extensively as an ornamental tree as well as for shading, erosion control, and soil fertility. Native to the Indian sub-continent it is a member of the legume family and can fix nitrogen from the atmosphere through bacteria nodules on its root system. It has been introduced in various countries throughout the world, but has known to be invasive in Australia and in Florida (U.S.).
View ISSG Record: Dalbergia sissoo


Height [1]  63 feet (19.1 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Janka Hardness [3]  1450 lbf (658 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [3]  0.67
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States

Emblem of

Punjab (India)


Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[5]
Axis porcinus (hog deer)[6]
Ceroplastes alamensis[5]
Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Paracoccus burnerae (oleander scale)[5]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Prosotas dubiosa (Tailless Lineblue)[7]
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)[6]
Rucervus duvaucelii (barasingha)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Afghanistan (native); Australia (introduced); Bangladesh (native); Bhutan (native); Burma (native); Caribbean-TRP (uncertain); Chad (introduced); China (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); Ghana (introduced); Guinea Bissau (introduced); Hainan (introduced); India (native); India-ISO (native); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Iran (native); Iraq (native); Jawa (native); Kenya (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (introduced); Mozambique (introduced); Myanmar (native); Nepal (native); Niger (introduced); Nigeria (introduced); Oman (native); Pakistan (native); Puerto Rico (introduced); Senegal (introduced); Sierra Leone (introduced); Sudan (introduced); Sumatera (native); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Uganda (introduced); United States (uncertain); Zambia (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Properties of Imported Tropical Woods, B. FRANCIS KUKACHKA, U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service
4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Dry season diets of sympatric ungulates in lowland Nepal: competition and facilitation in alluvial tall grasslands, Per Wegge, Anil K. Shrestha, Stein R. Moe, Ecol Res (2006) 21:698–706
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access