Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Arachis > Arachis hypogaea

Arachis hypogaea (Earthnut; Peanut; Monkeynut; cacahuete; Pistache de Terre; Pistache; Pistach; Pindels; Mani Largo; Mani; Groundnut; Ground Nut; Goober; Cacahuetes; Cacahouete; Arachide; Amendoim)

Synonyms: Arachis hypogaea subsp. oleifera; Arachis nambyquarae
Language: Azerbaijani; Finnish; German; Hindi; Italian; Mongolian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish; Ukrainian; Uzbek

Wikipedia Abstract

Peanut, also known as groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a crop of global importance. It is widely grown in the tropics and sub-tropics, being important to both smallholder and large commercial producers. It is classified as both a grain legume, and, because of its high oil content, an oil crop. World annual production is about 46 million tonnes per year. China accounts for 37% of World production, Africa for 25%, India for 21% and the Americas 8%.
View Wikipedia Record: Arachis hypogaea


Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  Of greatest concern is possible contamination of damaged or spoiled seeds with the teratogenic, carcinogenic aflatoxins. Two principal toxins, aflatoxins B, and G, and their less toxic dihydro derivatives, aflatoxins B2 and G2 are formed by the aflatoxin producing moulds (Aspergillus flavus et al). Prevention of mould growth is the mainstay, there being no satisfactory way to remove the toxins from feed and foods (however, peanut oils are free of aflatoxins because of alkaline processing);
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seeds yield a non-drying oil that has a wide range of uses including the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, soaps, cold creams, pomades and lubricants, paints, emulsions for insect control, and fuel for diesel engines; Peanut hulls are used for furfural, fuel, as a filler for fertilizers or for sweeping compounds;
View Plants For A Future Record : Arachis hypogaea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  


Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[4]
Amazona viridigenalis (Red-crowned Parrot)[4]
Amsacta albistriga (Red hairy Caterpillar)[4]
Amsacta moorei[4]
Anticarsia gemmatalis (velvetbean caterpillar)[4]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[4]
Aphis craccivora (Cowpea aphid)[5]
Aproaerema modicella[4]
Ascotis selenaria (Giant looper)[4]
Cadra cautella[4]
Callosobruchus chinensis[5]
Coccus celatus[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Colias eurytheme (alfalfa caterpillar)[4]
Coptotermes formosanus (Taiwan subterranean termite)[4]
Corcyra cephalonica (Rice moth)[4]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[4]
Dysmicoccus arachidis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus mollis[6]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[6]
Empoasca fabae (Potato leafhopper)[4]
Eurema daira (Fairy yellow)[4]
Eurema elathea[4]
Eurema hecabe (Common grass yellow)[4]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Formicococcus polysperes <Unverified Name>[6]
Formicococcus tripurensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Haplotinea ditella[5]
Lamprotornis purpureus (Purple Starling)[7]
Leptotes pirithous (Lang's Short-tailed Blue)[4]
Loxostege sticticalis[4]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Maladera insanabilis[4]
Monophleboides arachidis[6]
Morpho helenor[4]
Neomargarodes niger[6]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[4]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Paralipsa gularis (Stored nut moth)[4]
Penthaleus major[5]
Planococcus bendovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Planococcus halli[6]
Planococcus japonicus (Japanese mealybug)[6]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[6]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[6]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[4]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[5]
Stictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale)[8]
Strigoderma arboricola[4]
Threskiornis aethiopicus (Sacred Ibis)[4]
Vrydagha lepesmei[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


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Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7The Crop and Gizzard Food Contents of Purple Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus) in Jere and Konduga Local Government Areas of Borno State, Nigeria, S.D. YUSUFU AND Z.M. BELLO, Int. J. Agri. Biol., Vol. 6, No. 2, 2004, p. 270-271 8Foraging activity and diet of the ant, Anoplolepis tenella Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in southern Cameroon, A. Fotso Kuate, M. Tindo, R. Hanna, M. Kenne & G. Goergen, African Entomology 16(1): 107–114 (2008)
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