Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Glycine > Glycine max

Glycine max (soybean; Soya-bean; Soyabean; Soya Bean; Soya; Soja; GM Soya; Fejao-soja; Boo-mae)

Synonyms: Dolichos soja; Glycine angustifolia; Glycine gracilis; Glycine hispida; Phalseolus max; Phaseolus max; Soja angustifolia; Soja hispida; Soja japonica; Soja max; Soja soja; Soja viridis
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Wikipedia Abstract

Glycine max, commonly known as soybean in North America or soya bean in British English, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. The plant, classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, produces significantly more protein per acre than most other uses of land. The main countries growing soybeans are the United States (32% of world total, 2016 forecast), Brazil (31%) and Argentina (18%).
View Wikipedia Record: Glycine max



Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [1]  Purple
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Mid Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  None
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Crown
Growth Period [1]  Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  The raw mature seed is toxic and must be thoroughly cooked before being eaten; The sprouted raw seed is sometimes eaten and is considered to be a wholesome food.
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [1]  Seed
Root Depth [1]  8 inches (20 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  None
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  4880 / lb (10759 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil; It is non-drying according to another report; This oil has a very wide range of applications and is commonly used in the chemical industry; The oil is used industrially in the manufacture of paints, linoleum, oilcloth, printing inks, soap, insecticides, and disinfectants; Lecithin phospholipids, obtained as a by-product of the oil industry, are used as a wetting and stabilizing agent in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, leather, paint, plastic, soap, and detergent industries; Both the meal and the soy bean protein are used in the manufacture of synthetic fibre, adhesives, textile sizing, waterproofing, fire-fighting foam and many other uses; The plant is sometimes grown as a green manure; The straw can be used to make paper, stiffer than that made from wheat straw; The plant is an excellent source of biomass. The oil from the seeds can be used as a diesel fuel whilst the stems can be burnt as a fuel;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Glycine max

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  


Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean weevil)[4]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[5]
Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)[5]
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[5]
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)[5]
Anticarsia gemmatalis (velvetbean caterpillar)[6]
Aphis glycines (soybean aphid)[5]
Aproaerema modicella[5]
Asphondylia ervi[4]
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)[5]
Caenurgina erechtea (Forage Looper)[5]
Callosobruchus analis <Unverified Name>[4]
Callosobruchus chinensis[4]
Callosobruchus maculatus (bruchid beetle)[4]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[7]
Cerotoma trifurcata (Bean leaf beetle)[5]
Chen caerulescens (Snow Goose)[5]
Chioides catillus[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[7]
Coccus ovatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Colias eurytheme (alfalfa caterpillar)[5]
Colias lesbia[5]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[5]
Cynthia cardui[5]
Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Spotted cucumber beetle)[5]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[5]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[7]
Empoasca fabae (Potato leafhopper)[5]
Eriococcus lagerstroemiae (crapemyrtle scale)[7]
Eriococcus sojae[7]
Euptoieta claudia (Variegated fritillary)[5]
Eurema deva[5]
Eurema elathea[5]
Ferrisia meridionalis[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[7]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[7]
Helicoverpa zea (bollworm)[5]
Heliococcus glycinicola[7]
Hymenia recurvalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Hypera punctata (clover leaf weevil)[5]
Hyposidra talaca[8]
Lampides boeticus (bean butterfly)[5]
Leptotes pirithous (Lang's Short-tailed Blue)[5]
Loxostege sticticalis[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[7]
Matsumuraeses phaseoli[5]
Neptis hylas (Common sailor butterfly)[5]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[7]
Orius insidiosus (insidious flower bug)[5]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[4]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[5]
Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant)[5]
Phenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)[7]
Phenacoccus parvus[7]
Planococcus flagellatus[7]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[7]
Plathypena scabra (green cloverworm)[5]
Pleuroptya ruralis (Mother of Pearl Moth)[5]
Popillia japonica (Japanese beetle)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[7]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[7]
Pseudococcus dysmicus (western trochanter mealybug)[7]
Pseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)[7]
Pseudococcus sociabilis (Hambleton mealybug)[7]
Pseudococcus spanocera (Florida trochanter mealybug)[7]
Riptortus serripes[5]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[5]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[5]
Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)[5]
Tetranychus urticae (red spider mite)[5]
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)[5]
Urbanus proteus (bean leafroller)[5]
Zabrotes subfasciatus[4]
Zizeeria knysna[5]
Zizina otis <Unverified Name> (Common blue)[8]


Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[8]
Hemicriconemoides mangiferae <Unverified Name>[8]
Peronospora manshurica[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Afghanistan (introduced); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Azerbaijan (introduced); Belarus (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (introduced); Bulgaria (introduced); Canada (introduced); Caribbean-TRP (introduced); China (native); Colombia (introduced); Czechoslovakia (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); Ecuador (introduced); Egypt (introduced); Estonia (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Fiji (introduced); France (introduced); Galapagos (introduced); Gruzia (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Haiti (introduced); Hungary (introduced); India (introduced); India-ISO (introduced); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Iran (introduced); Iraq (introduced); Italy (introduced); Jamaica (introduced); Japan (introduced); Jawa (native); Kazakhstan (introduced); Kenya (introduced); Kirgizstan (introduced); Korea (introduced); Laos (native); Latvia (introduced); Lithuania (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Moldova (introduced); Mongolia (introduced); Morocco (introduced); Myanmar (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Nigeria (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Papua New Guinea (introduced); Paraguay (introduced); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Romania (introduced); Russia in Asia (introduced); Russia in Europe (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Spain (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); Tadzhikistan (introduced); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Thailand (native); Turkey in Europe (introduced); Turkmenistan (introduced); Ukraine (introduced); United States (introduced); Uruguay (introduced); Uzbekistan (introduced); Venezuela (introduced); Vietnam (native); Yugoslavia (introduced); Zambia (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Kathryn A. Barbara, University of Florida, September 2000. Latest revision: June 2014
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access