Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Albizia > Albizia saman

Albizia saman (Rain Tree; Monkey Pod; East Indian Walnut; Mara; Vaivai Ni Vavalagi; Saman; Marsave; Inga Saman; Guannegoul; Goango; Giant Thibet; Genizaro; Chorona; Cenizaro; Arbre a la Pluie; Arbor De Lluvia; Acacia Preta)

Synonyms: Acacia propinqua; Albizzia saman; Calliandra saman; Enterolobium saman; Feuilleea saman; Inga cinerea; Inga salutaris; Inga saman; Mimosa pubifera; Mimosa saman; Pithecellobium cinereum; Pithecellobium saman; Pithecellobium saman var. saman; Pithecolobium saman; Samanea saman; Zygia saman
Language: French; Hindi; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Albizia saman (sometimes treated under the obsolete name Samanea saman) is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the Neotropics. Its range extends from Mexico south to Peru and Brazil, but it has been widely introduced to South and Southeast Asia, as well as the Pacific Islands, including Hawaii. Common names include saman, rain tree and monkeypod (see also below).
View Wikipedia Record: Albizia saman

Invasive Species

Samanea saman is a leguminous tree which can easily reach a height of 25 metres. It has been distributed around the world, mostly in tropical climates and has become naturalised in many countries. Samanea saman is valued for its many uses, the primary ones being shade, timber and animal fodder. Samanea saman has become invasive in Fiji, where it can dominate areas of vegetation and is able to invade native forest ecosystems, as found in Hawaii.
View ISSG Record: Albizia saman


Janka Hardness [2]  850 lbf (386 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.48
Structure [1]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva Biológica Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve Ia 19317 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)[5]
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)[6]
Amazilia brevirostris (White-chested Emerald)[7]
Amazilia tobaci (Copper-rumped Hummingbird)[7]
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)[8]
Andaspis laingi[9]
Anthracothorax nigricollis (Black-throated Mango)[7]
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)[8]
Aspidoproctus magnicornis[9]
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)[5]
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)[8]
Ceronema koebeli[9]
Chlorostilbon notatus (blue-chinned sapphire)[7]
Chrysolampis mosquitus (Ruby-topaz Hummingbird)[7]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[9]
Crax daubentoni (Yellow-knobbed Curassow)[10]
Crypticerya montserratensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Drosicha townsendi[9]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[9]
Dysmicoccus texensis[9]
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)[11]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[9]
Florisuga mellivora (White-necked Jacobin)[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Icerya aegyptiaca[9]
Icerya formicarum[9]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[9]
Megapulvinaria maxima[9]
Melanaspis odontoglossi[9]
Misracoccus xyliae[9]
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)[12]
Pinnaspis albizziae[9]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[9]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[9]
Pseudaonidia manilensis[9]
Pteropus rodricensis (Rodriguez flying fox)[13]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[9]
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)[14]
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Antigua-Barbuda (uncertain); Australia (introduced); Bangladesh (introduced); Barbados (uncertain); Belize (native); Benin (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Brazil (native); Cambodia (introduced); China (introduced); Colombia (native); Costa Rica (native); Cuba (uncertain); Dominica (uncertain); Dominican Republic (introduced); Ecuador (uncertain); El Salvador (native); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (native); Gambia The (introduced); Ghana (introduced); Grenada (uncertain); Guadeloupe (uncertain); Guatemala (uncertain); Guyana (native); Hainan (introduced); Haiti (introduced); Hawaii (introduced); Honduras (uncertain); India (introduced); India-ISO (introduced); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Irian Jaya (introduced); Jamaica (native); Jawa (native); Kalimantan (native); Kenya (introduced); Laos (introduced); Madagascar (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (introduced); Maldives (introduced); Marshall Is (introduced); Martinique (uncertain); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(South East) (uncertain); Montserrat (uncertain); Nicaragua (uncertain); Nigeria (introduced); Niue (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Panama (uncertain); Papua New Guinea (introduced); Peninsular Malaysia (native); Peru (native); Philippines (introduced); Puerto Rico (uncertain); Reunion (introduced); Sao Tome & Principe (introduced); Seychelles (introduced); Sierra Leone (introduced); Singapore (introduced); Society Is (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Lucia (uncertain); St Vincent (uncertain); Sudan (introduced); Sulawesi (native); Sumatera (native); Surinam (native); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Thailand (introduced); Togo (introduced); Uganda (introduced); Venezuela (native); Vietnam (introduced); Zaire (introduced); Zambia (introduced);



Attributes / relations provided by 1Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 2Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheets U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service 5Flexibility in Diets of Three Species of Costa Rican Primates, Colin Chapman, Folia primatol. 49: 90-105 (1987) 6Feeding Ecology of the Black Howler Monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Northern Belize, S.C. SILVER, L.E.T. OSTRO, C.P. YEAGER, AND R. HORWICH, American Journal of Primatology 45:263–279 (1998) 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008 9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 10DIET OF THE YELLOW-KNOBBED CURASSOW IN THE CENTRAL VENEZUELAN LLANOS, CAROLINA BERTSCH AND GUILLERMO R. BARRETO, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(4):767–777, 2008 11Diet, Nutritional Ecology, and Birth Season of Eulemur macaco in an Anthropogenic Forest in Madagascar, Bruno Simmen & Françoise Bayart & André Marez & Annette Hladik, Int J Primatol (2007) 28:1253–1266 12Barreto, G. R., Hernandez, O. E. and Ojasti, J. (1997), Diet of peccaries (Tayassu tajacu and T. pecari) in a dry forest of Venezuela. Journal of Zoology, 241: 279–284 13Folivory in Fruit-Eating Bats, with New Evidence from Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), Thomas H. Kunz and Carlos A. Diaz, Biotropica, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 106-120 14Proyecto Tití
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