Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Cajanus > Cajanus cajan

Cajanus cajan (Pigeon Pea Bush; Congo Pea; pigeonpea; Red Gram; Rahar; Quinchoncho; Quinchonchillo; Pwa Angole; Pois D'Angolie; Pois d'Angole; Pois Congo; Pois Cajan; Pigeon Pea; Lenteja; Gungo Pea; Guandul; Guandu; Gandures; Gandul; Frijol Quinchancho; Frijol De Arbol; Dhal; Dahl)

Synonyms: Cajan cajan; Cajan indorum; Cajanus bicolor; Cajanus cajan; Cajanus cajan var. bicolor; Cajanus cajan var. flavus; Cajanus flavus; Cajanus indicus; Cajanus indicus var. bicolor; Cajanus indicus var. flavus; Cajanus indicus var. maculatus; Cajanus inodorum; Cajanus inodorus; Cajanus luteus; Cajanus obcordifolius; Cajanus pseudo-cajan; Cajanus striatus; Cytisus cajan; Cytisus guineensis; Cytisus pseudo-cajan; Cytisus pseudocajan; Phaseolus balicus
Language: German; Hindi; Polish; Portuguese; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. Since its domestication in South Asia at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food grain in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
View Wikipedia Record: Cajanus cajan



Height [1]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [1]  High
Fire Tolerance [1]  Medium
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Year Round
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [1]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [1]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  8000 / lb (17637 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mburucuy√° National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  


Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean weevil)[3]
Amsacta albistriga (Red hairy Caterpillar)[4]
Amsacta lactinea[4]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[3]
Callosobruchus analis <Unverified Name>[3]
Callosobruchus chinensis[3]
Callosobruchus maculatus (bruchid beetle)[3]
Catochrysops panormus (Silver Forget-me-not)[4]
Catochrysops strabo (Forget-me-not)[4]
Cerococcus catenarius[5]
Ceronema africana[5]
Ceroplastes brevicauda[5]
Ceroplastodes zavattarii[5]
Clavaspis herculeana (cassia bark scale)[4]
Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)[5]
Coccus cajani[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Creontiades dilutus[4]
Crypticerya genistae <Unverified Name>[5]
Drepanococcus cajani[5]
Drepanococcus chiton[5]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[5]
Euchrysops cnejus (Gram Blue)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[5]
Icerya aegyptiaca[5]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[5]
Icerya samaraia <Unverified Name>[5]
Lampides boeticus (bean butterfly)[4]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[5]
Leptotes pirithous (Lang's Short-tailed Blue)[4]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Melanacanthus margineguttatus[4]
Melanerythrus australis (Passionvine Bug)[4]
Neptis hylas (Common sailor butterfly)[4]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Orthezia urticae (ensign coccid)[3]
Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)[5]
Parastictococcus gowdeyi[5]
Parastictococcus multispinosus[5]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Philephedra tuberculosa[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus cajani <Unverified Name>[5]
Planococcus halli[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Pseudaletis clymenus[4]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis subcorticalis[5]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[5]
Pseudokermes vitreus <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudoparlatoria ostreata (acalypha scale)[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[3]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[5]
Sphenarches anisodactylus (Geranium Plume Moth)[7]
Urbanus dorantes (Lilac-banded Longtail)[4]
Vitrococcus conchiformis[5]
Waxiella ugandae[5]
Zabrotes subfasciatus[3]


Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Afghanistan (introduced); Angola-ISO (introduced); Anguilla (introduced); Antigua-Barbuda (introduced); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Azerbaijan (introduced); Bahamas (introduced); Bangladesh (introduced); Barbados (introduced); Belize (introduced); Benin (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bismarck Archipelago (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (introduced); Burundi (introduced); Cambodia (introduced); Cameroon (introduced); Cayman Is (introduced); Chad (introduced); China (uncertain); Colombia (introduced); Comoro Is (introduced); Costa Rica (introduced); Cuba (introduced); Djibouti (introduced); Dominica (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); East Timor (introduced); Ecuador (introduced); Egypt (introduced); El Salvador (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (introduced); Ghana (introduced); Grenada (introduced); Gruzia (introduced); Guadeloupe (introduced); Guam (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Guinea (introduced); Guinea Bissau (introduced); Guyana (introduced); Hainan (uncertain); Haiti (introduced); Hawaii (introduced); Honduras (introduced); India (native); Indonesia-ISO (introduced); Ivory Coast (introduced); Jamaica (introduced); Japan (introduced); Jawa (native); Kenya (introduced); Laccadive Is (introduced); Laos (introduced); Lesser Sunda Is (native); Liberia (introduced); Madagascar (introduced); Malawi (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (introduced); Mali (introduced); Martinique (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Mayotte (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Montserrat (introduced); Mozambique (introduced); Myanmar (introduced); Nauru (introduced); Nepal (introduced); Netherlands Leeward Is (introduced); Nicaragua (introduced); Niger (introduced); Nigeria (introduced); Niue (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Ogasawara-Shoto (introduced); Oman (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Panama (introduced); Papua New Guinea (introduced); Paraguay (introduced); Peninsular Malaysia (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Puerto Rico (introduced); Reunion (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Rwanda (introduced); Ryukyu Is (introduced); Sao Tome & Principe (introduced); Senegal (introduced); Seychelles (introduced); Sierra Leone (introduced); Singapore (introduced); Society Is (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Kitts-Nevis (introduced); St Lucia (introduced); St Martin-St Barthelemy (introduced); St Vincent (introduced); Sudan (introduced); Sulawesi (native); Sumatera (native); Surinam (introduced); Swaziland (introduced); Tadzhikistan (introduced); Taiwan (uncertain); Tanzania (introduced); Thailand (introduced); Togo (introduced); Trinidad & Tobago (introduced); Turkey in Asia (introduced); Turkmenistan (introduced); Uganda (introduced); United States (introduced); Uzbekistan (introduced); Venezuela (introduced); Venezuelan Antilles (introduced); Vietnam (introduced); Yemen (introduced); Zaire (introduced); Zambia (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);



Attributes / relations provided by 1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 7Review of the Neotropical species of the family Pterophoridae, part I: Ochyroticinae, Deuterocopinae, Pterophorinae (Platyptiliini, Exelastini, Oxyptilini) (Lepidoptera), C. Gielis, Zool. Med. Leiden 80 (2006)
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