Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Acacia > Acacia mearnsii
 

Acacia mearnsii (Black wattle; Australian acacia)

Synonyms: Acacia decurrens; Acacia decurrens mollis; Acacia mollissima; Racosperma mearnsii
Language: Afrikaans; German; Portuguese; zulu

Wikipedia Abstract

Acacia mearnsii is a fast-growing leguminous tree native to Australia. Common names for it include black wattle, Acácia-negra, Australian acacia, Australische Akazie, Swartwattel, Uwatela. This plant is now known as one of the worst invasive species in the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Acacia mearnsii

Invasive Species

Acacia mearnsii is a fast growing leguminous (nitrogen fixing) tree. Native to Australia, it is often used as a commercial source of tannin or a source of fire wood for local communities. It threatens native habitats by competing with indigenous vegetation, replacing grass communities, reducing native biodiversity and increasing water loss from riparian zones.
View ISSG Record: Acacia mearnsii

Attributes

Height [1]  26 feet (7.8 m)
Width [1]  24 feet (7.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Medium
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Low
Janka Hardness [3]  1660 lbf (753 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [5]  0.66
Structure [2]  Tree

Predators

Agrilus hypoleucus <Unverified Name>[6]
Akainothrips herbae <Unverified Name>[6]
Ancepaspis anomala[7]
Ceroplastes confluens[7]
Charaxes sempronius <Unverified Name>[6]
Coptomma variegatum[8]
Didymus erroneus <Unverified Name>[8]
Dryocora howitti <Unverified Name>[8]
Garyus altus <Unverified Name>[8]
Hadrobregmus australiensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[9]
Hypochrysops delicia[6]
Hypochrysops ignitus <Unverified Name>[6]
Jalmenus evagoras (Imperial blue)[6]
Jalmenus icilius (Icilius Blue)[6]
Jalmenus ictinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ledaspis mashonae[7]
Maconellicoccus australiensis[7]
Melanococcus albizziae (Wattle mealybug)[7]
Nacaduba biocellata[6]
Omoeacalles crisioides <Unverified Name>[8]
Paedaretus hispidus[8]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudalmenus chlorinda (Silky Hairstreak)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[9]
Shapius brouni <Unverified Name>[8]
Tanychilus sophorae <Unverified Name>[8]
Xylotoles laetus[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Argentina (introduced); Australia (native); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (introduced); China (introduced); Congo (introduced); Corsica (introduced); Ecuador (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Hawaii (introduced); India (introduced); Italy-F.E. (introduced); Jamaica (introduced); Japan (introduced); Kenya (introduced); Madagascar (introduced); Malawi (introduced); Morocco (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Papua New Guinea (native); Portugal (introduced); Reunion (introduced); Rwanda (introduced); Ryukyu Is (introduced); Seychelles (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Spain-F.E. (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); Sudan (introduced); Swaziland (introduced); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Tasmania (native); Uganda (introduced); United States (introduced); Zambia (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Rico M.L., 1994, ILDIS World Database of Legumes in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway Ministry of Agriculture and Food - February 2013