Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Acacia > Acacia melanoxylon

Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood; Blackwood; Blackwood acacia; Tasmanian blackwood; Black Wattle; Sally Wattle; Mudgerabah; Hickory)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Acacia melanoxylon, commonly known as the Australian blackwood, is an Acacia species native in eastern Australia. The species is also known as Sally wattle, lightwood, hickory, mudgerabah, Tasmanian blackwood, black wattle or blackwood acacia.
View Wikipedia Record: Acacia melanoxylon

Invasive Species

Acacia melanoxylon is native in eastern Australia. This tree grows fast and tall, up to 45m height. It has a wide ecological tolerance, occurring over an extensive range of soils and climatic conditions, but develops better in colder climates. Control of its invasion of natural vegetation, commercial timber plantations and farmland incurs considerable costs, but its timber value and nursing of natural forest succession provides a positive contribution.
View ISSG Record: Acacia melanoxylon


Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [1]  25 feet (7.6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  1330 lbf (603 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  28 inches (71 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have a penetrating scent.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  31200 / lb (68784 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.531
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers; A green dye is obtained from the seed pods; The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion; The bark is rich in tannin; Wood - hard, dark, close grained, high quality, takes a high polish. Used for furniture, fittings etc;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Acacia melanoxylon

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Mt. Field National Park II 39289 Tasmania, Australia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  


Acutaspis ramirezi[6]
Anamefiorinia lidgetti[6]
Ancepaspis anomala[6]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[7]
Ceroplastes confluens[6]
Clavaspis subfervens[6]
Coccus acaciae[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Coptomma lineatum[8]
Coptomma sulcatum[8]
Crisicoccus acaciae[6]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[8]
Duplaspidiotus laciniae[6]
Dysmicoccus acaciarum[6]
Dysmicoccus banksi[6]
Dysmicoccus bundooranus[6]
Eulaingia stenophyllae[6]
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)[8]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[6]
Hemilecanium kellyi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hypochrysops delicia[9]
Icerya acaciae <Unverified Name>[6]
Ityococcus beardsleyi[6]
Jalmenus evagoras (Imperial blue)[9]
Jalmenus ictinus <Unverified Name>[9]
Kalotermes brouni <Unverified Name>[8]
Kladothrips rodwayi <Unverified Name>[9]
Koptothrips flavicornis <Unverified Name>[9]
Lepidosaphes multipora[6]
Liothula omnivora[8]
Maconellicoccus australiensis[6]
Melanococcus albizziae (Wattle mealybug)[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[6]
Nipaecoccus ericicola[6]
Oemona hirta[8]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Pseudalmenus chlorinda (Silky Hairstreak)[9]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[8]
Pulvinaria thompsoni[6]


Argentina (introduced); Australia (native); Azores (introduced); Belgium-F.E. (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Chile (introduced); Colombia (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); France-F.E. (introduced); Gruzia (introduced); India (introduced); Italy-F.E. (introduced); Kenya (introduced); Lesotho (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Moldova (introduced); Nepal (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Peru (introduced); Portugal (introduced); Reunion (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Spain-F.E. (introduced); Sri Lanka (introduced); Swaziland (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Tasmania (native); United States (introduced); Uruguay (introduced); Venezuela (introduced);



Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access