Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Acacia > Acacia nilotica

Acacia nilotica (Gum Arabic Tree; Cassie; Cassie a Piquants Blancs; Piquant Lulu; Karuvel; Goma Arabica; Casha; Black Piquant; Acacia de Cayenne)

Synonyms: Acacia arabica; Acacia scorpioides; Mimosa arabica; Mimosa nilotica; Mimosa scorpioides
Language: Hindi

Wikipedia Abstract

Acacia nilotica (gum arabic tree, Babul/Kikar, Egyptian thorn, Sant tree, Al-sant or prickly acacia; called thorn mimosa or prickly acacia in Australia; lekkerruikpeul or scented thorn in South Africa) is a species of Acacia native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. It is also currently an invasive species of significant concern in Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Acacia nilotica


Invasive Species

Acacia nilotica is a small tree 4 to 5 metres tall that was initially introduced to tropical areas for shading and forage. It forms dense stands that limit access to water for livestock, diminish the quality of pasture and compete with native plants. Acacia nilotica is regarded in Australia as a pest plant of national importance.
View ISSG Record: Acacia nilotica


Height [1]  23 feet (6.9 m)
Width [1]  17 feet (5.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Low
Janka Hardness [3]  2650 lbf (1202 kgf) Very Hard
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [5]  0.723
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  


Andaspis leucophleae[6]
Anomalococcus indicus[6]
Axis axis (chital)[7]
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)[8]
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)[9]
Cerococcus indicus (yellow cotton scale)[6]
Ceronema africana[6]
Cinnyris asiaticus (Purple sunbird)[10]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Hemaspidoproctus cinereus[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[6]
Lecanodiaspis africana[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Melanaspis chrysobalani[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[6]
Pseudotargionia glandulosa[6]
Pulvinarisca acaciae[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Algeria (native); Angola-ISO (native); Antigua-Barbuda (introduced); Australia (introduced); Bahamas (introduced); Bangladesh (native); Barbados (introduced); Botswana (native); China (introduced); Cuba (introduced); Egypt (native); Ethiopia (native); Galapagos (introduced); Gambia The (native); Ghana (native); Grenada (introduced); Guadeloupe (introduced); Guinea Bissau (native); Hainan (introduced); India (native); India-ISO (native); Iran (native); Iraq (native); Israel (native); Kenya (native); Libya (native); Madagascar (introduced); Malawi (native); Mali (native); Martinique (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Montserrat (introduced); Mozambique (native); Nepal (native); Niger (native); Nigeria (native); Oman (native); Pakistan (native); Puerto Rico (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Senegal (native); Somalia (native); South Africa (native); Sri Lanka (introduced); St Lucia (introduced); St Martin-St Barthelemy (introduced); Sudan (native); Syria (native); Tanzania (native); Togo (native); Uganda (native); United States (introduced); Yemen (native); Zambia (native); Zimbabwe (native);



Species recognized by Rico ML, , ILDIS World Database of Legumes in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7Food habits of ungulates in dry tropical forests of Gir Lion Sanctuary, Gujarat, India, Jamal A. KHAN, Acta Theriologica 39 (2): 185-193,1994. 8Boselaphus tragocamelus, DAVID M. LESLIE, JR., MAMMALIAN SPECIES 813:1–16 (2008) 9FEEDING BEHAVIOUR OF CAMEL REVIEW, Arshad Iqbal & Bakht Baidar Khan, Pak. J. Agri. Sei. Vol. 38 (3-4), 2001, p. 58-63 10Notes on Feeding and Breeding Habits of the Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica (Cinnyris asiaticus) in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Southern Iran, TAHER GHADIRIAN, ALI T. QASHQAEI & MOHSEN DADRAS, Podoces, 2007, 2(2): 122–126
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway Ministry of Agriculture and Food - February 2013