Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Medicago > Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha (bur clover; burclover; Toothed Bur Clover; Toothed Medick; Black Medick; Bur Medic; Bur Medick; Burr Medic; California Burclover; Luzerne Polymorphe; Rauher Schneckenklee; Stachliger Schneckenklee; Wollklette)

Synonyms: Medicago apiculata; Medicago denticulata; Medicago hispida; Medicago hispida var. confinus; Medicago hispida var. nigra; Medicago lappacea; Medicago loretii; Medicago nigra; Medicago nigra subsp. microcarpa; Medicago nigra var. nigra; Medicago pentacycla; Medicago polycarpa; Medicago polycarpa subsp. polymorpha; Medicago polycarpa subsp. reticulata; Medicago polymorpha subsp. hispida; Medicago polymorpha subsp. lappacea; Medicago polymorpha subsp. polycarpa; Medicago polymorpha var. apiculata; Medicago polymorpha var. nigra; Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris; Medicago reticulata; Medicago terebellum
Language: Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

Medicago polymorpha is a plant species of the genus Medicago. It is native to the Mediterranean basin but is found throughout the world. It forms a symbiotic relationship with the bacterium Sinorhizobium medicae, which is capable of nitrogen fixation. Common names include California burclover, toothed bur clover, toothed medick and burr medic.
View Wikipedia Record: Medicago polymorpha



Height [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [4]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Bee Flower Color [1]  Green
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Dispersal Mode [5]  Zoochory
Drought Tolerance [2]  None
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Annual
Pollinators [3]  Bats
Propagation [2]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [2]  Slow
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  170400 / lb (375667 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Prostrate
Structure [6]  Herb
Usage [3]  Used as a green manure, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Medicago polymorpha

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dungeness 7966 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Table Mountain   California, United States      
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Vic Fazio Yolo Wildlife Area Wildlife Refuge   California, United States
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia



Aphis craccivora (Cowpea aphid)[7]
Bruchophagus gibbus[8]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[7]
Colias eurytheme (alfalfa caterpillar)[7]
Colias lesbia[7]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[7]
Erynnis funeralis (funereal duskywing)[7]
Geomys breviceps (Baird's pocket gopher)[9]
Hypera postica (Alfalfa weevil)[8]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[7]
Orthezia yashushii[10]
Petrobia latens[8]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[10]
Platalea flavipes (Yellow-billed Spoonbill)[11]
Polytelis swainsonii (Superb Parrot)[11]
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)[12]
Zizina otis <Unverified Name> (Common blue)[13]


Parasitized by 
Uromyces pisi-sativi[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Afghanistan (native); Albania (native); Algeria (native); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Austria (native); Azerbaijan (native); Azores (native); Balearic Is (native); Belarus (introduced); Belgium (introduced); Bolivia (introduced); Brazil (introduced); Bulgaria (native); Canada (introduced); Canary Is (native); Chatham Is (introduced); Chile (introduced); China (native); Corsica (native); Costa Rica (introduced); Cyprus (native); Czechoslovakia (introduced); Djibouti (native); Dominican Republic (introduced); East Aegean Is(Greek) (native); Ecuador (introduced); Egypt (native); Estonia (introduced); Ethiopia (uncertain); France (native); Germany (native); Great Britain (native); Greece (native); Gruzia (native); Hawaii (introduced); Hungary (introduced); India (uncertain); Iran (uncertain); Iraq (uncertain); Israel (native); Italy (native); Jordan (native); Kazakhstan (native); Kenya (uncertain); Kermadec Is (introduced); Kirgizstan (native); Kriti (native); Kuwait (uncertain); Latvia (introduced); Lebanon (native); Libya (native); Madeira (native); Malta (native); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Morocco (native); Nepal (uncertain); Netherlands (introduced); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Pakistan (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Portugal (native); Reunion (introduced); Romania (native); Russia in Asia (native); Russia in Europe (introduced); Sardegna (native); Saudi Arabia (uncertain); Sicilia (native); Sinai (native); Socotra (native); South Africa (introduced); Spain (native); Switzerland (introduced); Syria (native); Tadzhikistan (native); Taiwan (native); Tanzania (uncertain); Tasmania (introduced); Tunisia (native); Turkey in Asia (native); Turkey in Europe (native); Turkmenistan (native); Ukraine (native); United States (introduced); Uruguay (introduced); Uzbekistan (native); Venezuela (introduced); Vietnam (introduced); Yemen (uncertain); Yugoslavia (native);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Geomys breviceps, James M. Sulentich, Lawrence R. Williams, and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 383, pp. 1-4 (1991)
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
13New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access