Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Cytisus > Cytisus scoparius
 

Cytisus scoparius (Broomtops; Common broom; European broom; Irish broom; Scotch broom; scotchbroom; English broom; Broom; Scots Broom; Yellow Broom)

Synonyms: Sarothamnus bourgaei; Sarothamnus oxyphyllus; Sarothamnus scoparius; Sarothamnus vulgaris; Spartium scoparium
Language: French; German; Portuguese; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

Cytisus scoparius, the common broom or Scotch broom, syn. Sarothamnus scoparius, is a perennial leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe. In Britain and Ireland, the standard name is broom, but this name is also used for other members of the Genisteae tribe, such as French broom or Spanish broom, and the term common broom is sometimes used for clarification. In other English-speaking countries, the most prevalent common name is Scotch broom (or Scot's broom); English broom is also occasionally used.
View Wikipedia Record: Cytisus scoparius

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

The densely growing Cytisus scoparius is a shrub indigenous to Europe and northern Asia that favours temperate climates and is found in abundance on sandy pastures and heaths. It is sparingly naturalized in sandy soil in North America. It grows best in dry, sandy soils in full sunlight and can also do well on soils high in boron. Where introduced, it colonizes pastures and cultivated fields, dry scrubland and "wasteland", and native grasslands. Most rapid spread of the plant has occurred along waterways where the seed is distributed by water. It is also spread rapidly along roads, where the seed is distributed by passing vehicles. Wind, birds, and other animals may also transport seeds. Seed re-introduction may occur from the sheep droppings during grazing.
View ISSG Record: Cytisus scoparius

Attributes

Height [2]  7.9 feet (2.4 m)
Width [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Spring
Dispersal Mode [5]  Autochory
Drought Tolerance [1]  High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  5 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  Poisonous; The plant is of extremely low or zero toxicity;
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [1]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Rapid
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  57000 / lb (125663 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  An excellent fibre is obtained from the bark, it is used in the manufacture of paper, cloth and nets; It is not as strong as the fibre from the Spanish broom (Spartium junceum); The fibre is obtained from the root according to other reports; The bark fibre is used to make paper, it is 2 - 9mm long; The branches are harvested in late summer or autumn, the leaves removed and the stems steamed until the fibres can be stripped. The fibres are cooked for 3 hours in lye then put in a ball mill for 3 hours. The paper is pale tan in colour; The bark is a good source of tannin; A yellow and a brown dye are obtained from the bark; A yellow dye is obtained from the flowering stem; A green dye is obtained from the leaves and young tops; The branches are used to make baskets, brushes, brooms and besoms; They are also sometimes used for thatching roofs and as substitutes for reeds in making fences or screens; An essential oil from the flowers is used in perfumery; Growing well on dry banks and on steep slopes, it is an effective sand binder and soil stabiliser; Broom is one of the first plant to colonize sand dunes by the coast; The plant attracts insects away from nearby plants; The var. prostratus (= C. scoparius maritimus?; The cultivar 'Andreanus Prostratus' can also be used; Wood - very hard, beautifully veined; The plant seldom reaches sufficient size for its wood to be of much value, but larger specimens are valued by cabinet makers and for veneer;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Cytisus scoparius

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Wyvis 13313 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Buchan Ness to Collieston 513 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Culbin Bar 1514 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Elenydd 21274 Wales, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Lower River Spey – Spey Bay 1613 Scotland, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
River Moriston 481 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
River Tweed 9380 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Storbeck 827 Germany  
Streganzer Berg 394 Germany  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Val Codera 2021 Italy  
Wittstock-Ruppiner Heide 23095 Germany  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Predators

Aceria genistae[6]
Aculops hilli[7]
Agonopterix assimilella[8]
Agonopterix atomella[8]
Agonopterix nervosa[8]
Agonopterix scopariella[8]
Agromyza johannae[6]
Alcis repandata (Mottled Beauty)[8]
Anarsia spartiella[8]
Andaspis kashicola[9]
Andrena haemorrhoa (Early Mining Bee)[10]
Angerona prunaria[8]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[10]
Aporophyla lutulenta (Deep Brown Dart)[8]
Arytaina genistae[6]
Arytainilla spartiophila[6]
Asciodema obsoleta[6]
Asphondylia sarothamni[6]
Asynonychus cervinus <Unverified Name>[7]
Biston betularia (peppered moth)[8]
Bombus hortorum (Small Garden Humble-bee)[10]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[10]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[10]
Bombus soroeensis (Ilfracombe Humble-bee)[10]
Bruchidius cisti[8]
Bruchidius villosus (broom seed beetle)[8]
Callophrys rubi (Green Hairstreak Butterfly)[10]
Camarosporidiella spartii[6]
Ceramica pisi <Unverified Name>[10]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[9]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[9]
Charagmus griseus[6]
Chesias legatella (Streak Moth)[10]
Chesias rufata[8]
Chionaspis ortholobis (california willow scale)[9]
Clinodiplosis cilicrus[6]
Coleophora saturatella[8]
Coniothyrium sarothamni[6]
Crepidotus pallidus[6]
Crocallis dardoinaria[8]
Cryptocephalus bipunctatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Cryptocephalus sexpunctatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[7]
Cytospora sarothamni[6]
Dacrymyces minor[6]
Dama dama (fallow deer)[11]
Dicallomera fascelina <Unverified Name>[8]
Dictyonota fuliginosa[6]
Dictyonota strichnocera[6]
Diplodia sarothamni[6]
Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth)[7]
Erysiphe trifolii[10]
Gargara genistae[10]
Gonioctena olivacea <Unverified Name>[10]
Gymnoscelis rufifasciata (Double-striped Pug)[8]
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Pigeon)[6]
Heterocordylus tibialis[10]
Hylastinus obscurus (clover root rot)[6]
Hymenopsis saccardoana[6]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[9]
Isturgia limbaria (Frosted Yellow Moth)[10]
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)[8]
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)[8]
Lampides boeticus (bean butterfly)[8]
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)[8]
Lasiocampa trifolii (Grass Eggar)[8]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[9]
Leucoptera spartifoliella (Scotch broom twig miner)[6]
Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese maple scale)[9]
Melanchra pisi (Broom Moth)[8]
Mirificarma mulinella[8]
Muscardinus avellanarius (hazel dormouse)[12]
Myathropa florea <Unverified Name>[10]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[9]
Noctua comes (Lesser Yellow Underwing)[8]
Nysius huttoni[7]
Oemona hirta[7]
Orthotylus adenocarpi[6]
Orthotylus concolor[6]
Orthotylus virescens[6]
Parasyrphus malinellus[10]
Parlatoria pittospori (mauve pittosporum scale)[9]
Pechipogo plumigeralis <Unverified Name>[8]
Peniophora incarnata (Rosy Crust)[6]
Perconia strigillaria (Grass Wave)[8]
Phloeotribus rhododactylus[6]
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)[8]
Piezodorus lituratus (Gorse Shield Bug)[10]
Pirapion immune <Unverified Name>[7]
Planotortrix excessana (Greenheaded leafroller)[7]
Planotortrix octo <Unverified Name>[7]
Plebejus argus (Silver-studded Blue)[8]
Polydrusus marginatus[10]
Postia tephroleuca (Greyling Bracket)[6]
Prolita solutella[8]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[9]
Pseudoterpna coronillaria[8]
Pseudoterpna pruinata (Grass Emerald)[8]
Rhingia campestris[10]
Scotopteryx mucronata[8]
Scotopteryx peribolata[8]
Shapius sandageri <Unverified Name>[7]
Siphona ingerae[10]
Sitochroa verticalis[10]
Sitona macularius[10]
Sitona striatellus[10]
Tamias ochrogenys (yellow-cheeked chipmunk)[13]
Thrips obscuratus <Unverified Name>[7]
Trigonophora flammea (Flame Brocade)[8]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Andrena haemorrhoa (Early Mining Bee)[10]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[10]
Bombus hortorum (Small Garden Humble-bee)[10]
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[6]
Bombus pascuorum (Common Carder-bee)[10]
Bombus pratorum (Early-nesting Humble-bee)[10]
Bombus soroeensis (Ilfracombe Humble-bee)[10]
Brassicogethes aeneus[6]
Halictus rubicundus[6]
Myathropa florea <Unverified Name>[10]
Parasyrphus malinellus[10]
Phyllopertha horticola[6]
Rhingia campestris[10]
Siphona ingerae[10]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Arnaudiella genistae[6]
Erysiphe trifolii[6]
Flammulina velutipes[6]
Shelter for 
Saxicola rubicola (European Stonechat)[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Antipodean Is (introduced); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Austria-F.E. (native); Azores (introduced); Belarus (native); Belgium-F.E. (native); Bolivia (introduced); Canada (introduced); Canary Is (introduced); Chatham Is (introduced); Chile (introduced); China (introduced); Corsica (native); Czechoslovakia (native); Denmark (native); Estonia (introduced); France-F.E. (native); Germany (native); Great Britain (native); Greece (native); Hawaii (introduced); Hungary (native); India (introduced); Ireland-F.E. (native); Italy-F.E. (native); Japan (introduced); Latvia (native); Lithuania (native); Madagascar (introduced); Madeira (introduced); Moldova (native); Netherlands (native); New Zealand(North) (introduced); New Zealand(South) (introduced); Norway (native); Poland (native); Portugal (native); Prince Edward I (introduced); Romania (native); Russia in Asia (native); Russia in Europe (native); Sardegna (native); Sicilia-F.E. (native); South Africa (introduced); Spain-F.E. (native); Sweden (native); Switzerland (native); Tasmania (introduced); Ukraine (native); United States (introduced); Yugoslavia (native);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Ecology of Commanster
11Dama dama, George A. Feldhamer, Kelly C. Farris-Renner, and Celeste M. Barker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 317, pp. 1-8 (1988)
12Juškaitis R. 2008. The Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius: Ecology, Population Structure and Dynamics. Institute of Ecology of Vilnius University Publishers, Vilnius.
13Tamias ochrogenys, William L. Gannon, Richard B. Forbes, and Douglas E. Kain, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 445, pp. 1-4 (1993)
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access