Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Cassia > Cassia fistula
 

Cassia fistula (Pudding-pipe Tree; Golden Rain; Golden Shower; Kas; Butor; Casse; Cassie; Canafistula; Baton Casse; Canafistol; Canafistola; Canafistula Mansa; Canefice; Caneficier; Casse Espagnole; Casse Medicinale; Casse-habitant; Cassia Stick Tree; Cassia-Stick Tree; Chacara; Guayaba Cimarrona; Indian Laburnum; Kaisai; La Casse; Purging Cassia; Purging Fistula; Rohrenkassie)

Synonyms: Bactyrilobium fistula; Cassia bonplandiana; Cassia excelsa; Cassia fistuloides; Cassia rhombifolia; Cathartocarpus excelsus; Cathartocarpus fistula; Cathartocarpus fistuloides; Cathartocarpus rhombifolius
Language: Hindi; Sinhala

Wikipedia Abstract

Cassia fistula, known as the golden rain tree, canafistula and by other , is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia. It ranges from southern Pakistan eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka. In ancient Tamil literature, it is called கொன்றை (kondrai) and is closely associated with the Mullai (forest) region of Sangam landscape. It is the national tree of Thailand, and its flower is Thailand's national flower. It is also the state flower of Kerala in India and of immense importance amongst the Malayali population. It is a popular ornamental plant and is also used in herbal medicine.
View Wikipedia Record: Cassia fistula

Attributes

Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.2 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Specific Gravity [3]  0.9
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  

Emblem of

Kerala
Thailand
Thailand

Predators

Agapophyta bipunctata[4]
Andaspis hawaiiensis (Hawaiian scale)[5]
Andaspis leucophleae[5]
Anthene lycaenoides (Pale Ciliate Blue)[6]
Anthene seltuttus (Dark Ciliate Blue)[6]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[5]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[5]
Astraptes fulgerator (Skipper)[4]
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)[7]
Candalides absimilis (Pencilled Blue)[6]
Canis aureus (Golden Jackal)[8]
Catopsilia florella (African Emigrant)[4]
Catopsilia pomona (Lemon emigrant butterfly)[6]
Catopsilia pyranthe (Mottled emigrant butterfly)[6]
Catopsilia scylla (Orange emigrant butterfly)[4]
Charaxes castor (Giant charaxes butterfly)[4]
Charaxes sempronius <Unverified Name>[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[9]
Colobura dirce (Zebra mosaic butterfly)[4]
Crypticerya multicerarices <Unverified Name>[5]
Crypticerya similis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)[10]
Drosicha mangiferae[5]
Eurema blanda (Three-Spot Grass Yellow)[4]
Eurema hecabe (Common grass yellow)[4]
Eurema smilax[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Graphium agamemnon (Tailed jay swallowtail)[4]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Hypolycaena phorbas[6]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[9]
Melanaspis odontoglossi[5]
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)[11]
Mictis profana (Crusader bug)[4]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[5]
Parlatoreopsis longispina (Asiatic pomegranate scale)[5]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Phoebis philea (orange-barred giant sulphur)[4]
Phoebis sennae (Cloudless giant sulpher)[4]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[5]
Pinnaspis buxi (bamboo mussel-scale)[5]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]

Distribution

Andaman Is (introduced); Angola-ISO (introduced); Antigua-Barbuda (introduced); Argentina (introduced); Australia (introduced); Bangladesh (native); Barbados (introduced); Belize (introduced); Bhutan (introduced); Brazil (introduced); Brunei (introduced); Cambodia (introduced); Cayman Is (introduced); China (introduced); Colombia (introduced); Costa Rica (introduced); Cuba (introduced); Dominica (introduced); Dominican Republic (introduced); East Timor (introduced); El Salvador (introduced); Ethiopia (introduced); Fiji (introduced); French Guiana (introduced); Grenada (introduced); Guadeloupe (introduced); Guatemala (introduced); Guyana (introduced); Haiti (introduced); Hawaii (introduced); India (native); India-ISO (native); Indonesia-ISO (native); Iran (introduced); Iraq (introduced); Jawa (native); Kalimantan (native); Kenya (introduced); Laccadive Is (introduced); Laos (introduced); Lesser Sunda Is (native); Malawi (introduced); Malaysia-ISO (native); Maldives (introduced); Martinique (introduced); Mauritius (introduced); Mexico(North & Central) (introduced); Mexico(South East) (introduced); Moluccas (native); Myanmar (native); Nepal (native); Nicaragua (introduced); Niue (introduced); Northern Marianas (introduced); Pakistan (introduced); Panama (introduced); Papua New Guinea (introduced); Peninsular Malaysia (native); Peru (introduced); Philippines (introduced); Puerto Rico (introduced); Rodrigues (introduced); Ryukyu Is (native); Seychelles (introduced); Singapore (introduced); Society Is (introduced); South Africa (introduced); Sri Lanka (native); St Lucia (introduced); St Vincent (introduced); Sulawesi (native); Sumatera (native); Surinam (introduced); Taiwan (introduced); Tanzania (introduced); Thailand (uncertain); Tonga (introduced); Uganda (introduced); United States (introduced); Venezuela (introduced); Vietnam (introduced); Zimbabwe (introduced);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
7Studies on the food and feeding habits of Gaur Bos gaurus H. Smith (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae) in two protected areas of Goa, Suman D. Gad & S.K. Shyama, Journal of Threatened Taxa | 1(2): 128-130 | February 2009
86.2 Golden jackal, Canis aureus, Y.V. Jhala and P.D. Moehlman, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Temporal patterns of resource use by the short-nosed fruit bat, Cynopterus sphinx (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae), Elangovan, V | Marimuthu, G | Kunz, TH, Journal of Mammalogy [J. Mammal.]. Vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 161-165. 2001.
11Feeding ecology of sloth bears in a disturbed area in central India, H.S. Bargali, Naim Akhtar,and N.P.S. Chauhan, Ursus 15(2):212-217 (2004)
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access