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Eucalyptus viminalis (manna gum)

Wikipedia Abstract

Eucalyptus viminalis, the manna gum, ribbon gum, white gum, or viminalis, is an Australian eucalypt. It is a straight erect tree, often around 40 metres tall, with rough bark on the trunk and base of larger branches, its upper bark peels away in long "ribbons" which can collect on the branches and surrounding ground. Occasionally it can attain very large sizes. The tree with the largest recorded diameter (324.7 cm) is located at Woodbourne in Marlborough, New Zealand. There are three subspecies:
View Wikipedia Record: Eucalyptus viminalis

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  High
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation; In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation; Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount; Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure;
Janka Hardness [3]  1350 lbf (612 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Specific Gravity [4]  0.621
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  The leaves contain between 0.35 - 0.75% essential oil, of which 50 - 65% is cineol, 5% is pinene, and 10% is eudesmol; The bark contains 4.8 - 8% tannin; The red gum or manna exuding from cracks in the bark has been used for making adhesives; Planted in S. Europe for soil stabilization and to drain marshes in order to get rid of malarial mosquitoes; Wood - coarse grained, durable in the soil; In rich soils the wood is not so hard or durable; The wood, which weighs about 51 lb./cu ft, is used for building, construction, joinery, and vehicles; It is considered suitable for paper pulp;
View Plants For A Future Record : Eucalyptus viminalis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Mt. Field National Park II 39289 Tasmania, Australia

Predators

Amasa truncata <Unverified Name>[5]
Apiomorpha conica[6]
Apiomorpha pedunculata[6]
Cleora tulbaghata[7]
Conulicoccus beardsleyi[6]
Cryptophasa balteata[7]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[5]
Eriococcus confusus[6]
Eriococcus coriaceus (gum tree scale)[6]
Eriococcus tepperi[6]
Eucalyptococcus brookesae[6]
Euophryum confine <Unverified Name>[5]
Fragorbis pustulans <Unverified Name>[6]
Gonipterus platensis[8]
Lichenostomus penicillatus (White-plumed Honeyeater)[9]
Liothula omnivora[5]
Lyctus brunneus (Powderpost beetle)[5]
Melithreptus brevirostris (Brown-headed Honeyeater)[9]
Mnesampela privata (Autumn gum moth)[10]
Myzolecanium endoeucalyptus[6]
Nambouria xanthops[8]
Opodiphthera eucalypti (emperor gum moth)[7]
Opodiphthera helena (Helena Gum Moth)[7]
Paralaea beggaria (Peppermint looper)[10]
Paralaea taggorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Pardalotus quadragintus (Forty-spotted Pardalote)[9]
Petauroides volans (Greater Glider)[11]
Pseudococcus hypergaeus[6]
Pseudotargionia comata[6]
Sphaerococcopsis inflatipes[6]
Sphaerococcopsis simplicior[6]
Spilonota macropetana[7]
Stolotermes ruficeps[5]
Tessaromma undatum[5]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
11Petauroides volans (Diprotodontia: Pseudocheiridae), JAMIE M. HARRIS AND K. SHANE MALONEY, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(866):207–219 (2010)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access